A post office was established at Artic in 1845, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1903. It was likely named after the Arctic.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Artic, Indiana
- "DeKalb County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995). From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-253-32866-3.
...apparently it was named for the arctic region.