Arthur Waugh

Arthur Waugh (27 August 1866  – 26 June 1943) was an English author, literary critic, and publisher. He was the father of the authors Alec Waugh and Evelyn Waugh.

Arthur Waugh
Born(1866-08-27)27 August 1866
Midsomer Norton, England
Died26 June 1943(1943-06-26) (aged 76)
Highgate, London, England
Catherine Charlotte Raban (m. 1893)
ChildrenAlec Waugh
Evelyn Waugh

Early life

Waugh was born in Midsomer Norton, Somerset in 1866.[1] He was the son of a prosperous country physician and was the nephew of Edmund Gosse.[2] Among ancestors bearing the Waugh name, the Rev. Alexander Waugh (1754–1827) was a minister in the Secession Church of Scotland who helped found the London Missionary Society and was one of the leading Nonconformist preachers of his day.[3] His grandson Alexander Waugh (1840–1906) was a country medical practitioner, who bullied his wife and children and became known in the Waugh family as "the Brute". Arthur was the elder of his two sons.[4]

He was educated at Sherborne School, Sherborne, Dorset[5] and New College, Oxford, where he won the Newdigate Prize for Poetry for a ballad on the subject of Gordon of Khartoum in 1888.[6]


In 1892, he wrote the first biography of the poet Alfred Tennyson, which was published by William Heineman. In 1894, he contributed to the first issue of the magazine The Yellow Book. In 1899 he wrote the rhymes for a children's book with illustrations by William Nicholson.[7] In 1900 Waugh wrote and published Robert Browning, a brief biography of the author of the same name.[8][9] He was also a regular correspondent for the magazine The New York Critic, and from 1906 to 1931, he was a literary critic for the London newspaper The Daily Telegraph.[6]

His published works include poetry, biographies, literary criticism, and an autobiography, titled One Man's Road, published in 1931.

From 1902 to 1930, he was the Managing Director and Chairman of the publishing house Chapman and Hall,[6] about which he wrote a detailed history titled A Hundred Years in Publishing in 1930.[6]

Personal life

In 1893, Waugh was married to Catherine Charlotte "Kate" Raban (1870–1954).[10] Together, they were the parents of two sons:[2]

He died at his home in Highgate, in greater London, England, on 26 June 1943.[2] Fourteen volumes of his diaries covering the period of 1930 to his death are held in the Boston University Library.


  • One Man's Road: being a Picture of Life in a Passing Generation by Arthur Waugh, 1931.
  • My Father: Arthur Waugh in "The Early Years of Alec Waugh" by Alec Waugh, 1962.
  • Fathers and Sons: The Autobiography of a Family by Alexander Waugh, 2004.


  1. "Arthur Waugh". Stanford University. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  2. "ARTHUR WAUGH DIES; AUTHOR, PUBLISHER; Head of Chapman & Hall in London--Two Sons Novelists". The New York Times. 28 June 1943. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  3. Stannard, Vol I p. 12
  4. Kakutani, Michiko (19 June 2007). "Fathers and Sons - Alexander Waugh - Books - Review". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  5. "Waugh, Arthur (1866–1943)". ONDB. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  6. Obituary. The Times, Monday, Jun 28, 1943; Issue 49583; pg. 6; col G — Mr. Arthur Waugh, Author and Publisher
  7. The Square Book of Animals. Rhymes by Arthur Waugh, illustrations by William Nicholson. London: William Heinemann. 1900.
  8. "WAUGH, Arthur". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 1854.
  9. "Robert Browning" by Arthur Waugh
  10. "Evelyn Waugh's Mother Dies" (PDF). The New York Times. 9 December 1954. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  11. McDowell, Edwin (4 September 1981). "Alec Waugh, 83, Author of 'Island in the Sun'". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  12. "Evelyn Waugh, Satirical Novelist, Is Dead at 62; Author of 'Loved One' Wrote 28 Books in 36 Years Bizarre Vision of Aristocracy Had Deeply Moral Origins EVELYN WAUGH, 62, NOVELIST, IS DEAD" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 April 1966. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
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