Arthur Peel, 1st Viscount Peel

Arthur Wellesley Peel, 1st Viscount Peel, PC (3 August 1829  24 October 1912) was a British Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1865 to 1895. He was Speaker of the House of Commons from 1884 until 1895 when he was raised to the peerage.


The Viscount Peel

Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
26 February 1884  8 April 1895
MonarchQueen Victoria
Preceded bySir Henry Brand
Succeeded bySir William Gully
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs
In office
28 April 1880  1 January 1881
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded bySir Matthew White Ridley, Bt
Succeeded byLeonard Courtney
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
In office
1 August 1873  17 February 1874
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byGeorge Glyn
Succeeded bySir William Hart Dyke, 7th Baronet
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade
In office
14 January 1871  1 August 1873
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byGeorge Shaw-Lefevre
Succeeded byGeorge Cavendish-Bentinck
Parliamentary Secretary to the Poor Law Board
In office
10 December 1868  14 January 1871
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded bySir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
9 May 1895  24 October 1912
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded byPeerage created
Succeeded byThe 2nd Viscount Peel, The 1st Earl Peel
Member of Parliament
for Warwick and Leamington
In office
18 December 1885  7 August 1895
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byAlfred Lyttelton
Member of Parliament
for Warwick
In office
24 July 1865  18 December 1885
Preceded byEdward Greaves
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born3 August 1829 (1829-08-03)
Died24 October 1912(1912-10-24) (aged 83)
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal
Liberal Unionist
Spouse(s)Adelaide Dugdale (d. 1890)
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford

Background and education

Peel was the youngest son of the Conservative Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel by his wife Julia, daughter of General Sir John Floyd, 1st Baronet, and was named after Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford.[1]

Political career

Peel was elected Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Warwick in the 1865 general election and held the seat until 1885 when it was replaced under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.[2] From 1868 to 1871 he was Parliamentary Secretary to the Poor Law Board, and then became Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade. In 1873–1874 he was patronage secretary to the Treasury, and in 1880 he became Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs in the second Gladstone government.[3] On the retirement of Sir Henry Brand, Peel was elected Speaker of the House of Commons on 26 February 1884.[4]

In the 1885 general election, Peel was elected for Warwick and Leamington. Throughout his career as Speaker, as the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition said, "he exhibited conspicuous impartiality, combined with a perfect knowledge of the traditions, usages and forms of the House, soundness of judgment, and readiness of decision upon all occasions."[5] Though now officially impartial, Peel left the Liberal Party over the issue of Home Rule and became a Liberal Unionist. Peel was also an important ally of Charles Bradlaugh in Bradlaugh's campaigns to have the oath of allegiance changed to permit non-Christians, agnostics and atheists to serve in the House of Commons.

Peel retired for health reasons[3] at the 1895 general election and was created Viscount Peel, of Sandy in the County of Bedford, with a pension of £4,000 for life.[3] He was presented with the freedom of the City of London in July of that year.[5] In 1896 he was chairman of a Royal Commission into the licensing laws. Other members of the Commission disagreed with part of his report, and he resigned the chair, leaving Sir Algernon West to complete a majority report. However, the report was published in Peel's name and recommended that the number of licensed houses should be greatly reduced. This report was a valuable weapon in the hands of reformers.[3]

Family

Peel married Adelaide Dugdale (14 Nov 1839 - 5 Dec 1890[6]), daughter of William Stratford Dugdale, in 1862. She died in December 1890 and Lord Peel remained a widower until his death in October 1912, aged 83. They had seven children (styled the Hon.) : Julia (1865), William (1867), Arthur (1868), Agnes (1869), Sidney (1870), Ella (1872), and Maurice (1874).[7]

Details of above children

Son William Wellesley Peel, who was created Earl Peel in 1929 duly succeeded as Viscount. Arthur George Villiers Peel was a politician and author, Sidney Peel was a colonel and for four years an MP, later created a Baronet in 1936.[8][9] Agnes Mary Peel (1871-1959) married the Unionist politician Charles Sydney Goldman.

References

  1. Debretts Guide to the House of Commons 1886
  2. Hansard Millbank Systems - Arthur Peel
  3. Chisholm 1911.
  4. HC Deb 26 February 1884 vol 285 cc17-30
  5.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Peel, Arthur Wellesley Peel, 1st Viscount". Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 39–40.
  6. "Ancestry® | Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History Records". www.ancestry.com. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  7. "Ancestry Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History Records". www.ancestry.com. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  8. the Peerage.com
  9. Arthur Wellesley Peel, 1st Viscount Peel, PC Archived 2012-09-08 at the Wayback Machine, Cracroft's Peerage
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Repton
Edward Greaves
Member of Parliament for Warwick
18651885
With: George Repton 1865–1868, 1874–1885
Edward Greaves 1868–1874
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Warwick and Leamington
18851895
Succeeded by
Alfred Lyttelton
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt
Parliamentary Secretary to the Poor Law Board
1868–1871
Office abolished
Preceded by
George Shaw-Lefevre
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade
1871–1874
Succeeded by
George Bentinck
Preceded by
George Glyn
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1873–1874
Succeeded by
William Hart Dyke
Preceded by
Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1880–1881
Succeeded by
Leonard Courtney
Preceded by
Hon. Sir Henry Brand
Speaker of the House of Commons
1884–1895
Succeeded by
Sir William Gully
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Peel
1895–1912
Succeeded by
William Peel
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.