Arthur Grumiaux

Baron Arthur Grumiaux (French: [gʁy'mjo]; 21 March 1921 – 16 October 1986) was a Belgian violinist.

Arthur Grumiaux
Background information
Birth nameArthur Grumiaux
Born(1921-03-21)21 March 1921
Villers-Perwin, Belgium
Died16 October 1986(1986-10-16) (aged 65)
Brussels, Belgium
Occupation(s)Violinist

Early life

Born in the Belgian town of Villers-Perwin, on 21 March 1921,[1] Grumiaux was only three years old when his grandfather urged him to begin music studies. He entered the conservatoire in Charleroi at the age of six; the normal entry age was eleven. He studied violin and piano there until the age of eleven, when he graduated and moved to the Royal Conservatoire in Brussels to study violin.[2]

Career

He variously has been described as having made his debut in Brussels at the age of 14,[2] or in 1935,[1] although his debut is more commonly said to have occurred in 1940.[3][4][5] This performance was made in Belgium with the Brussels Philharmonic playing Mendelssohn's concerto.[4]

Due to the German invasion of his homeland, he next played publicly after liberation in 1945 with the Allied military entertainment organisation,[6][7] making his London debut later that year.[3][4] In 1949 he was appointed professor of violin at the Brussels Conservatoire where he had once studied.[3][8] He debuted in the United States in Boston, in 1951, and toured the United States in the following year.[6][9]

In 1973 he was created a baron by King Baudouin of Belgium for his services to music.[8]

Death

He died of a sudden stroke in Brussels in 1986 at the age of 65.[1]

Recordings

Grumiaux had a long-standing relationship with Philips Records, lasting more than 20 years, and recordings are available from them of him performing works by Handel, Bach, Vivaldi, Michael Haydn, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Bruch, Tchaikovsky, Henryk Wieniawski, and Johan Svendsen.[10][11]

A recording of Grumiaux's performance of one movement from Bach's Sonatas & Partitas for Unaccompanied Violin, the "Gavotte en rondeaux" from the Partita No. 3, is included on the Voyager Golden Record, attached to the Voyager spacecraft, as a sample of the culture of Earth.[12]

His violins

He owned both a Guarneri, the "Rose", made by Giuseppe Guarneri in 1744,[13] and a Stradivarius, the "General Dupont", made in 1727.[14]

Violin Competition

The International Grumiaux Competition for Young Violinists is held annually and takes place at the Royal Conservatory of Brussels in Belgium.[15][16] It was first held in 2008 under the name of "Bravo",[17] In 2015, the competition was renamed in honour of Arthur Grumiaux,[18] and is now called Concours International Grumiaux pour Jeunes Violonistes (International Grumiaux Competition for Young Violinists).[19]

History

The competition was created in 2008 by Igor Tkatchouk, a violin professor at the Institut Supérieur de Musique et de Pédagogie in Namur,[20] originally under the name of "Bravo!" competition.[21] It took place each year at the Institut [22] and since 2017 in the Royal Conservatoire in Brussels. In 2015, the competition was supported by the foundation Baron Arthur Grumiaux [23] and was renamed International Arthur Grumiaux Competition for Young Violinists.[24] The same year, Princess Léa of Belgium rewarded the winners at the Royal Theater of Namur. The competition is international and was represented in 2016 by 27 different nationalities

Since 2016 edition, Musiq'3 became the official partner of the project [25] and in the same year, the Belgian TV news RTBF show a spot on television [26]

Prize winners

There are four categories of prizes, based on the age of the performer: category A : through 10 years old, category B ages 11–13, category C ages 14–17, and category D ages 18–21.[27]

Year 1st Prize Cat A 1st Prize Cat B 1st Prize Cat C 1st Prize Cat D Special Prize
2019 Himari Yoshimura (Grand prize)
Nguyen Le Nguyen
Kai Gergov
Bianca Ciubancan
Naz Irem Turkmen
Kyota Kakiuchi Ayaka Uchio Samuel Hirsch (Best interpretation of a Belgian piece)
2018 EunSeo Cho
SungWoo Lee
Viktor Vasiliev
Leonard Toschev
Pauline Van Der Rest
Michael Germer Emma Gibout Michael Germer (Special jury prize )

Ariel Horowitz (Best interpretation of a Belgian piece)

2017 Fiona Khuong-Huu
Ryota Nakamura

Yunci Kaelyn Soh

Georgii Moroz

Pal Laszlo Szomora

- Meurice Victorine (Special Prize - Young Hope )

Georgii Moroz (Best interpretation of a Belgian piece)

2016[28] Bade Daştan Aliaksandra Arbuzava

Veronika Mona Bogic

Emiri Kobayashi

Ilgin Top

Yurina Arai Emiri Kobayashi (Best Interpretation of a Belgian piece)

Avraham Tirfe (Encouragement)
Bilal Alnemr (Dora Schwarzberg Prize)

2015 NAKANO Lina (Grand prize)

ÇATAKOĞLU Gökçe
KIM Theodore

KARLS Lorenz

FAULISI Luka

CARDAROPOLI Gennaro RIMBU Remus Spruit Charlotte (Best Interpretation of a Belgian piece)

Lut Bilegtugs (Dora Schwarzberg Prize)

2014 VAN DER REST Pauline (Grand prize)

BLYUMIN Matviy
LIST Darya

SCHMÖLZER Eva Lucia

WAKAMATSU Hana Lucia

TING Belle Chang-Yuan DEBROEYER Quentin Belle Ting (Best Interpretation of a Belgian piece)

Anne Friederike Greuner (Best Interpretation of a Belgian piece)

2013 Cooreman Alexandra (Grand prize)

Vasylieva Varvara
Yushkovskaya Maria

Walder Julian(Grand prize)

Pashchenko Snezhana

Ibrahimova Aytan

Durand-Rivière Suzanne

Šroubková Olga

Michaluk Maxime

-
2012 von Albertini Emilia (Grand prize)

Voisin Morgane

Csikos Anett Girard Grégoire - -
2011 Lozakovitj Daniel - Willem Floris

Decamps Sarah
Seyidova Jeyla

- -
2010 Guo Linda Egorovs Andrels

Martynov Fedor

- - -
2009 Boschkor Laras

Kuzmina Alexandra

Levy Maya Grauman Marina Managadze-Postnikova Nikolai -
2008 Csikos Anett Csikos Vilmos Lee Jae-Eun - -

Jury 2019

  1. Mr. Igor Tkatchouk - Belgium - President of the jury
  2. Mrs Dora Schwarzberg - Austria
  3. Mrs Shirly Laub – Belgium
  4. Mrs Tetiana Zolozova - France
  5. Mr. Roman Fedchuk - Czech Rep
  6. Mr. George Tudorache - Belgium
  7. Mr. Muhammedjan Turdiev - Turkey

Previous years

  1. Alexei Moshkov – Belgium(2012)
  2. Anna Sundin – Sweden(2013, 2014, 2015)
  3. Anne Léonardo – Belgium(2009)
  4. Dora Schwarzberg – Austria(2013 to 2019)
  5. Guido Jardon - Belgium(2008 à 2012)
  6. Jean-Frédéric Molard – Belgium(2010, 2011)
  7. Luba Aroutiounian – Belgium(2008)
  8. Michel Poskin – Belgium(2009)
  9. Muhammedjan Turdiev – Turkey(2014 to 2019)
  10. Nina Nazymova – France (2013)
  11. Philippe Descamps – Belgium(2011, 2012, 2013)
  12. Roman Fedchuk – Czech Republic (2009 to 2019)
  13. Saveliy Shalman – Russia(2009)
  14. Shirly Laub – Belgium(2010, 2012, 2016, 2017, 2019)
  15. Tatiana Samouil – Belgium(2008, 2012, 2013)
  16. Tetiana Zolozova – France (2013 à 2019)
  17. Ulysse Waterlot – Belgium(2010)
  18. Valery Oistrakh – Belgium(2011)
  19. Igor Tkatchouk – Belgium(Chairman 2008 to 2019)

Further reading

References

  1. State, Paul F. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 190.
  2. Campbell, Margaret (2011). "34 The Musician's Musician". The Great Violinists. Faber and Faber. p. 167.
  3. "Arthur Grumiaux, Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  4. Burgess, Patricia; Turner, Roland (1989). The Annual Obituary. St. James Press. p. 580.
  5. Roth, Henry (1997). Violin Virtuosos: From Paganini to the 21st Century. California Classic Books. p. 203.
  6. Campbell, Margaret (2011). "34 The Musician's Musician". The Great Violinists. Faber and Faber. p. 168.
  7. Lloyd, Stephen (2014). Constant Lambert: Beyond the Rio Grande. Boydell Press. p. 332.
  8. "Legendary Violinists: Arthur Grumiaux". www.thirteen.org.
  9. "Arthur Grumiaux: The Boston Recordings". Parnassus Classical CDs and Records.
  10. "ARTHUR GRUMIAUX: PHILIPS RECORDINGS 1955-1978". Classics Today.
  11. "Arthur Grumiaux - Philips Recordings 1955-1977".
  12. "Golden Record: Music From Earth". JPL.
  13. "The Art of Arthur Grumiaux". Audiophile Audition. 26 May 2014.
  14. "Frank Peter Zimmermann receives 'General Dupont', 'Grumiaux' Stradivarius on long-term loan". The Strad. 20 January 2016. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  15. "Revivez le concert des lauréats du Concours Grumiaux 2016". RTBF (in French). 1 February 2016.
  16. "Un prestigieux concours international pour jeunes violonistes a lieu à Namur". RTBF (in French). 10 February 2016.
  17. "8ème CONCOURS INTERNATIONAL "Arthur Grumiaux"". Institut Supérieur de Musique et de Pédagogie (in French).
  18. "Concours pour violonistes". lavenir.net (in French). 23 March 2015.
  19. "Contact". Best of Violin (in French).
  20. "Revivez le concert des lauréats du Concours Grumiaux 2016" (in French). 1 January 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  21. "8e Concours International Arthur Grumiaux". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  22. "IMEP » 8ème CONCOURS INTERNATIONAL " Arthur Grumiaux "".
  23. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. L. S. "Concours pour violonistes".
  25. Musiq'3 partenaire du Concours Grumiaux
  26. Un prestigieux concours international pour jeunes violonistes a lieu à Namur
  27. "Rules".
  28. Heifetz (18 February 2016). "Prizes Awarded at 2016 Grumiaux International Junior Violin Comp". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
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