Arthur is a village in Douglas and Moultrie Counties in Illinois, with Arthur's primary street, Vine Street, being the county line. The population was 2,288 at the 2010 census. The Arthur area is home to the largest and oldest Amish community in Illinois, which was founded in the 1860s.
Arthur, Illinois in 1924
Location of Arthur in Moultrie County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|Coordinates: 39°42′55″N 88°28′12″W|
|• Total||1.32 sq mi (3.41 km2)|
|• Land||1.32 sq mi (3.41 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||662 ft (202 m)|
|• Density||1,720.79/sq mi (664.19/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Wikimedia Commons||Arthur, Illinois|
In 1877, the population was approximately 300 persons. The community was incorporated as a village in April of that year.
The first village election was held on June 12, 1877 and C. G. McComb, Matt Hunsaker, W. H. Reeder, H. C. Jones, J. W. Sears, and Nick Thompson were elected trustees, and J. W. Barrum, clerk.
The original town was laid out on the farms of M. H. Warren on the Moultrie side, and the Pendleton Murphy farm on the Douglas County side. Early additions to the town included those by Murphy, Reeves, Hunsaker, Gibson, Warren, Reeder, followed by Kensington, Campbell, Boyd, Bennet, Fitzjarrald, and others.
An F2 tornado struck two miles south of Cadwell and moved northeast four miles south of Arthur on April 7, 1998. It lifted near Bourbon. Twenty homes, six barns, and other buildings were either damaged or destroyed. One mobile home was blown off its foundation. There were eight injuries.
Arthur is located at 39°42′55″N 88°28′12″W (39.715323, -88.470071).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,203 people, 915 households, and 619 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,726.7 people per square mile (664.5/km²). There were 951 housing units at an average density of 745.4 per square mile (286.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.64% White, 0.05% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.05% Asian, and 0.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.27% of the population.
There were 915 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $37,438, and the median income for a family was $47,827. Males had a median income of $32,358 versus $20,948 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,683. About 4.6% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
The village of Arthur characterizes itself on its website as an Amish-friendly community, with more than 4,000 "Plain People" living in the town and surrounding rural townships. The Amish settlement near Arthur was founded in 1864 and had 30 church districts with about 150 people per district in 2013.
In July 2012, Arthur's longtime school district consolidated with the much smaller school district in nearby Lovington, Illinois. High school students from both towns attend school in Arthur, while grade schools are maintained in both towns. The two schools have shared a football team for many years. In August 2014, the Atwood Hammond school district consolidated with Arthur Lovington, with the school name being changed to ALAH High School.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 30, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-01.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "The Village of Arthur, Illinois". Village of Arthur. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- The 12 Largest Amish Communities (2017). at Amish America
- Joseph F. Donnermeyer and David Luthy: Amish Settlements across America: 2013, page 112.