Arrow Active

The Arrow Active is a British aerobatic aircraft built in the 1930s.

Active
Arrow Active 2
Role Aerobatic sports aircraft
Manufacturer Arrow Aircraft Ltd.
Designer A. C. Thornton
First flight 1931
Number built 2

Design and development

The Arrow Active is a single-seat biplane of conventional configuration, with single-bay, staggered wings of unequal span and chord, bordering on being a sesquiplane. The upper and lower wings are joined by a single interplane strut. The undercarriage is fixed, with a pair of mainwheels and a tail-skid. It was originally powered by a 115 hp (86 kW) Cirrus-Hermes IIB engine.

The second aircraft built featured a more powerful 120 hp (90 kW) de Havilland Gipsy III and was designated Active 2. It also differed from the Active 1 in having a strutted, conventional centre section, a slightly different shaped fin and rudder, and smaller, wider wheels.

Operational history

Although it was originally hoped[1] that the military might show an interest in the aircraft, this did not transpire, and the Active was flown as a sports plane. The Active 1 G-ABIX received its Certificate of Airworthiness on 21 May 1931[2] and flew at 132.2 mph (212 km/h) in the 1932 King's Cup Race. It was Alex Henshaw's mount in the second half of 1935 until severely damaged in a crash following an in-flight fire that December.

The Active 2 G-ABVE was certified on 29 June 1932[3] and flew in the King's Cup in both 1932 and 1933. Slightly faster than the Arrow 1, it recorded a speed of 137 mph (220 km/h)

Variants

Active 1
One aircraft powered by a 115hp (86kW) Cirrus Hermes IIB engine.
Active 2
One aircraft powered by a 120hp (90kW) de Havilland Gipsy III engine, rebuilt in 1958 with a de Havilland Gipsy Major 1C.

Survivors

Rebuilt in 1958, and again in 1989, the Active 2 is still on the British civil register.[4]

Specifications (Active 2)

Data from[5] General characteristics

  • Crew: one pilot
  • Length: 18 ft 10 in (5.74 m)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
  • Height: [6] 7 ft 3 in (2.21 m)
  • Wing area: [6] 120 ft2 (11.2 m2)
  • Empty weight: 925 lb (420 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,325 lb (600 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × de Havilland Gipsy III inverted inline engine, 120 hp (80 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 144 mph (230 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 128 mph (206 km/h)
  • Range: [6] 420 miles (676 km)

References

Notes

  1. Flight 1931, 727
  2. Jackson 1959, page 407; Jackson 1973, page 286
  3. Jackson 1959, page 408; Jackson 1973, page 287
  4. http://www.realaero.com/company.htm
  5. Jackson 1959 pp.407-8; Jackson 1973 pp.206-7
  6. Ord-Hume 2000, pp. 234

Bibliography

  • Ord-Hume, Arthur W.J.G. (2000). British Light Aeroplanes. Peterborough: GMS Enterprises. ISBN 1-870384-76-8.
  • Jackson, A.J. (1959). British Civil Aircraft 1919-59, volume 1. London: Putnam and Co. Ltd.
  • Jackson, A.J. (1973). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10006-9.
  • "The Arrow "Active"". Flight: 727–28. 24 July 1931. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing.
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