Armonk, New York

Armonk is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of North Castle, New York located in Westchester County.[1] As of the 2010 census, Armonk's CDP population is 4,330 and it has a total area of 6.1 square miles (15.7 km2), of which 6.0 square miles (15.5 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 1.54 percent, is water. Armonk is well known as being the headquarters of IBM.[2]

Armonk, New York
Location of Armonk, New York
Coordinates: 41°7′43″N 73°42′28″W
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
TownNorth Castle
  SupervisorMichael Schiliro
  Total6.1 sq mi (15.7 km2)
  Land6.0 sq mi (15.5 km2)
  Water0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
387 ft (118 m)
  Density724/sq mi (279.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-02649
GNIS feature ID0942567

Geography and climate

Situated 10 miles from the coast in the Southeastern corner of New York, Armonk shares a border with Connecticut. The landscape is hilly and forested, with a mean elevation of 387 feet, and is home to the highest point in Westchester County with an elevation of 1,396 feet.

Armonk has a humid subtropical climate (Type Cfa) with cool, wet winters and hot, humid summers. Precipitation is plentiful, with the winter months receiving more precipitation than the summer months. Snow is common during the winter, and Armonk receives 26 inches of snow per year. Milder winters, however, may only see a few inches of snow while colder winters can see 35+ inches of snow. Winter precipitation comes mainly in the form of coastal storms that bring rain, snow and wind to New England and the Mid-Atlantic. Highs in winter average around 39° and lows around 30°. Summer brings mostly stable, hot weather with scattered thunderstorms, and the risk of a rare tropical storm in August and September. High temperatures in the summer average around 83° and lows around 72°, however 20 days per summer, highs reach past 90°. Spring and fall are transition seasons with moderate temperatures and moderate precipitation.


As of the census of 2000, there were 3,461 people, 1,172 households, and 995 families residing in the CDP. The population density is 568.9 per square mile (219.8/km²). There are 1,204 housing units at an average density of 197.9/sq mi (76.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP is 93.38 percent white, 0.61 percent African American, 0.06 percent Native American, 4.16 percent Asian, 0.00 percent Pacific Islander, 0.40 percent from other races, and 1.24 percent from two or more races. 3.76 percent of the population are Hispanic and Latino Americans.[3]

There are 1,172 households out of which 44.5 percent have children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.7 percent are married couples living together, 7.7 percent have a female householder with no husband present, and 15.1 percent are non-families. 13.1 percent of all households are made up of individuals and 6.0 percent have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.95 and the average family size is 3.23.

In the CDP, the population is spread out with 29.8 percent under the age of 18, 4.4 percent from 18 to 24, 27.2 percent from 25 to 44, 26.7 percent from 45 to 64, and 11.8 percent who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females, there are 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.2 males.

As of the census of 2013, the median income for a household in the CDP is $159,530, and the median income for a family is $189,163. The per capita income for the CDP is $92,750. 1.3 percent of the population and 0.0 percent of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 0.0 percent of those under the age of 18 and 3.9 percent of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.


The Byram Hills Central School District serves North Castle, New Castle, Mount Pleasant, and Bedford. All of the schools in the district are located in Armonk. The district has one high school, Byram Hills High School (for students in grades 9–12), one middle school, H. C. Crittenden Middle School (grades 6–8), and two primary schools, Wampus Elementary School (grades 3–5) and Coman Hill Elementary School (grades K–2).[4] Before 2002, grade 5 was in Crittenden, grades 3 and 4 were in Coman Hill, and grades K through 2 were in Wampus. The Byram Hills district placed first at the 2006 National Academic Championship,[5] and H.C. Crittenden is the winner of the National Blue Ribbon award.[6]

Athletics at the high school have seen success in the soccer, track and baseball teams. In 2001 and 2006, the soccer team finished second in the state tournament for Class A.[7] In 2007, the team won the first team state championship in school history.[8]

The Byram Hills track team finished second among class B teams at the cross country state meet in the fall 2006 season. In the 2006–2007 indoor season, they finished fifth at the Nike indoor national meet in the 4×800 relay. In the spring 2007 season, they set Section One records in the 4×1600 relay and the distance medley relay. They placed third at the Nike Outdoor National meet, while on player finished second individually in the 2000m steeplechase. The team won eighteen All New York State honors and thirteen All America honors in two years. In 2015, the Byram Hills baseball team captured the Class A State Championship. The 2015 Byram Hills Baseball team now joins the 2007 Soccer Team as the only two Byram Hills High School State Champions across almost 50 years of athletic history.[9]


IBM has its world headquarters in Armonk.[10][11][12] In addition, M. E. Sharpe also has its headquarters in Armonk.[13] The second-largest reinsurance company in the world, Swiss Re, has had its U.S. headquarters in Armonk since 1999. It was expanded in 2004, and has more than 1,200 employees. The 127-acre site overlooks Westchester County's Kensico Reservoir. The Indian information technology giant Wipro also hosts its headquarters here.[14]

Historic sites

The Smith Tavern, a historical site and landmark of the Revolutionary War, is located in Armonk and is the home of the North Castle Historical Society. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places along with the Bedford Road Historic District.[15] The Witthoefft House was added to the National Register in 2011. Near current day Elide plaza was once a small airport, at which Charles Lindbergh landed. [16]

Annual events

Armonk is host to several annual events. The Armonk Outdoor Art Show is a fine art and crafts juried show sponsored by Friends of the North Castle Public Library ("the Friends") where approximately 200 artists gather at Community Park to show and sell their work.[17] The event involves local volunteers with the proceeds from the show benefiting the North Castle Public Library and its Whippoorwill Hall performance auditorium. One week before the Art Show, the Armonk Chamber of Commerce sponsors the "Jamie's 5K Run For Love" run/walk road race.[18] The proceeds from this event also go to the library with a portion reserved specifically for children's programs. The Friends also sponsors the Armonk Players, a community theater group that stages two full productions and several readings each year at Whippoorwill Hall.[19]

In addition, the Armonk chapter of the Lions Club sponsors a Fol-De-Rol, held during either the first or second weekend in June.[20] The four-day event takes place in Wampus Brook Park and by Wampus Elementary School. It draws local businesses and artisans to set up tents and sell their merchandise. In addition, local restaurants set up tents to sell food and there are rides and midway games for children. Local student and professional music groups play in the gazebo to entertain the crowds.

Armonk also holds a community-wide Relay For Life during the first weekend in May. The event is sponsored locally by the Byram Hills chapter of Youth Against Cancer.

The latest Armonk tradition is Frosty Day.[21] A parade goes down Main Street onto Bedford Road, past the "Village Square" mentioned in the song "Frosty the Snowman" to Wampus Brook Park for a gala holiday lighting ceremony. Steve Nelson, the song's lyricist, was a frequent visitor to Armonk after World War II from his home in nearby White Plains. In 1950, he wrote the song's lyrics which he put to Walter E. Rollins' music; it was the same year that he was looking for land in Armonk on which to build his new home.

Housing boom and construction

Armonk experienced a surge in new housing construction and development beginning in the late 1990s. New condominiums, town houses, and larger single-family homes were constructed primarily north of the Armonk business district and just to the west. Armonk's Thomas Wright Estates or Sands Mill Estates, consisting primarily of large homes, were constructed in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Armonk real estate prices have increased substantially since the late 1990s, having peaked in the mid-2000s, and never returning to their pre-2000s rates despite the subprime mortgage crisis. The new construction projects and increased housing costs have increased Armonk's recent reputation as an affluent town, with the residents' profile moving away from the middle-working class and towards a much wealthier upper class image. In a construction project, a real estate company purchased the long-standing Schultz's Cider Mill just south of Main Street and had it razed. The company then constructed a premium gated community of 27 townhouses and homes (named "Cider Mill") in its place. As a result, the population of Armonk increased significantly but caused the public schools to become overcrowded and push forth a series of expensive school expansion projects that significantly raised property taxes.

Much of the new construction was pinned on the connections that former Town Supervisor John Lombardi had with the areas' construction and development companies. In 2005, after over 40 years in office, Lombardi was ousted in the election by political newcomer Reese Berman. A former librarian at the town's middle school, Berman's campaign promise was to put a moratorium on new residential construction to be enacted during her term in office. As of Berman's election, no new purely residential projects have broken ground in Armonk. A new community; Cider Mill was added in 2007–2008.


Armonk Square is a 3.5-acre development of shops, banking center, offices, one-bedroom apartments and food market.

Organizations located in the hamlet include Whippoorwill Country Club and the North Castle Public Library, which is part of the Westchester Library System.

Notable people

Notable current and former residents of Armonk include:


  1. Mancuso, Anne (December 23, 2015). "Armonk, NY a Hamlet Surrounded by Nature (December 23, 2015)". The New York Times.
  2. "American FactFinder- Armonk, New York (CDP)". United States Census Bureau.
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Schools" Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Accessed August 31, 2009.
  5. "2009 National Academic Championship Highlights", National Academic Championship. Accessed August 31, 2009.
  6. "No Child Left Behind-Blue Ribbon Schools Program ", U.S. Department of Education, November 21, 2006. Accessed August 31, 2009.
  7. Thomases, Jake. "Byram once again a win away; Blind Brook is out" Archived August 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, The Journal News, November 18, 2009. Accessed August 31, 2009.
  8. Thomases, Jake. "Byram Hills boys win a state title" Archived December 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, The Journal News, November 18, 2009. Accessed August 31, 2009.
  9. Boyle, Michelle. "Byram Hills Captures Class A State Championship", June 14, 2015.
  10. "Contact Us." IBM. Retrieved on October 20, 2009.
  11. " Armonk CDP, New York." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 20, 2009.
  12. "North Castle town, Westchester county, New York." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 20, 2009.
  13. "Contacts." M. E. Sharpe. Retrieved on August 8, 2011. "80 Business Park Drive Armonk NY 10504"
  14. "Most Powerful CEOs 2013: What the 2030 list may look like". The Times Of India. July 12, 2013.
  15. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  18. "Armonk Fall Festival - Armonk Chamber of Commerce, NY".
  20. "Fol-De-Rol Festival and Crafts in the Park".
  21. "Frosty10504".
  22. "Ernie Anastos". March 20, 2007.
  23. "Dave Barry – Biography". Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  24. Lattman, Peter (March 27, 2006). "The Lifestyle of the Rich & Famous David Boies". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  25. "2008–2009 High School Awards" Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (Summer 2009). Spectrum (BHSD), vol 47 no. 4, p. 11. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  26. "Pearl Chertok, 63, Harpist Who Performed on Televison [sic]". The New York Times. April 3, 1981. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  27. "Background". Peter Gallagher – Official Website. Archived from the original on November 25, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  28. Dunham, Jillian (May 9, 2012). "Teenage Rider May Reset the Bar". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  29. "Tom Kitt's Big Year". Westchester Magazine. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  30. Fox, Margalit. "Theodore Nierenberg, Founder of Dansk, Dies at 86", The New York Times, August 3, 2009. Accessed August 4, 2009.
  31. Bernie Williams, restaurateur?
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