Armenian Braille

Armenian Braille is either of two braille alphabets used for writing the Armenian language. The assignments of the Armenian alphabet to braille patterns is largely consistent with unified international braille, with the same punctuation, except for the comma.[1] However, Eastern and Western Armenian are assigned braille letters based on different criteria.[2] The conventions for Western Armenian were developed in Lebanon.

Eastern Armenian Braille

Eastern Armenian Braille
Type
alphabet
LanguagesEastern Armenian
Parent systems
Braille
  • ?
    • Eastern Armenian Braille
Print basis
Armenian alphabet

In Eastern Armenian, braille cells are assigned international values based on the historical correspondences of the Armenian script. For this reason they closely match the Latin transliteration convention used in the table below.

LinearԱ ա
a
Բ բ
b
Գ գ
g
Դ դ
d
Ե ե
e
Զ զ
z
Է է
ē
Ը ը
ë
Թ թ
t’
Ժ ժ
ž
Ի ի
i
Լ լ
l
Խ խ
x
Braille
LinearԾ ծ
ç
Կ կ
k
Հ հ
h
Ձ ձ
j
Ղ ղ
ġ
Ճ ճ
č̣
Մ մ
m
Յ յ
y
Ն ն
n
Շ շ
s
Ո ո
o
Չ չ
č
Պ պ
p
Braille
LinearՋ ջ
ǰ
Ռ ռ
Ս ս
s
Վ վ
v
Տ տ
t
Ր ր
r
Ց ց
c’
Ու ու
u
Փ փ
p’
Ք ք
k’
Եվ և
ev
Օ օ
ò
Ֆ ֆ
f
Braille [3][4]
Punctuation
Linear,՞
Braille

Western Armenian Braille

Western Armenian Braille
Type
alphabet
LanguagesWestern Armenian
Parent systems
Braille
  • ?
    • Western Armenian Braille
Print basis
Armenian alphabet

In Western Armenian, braille cells are assigned according to a pronunciation which diverges from the historical origin of the letters. Thus what are transliterated b g d in the table below are assigned braille values as p q th, while p t č̣ k are pronounced like English b d j g and have those braille assignments.

LinearԱ ա
a
Բ բ
b
Գ գ
g
Դ դ
d
Ե ե
e
Զ զ
z
Է է
ē
Ը ը
ë
Թ թ
t’
Ժ ժ
ž
Ի ի
i
Լ լ
l
Խ խ
x
Braille
LinearԾ ծ
ç
Կ կ
k
Հ հ
h
Ձ ձ
j
Ղ ղ
ġ
Ճ ճ
č̣
Մ մ
m
Յ յ
y
Ն ն
n
Շ շ
s
Ո ո
o
Չ չ
č
Պ պ
p
Braille
LinearՋ ջ
ǰ
Ռ ռ
Ս ս
s
Վ վ
v
Տ տ
t
Ր ր
r
Ց ց
c’
Ւ ւ
w
Փ փ
p’
Ք ք
k’
Օ օ
ò
Ֆ ֆ
f
Braille
Punctuation
Linear,՞
Braille

եւ (&) is .

Common punctuation

Apart from the comma and question mark above, Eastern and Western Braille use the same punctuation.

Linear՝։՜« »֊(cap)
Braille [5]

See also

  • Moon type is a simplification of the Latin alphabet for embossing. An adaptation for Armenian-reading blind people has been proposed.

References

  1. "International Meeting on Braille Uniformity" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
  2. Unesco (2013), World Braille Usage, 3rd ed.
  3. UNESCO (1990/2013) mistakenly copies this as r. It was corrected from the chart in the box at right.
  4. The chart in the box at right mistakenly copies this as y. It was corrected from UNESCO (1990/2013).
  5. This is the same as the comma in Eastern Armenian, according to UNESCO 2013. This may be an error.
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