Argus Motoren

Argus Motoren was a German manufacturing firm known for their series of small inverted-V engines and the Argus As 014 pulsejet for the V-1 flying bomb.

Argus Motoren
Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung 
IndustryAerospace
Fateshut down
Founded1906
Defunctend of World War II
HeadquartersBerlin, Germany
Productsaircraft engines
ParentHorch

History

Started in Berlin in 1906 as a subsidiary of Henri Jeannin's automobile business, Argus Motoren company spun off entirely in November 1906. Their early products were car and boat engines, but later that year they were contracted to produce engines for the French airship, Ville de Paris, supplying them with a converted boat motor. They turned increasingly to the aviation market, and were widely used by 1910, receiving an order from Sikorsky for one of his large airplanes under construction in Russia. During World War I Argus produced engines for the German army and air corps.

After World War I the company manufactured automobile engines and acquired a majority interest in Horch Automobile in 1919.[1] In 1926 they resumed aircraft engine design, producing a series of inverted inline and V engines. Although all were at the "low-power" end of the market by the start of World War II, they saw extensive use in training aircraft and other utility roles. Most famous of these designs are the Argus As 10, used in the Fieseler Fi 156 Storch, in the Arado Ar 66 and in the Focke-Wulf Fw 56 Stösser; and the Argus As 410, used on many German trainers, including the Arado Ar 96 and the Focke-Wulf Fw 189.

Argus provided also disc brakes, patented by Hermann Klaue (1912-2001), for the Arado Ar 96 landing gear and the Tiger I tank drive train.

The Berlin-Reinickendorf subcamp of Sachsenhausen concentration camp provided labor for the Argus-Werke.[2]

List of Argus engines

Argus 1908 4-cylinder
[3]
Argus As I
4-cylinder, 100-hp, year 1913[4]
Argus As II
6-cylinder, 120-hp, year 1914[5]
Argus As III
6-cylinder upright inline, used in World War I aircraft
Argus As IV
Argus As 5
double W, 3+3 banks of 4 cylinders each; never materialised
Argus As 7
9R 700 hp[3]
Argus As 8
4-cylinder inverted inline[3]
Argus As 10
8-cylinder inverted V[3]
Argus As 12
16H 550 hp[3]
Argus As 16
4-cylinder inverted inline 40 hp[3]
Argus As 17
6-cylinder inverted inline 225 hp / 285 hp[3]
Argus As 401
development and renumbering of the As 10
Argus As 402
[3]
Argus As 403
radial engine project, not built.
Argus As 410
12-cylinder inverted V[3]
Argus As 411
12-cylinder inverted V[3]
Argus As 412
24-cylinder H-block, prototyped[3]
Argus As 413
similar to 412, never built[3]
Argus 109-014
pulse jet engine for V-1 flying bomb and Tornado boat
Argus 109-044
[3] Pulse jet similar to the Argus 109-014, but with "square intake" main valve bank at front

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

See also

References

  1. Media AudiUSA, link gone, failed 18 August 2009
  2. Bundesrecht, Denmark Archived April 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  3. Nowarra, Heinz J.. Die Deutsche Luftruestung 1933-1945 Vol.4 – Flugzeugtypen MIAG-Zeppelin. Bernard & Graefe Verlag. 1993. Koblenz. ISBN 3-7637-5464-4 (Gesamtwerk), ISBN 3-7637-5468-7 (Band 4)
  4. Military Factory: Sikorsky Il'ya Muromets
  5. 3dWearehouse: Argus As II, 120cv Engine
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