Argentine North Eastern Railway

The Argentine North Eastern Railway (ANER) (in Spanish: Ferrocarril Nordeste Argentino, also Ferrocarril del Nord-Este Argentino) was a British-owned railway company, founded in 1887, that operated a 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge railway network in the provinces of Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones in Argentina. When the company was nationalised in 1948 it became part of the state-owned General Urquiza Railway.

Argentine North Eastern Railway
Neilson locomotive that served on the line.
Native nameFerrocarril Nordeste Argentino
StatusDefunct company; rail line active
LocaleEntre Ríos, Corrientes, Misiones
Closed1948 (1948) (acquired by the Government of Argentina)
Line length1,212 km (753 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Route map


The company was founded in 1887 to take over and complete two lines from Monte Caseros in Corrientes Province. The first was to go to Corrientes (371 km), the provincial capital, and the second to Posadas (442 km), the capital of Misiones Province.

In 1888 the company acquired a batch of 32 steam locomotives to Scottish manufacturer Neilson and Company.[1][2]

Construction of the line to Corrientes, completed as far as Curuzú Cuatiá in 1890, was extended to Mercedes in 1898 and finally reached Corrientes later in the same year. The Posadas line reached Paso de los Libres in 1894 and was extended to Santo Tomé in 1901. Once the section from Santo Tomé to Posadas was opened some years later in 1911 an international rail connection with Paraguay was established.[3]

In 1907 the ANER took over British-owned East Argentine Railway, which operated a line from Monte Caseros south to Concordia in Entre Ríos Province.

Two years later a branch line from San Diego to the port of Goya on the River Paraná was completed and in 1915 the line from Concordia was extended south to the river port of Concepción del Uruguay.[4] Later that same year the ANER established a joint administration with the neighboring British-owned Entre Ríos Railway.

By the time then President of Argentina Juan Perón nationalised the complete Argentine railway network in 1948 the ANER was operating a 1,212 km network which became part of the state-owned General Urquiza Railway.

See also


  1. "Locomotoras Neilson del F.C.N.E.A." Basso en la Red (in Spanish).
  2. "La historia viaja en ferrocarril". Página/12 (in Spanish). 31 August 2007.
  3. "Ferrobarcos: La Estación Posadas". Histamar (in Spanish).
  4. "1915- Fusión ferroviaria". De la Concordia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 March 2011.


  • Lewis, Colin M. (1983). British Railways in Argentina 1857-1914: A Case Study of Foreign Investment. Athlone Press (for the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London).
  • Stones, H.R. (1993). British Railways in Argentina 1860-1948. Bromley, Kent, England: P.E. Waters & Associates.
  • Wright, Winthrop R. (1974). British-Owned Railways in Argentina – Their Effect on Economic Nationalism, 1854-1948. Latin American Monograph. No. 34. London: Institute of Latin American Studies, Univ. of Texas Press.
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