Areni-1 cave

The Areni-1 cave complex (Armenian: Արենիի քարանձավ) is a multicomponent site[1], and late Chalcolithic/Early Bronze Age ritual site and settlement[2], located near the Areni village in southern Armenia along the Arpa River.

Areni-1 cave
Արենի-1 քարանձավ
Panorama of the site along the Arpa River
Shown within Armenia
LocationVayots Dzor Province, Armenia
RegionLesser Caucasus
Coordinates39°43′53″N 45°12′13″E
Length40 m (130 ft)[1]
PeriodsChalcolithic, Bronze Age


In 2008, Armenian PhD student and archeologist Diana Zardaryan of the country’s Institute of Archaeology discovered the earliest known shoe at the site.[3] In January 2011, the earliest known winery in the world was uncovered in the cave.[4] Later, in 2011, the discovery of a straw skirt dating to 3,900 years BCE was reported.[5] In 2009, the oldest humanoid brain was discovered in the cave.[6]


Three individuals who lived in the Chalcolithic era (c. 5700–6250 years BP), found in the Areni-1 ("Bird's Eye") cave were identified as belonging to haplogroup L1a. One individual's genome indicated that he had red hair and blue eyes.

See also


  1. "Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia". Google Books. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  2. "Areni-1 Cave, Armenia: A Chalcolithic–Early Bronze Age settlement and ritual site in the southern Caucasus". Research Gate. March 1, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  3. "World's oldest leather shoe found in Armenian cave". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 25, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  4. Owen, James. "Earliest Known Winery Found in Armenian Cave." National Geographic. January 10, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  5. "5,900-year-old women's skirt discovered in Armenian cave". News Armenia. September 13, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
  6. Bower, Bruce (12 January 2009). "Armenian cave yields ancient human brain". ScienceNews.
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