The Arden Shakespeare is a long-running series of scholarly editions of the works of William Shakespeare. It presents fully edited modern-spelling editions of the plays and poems, with lengthy introductions and full commentaries. There have been three distinct series of the Arden Shakespeare over the past century, with the third series expected to be completed in 2020. Arden was the maiden name of Shakespeare's mother, Mary, but the primary reference of the enterprise's title is named after the Forest of Arden, in which Shakespeare's As You Like It is set.
The first series was published by Methuen. Its first publication was Edward Dowden's edition of Hamlet, published in 1899. Over the next 25 years, the entire canon of Shakespeare was edited and published. The original editor of the Arden Shakespeare was William James Craig (1899–1906), succeeded by R. H. Case (1909–1944). The text of the Arden Shakespeare, First series, was based on the 1864 "Globe" or Cambridge edition of Shakespeare's Complete Works, edited by William George Clark and John Glover, as revised in 1891–93.
|Editor||Title||Year of publication|
|Edward Dowden||Romeo and Juliet||1900|
|W. J. Craig||King Lear||1901|
|Michael Macmillan||Julius Caesar||1902|
|Morton Luce||The Tempest||1902|
|H. C. Hart||Othello||1903|
|Herbert Arthur Evans||Henry V||1904|
|W. Osbourne Brigstoke||All's Well That Ends Well||1904|
|H. C. Hart||Love's Labour's Lost||1904|
|H. C. Hart||The Merry Wives of Windsor||1904|
|H. Bellyse Balldon||Titus Andronicus||1904|
|Henry Cuningham||A Midsummer Night's Dream||1905|
|H. C. Hart||Measure for Measure||1905|
|K. Deighton||Timon of Athens||1905|
|R. Warwick Bond||The Taming of the Shrew||1905|
|Charles Knox Pooler||The Merchant of Venice||1905|
|R. Warwick Bond||Two Gentlemen of Verona||1906|
|Morton Luce||Twelfth Night||1906|
|K. Deighton||Troilus and Cressida||1906|
|R. H. Case||Antony and Cleopatra||1906|
|Ivor B. John||King John||1907|
|Henry Cuningham||The Comedy of Errors||1907|
|A. Hamilton Thompson||Richard III||1907|
|H. C. Hart||1 Henry VI||1909|
|H. C. Hart||2 Henry VI||1909|
|H. C. Hart||3 Henry VI||1910|
|Charles Knox Pooler||Poems||1911|
|Ivor B. John||Richard II||1912|
|F. W. Moorman||The Winter's Tale||1912|
|J. W. Holme||As You Like It||1914|
|R. P. Cowl, A. E. Morgan||1 Henry IV||1914|
|Charles Knox Pooler||Henry VIII||1915|
|Charles Knox Pooler||Sonnets||1918|
|W. J. Craig||Coriolanus||1922|
|R. P. Cowl||2 Henry IV||1923|
|Grace R. Trenery||Much Ado About Nothing||1924|
The second series began in 1946, with a new group of editors freshly re-editing the plays, and was completed in the 1980s. It was published by Methuen in both hardback and paperback. Later issues of the paperbacks featured cover art by the Brotherhood of Ruralists. The Second Series was edited by Una Ellis-Fermor (1946–58); Harold F. Brooks (1952–82), Harold Jenkins (1958–82) and Brian Morris (1975–82). Unlike the First Series, where each volume was based on the same textual source (The Globe Shakespeare), the individual editors of each volume of the Second Series were responsible for editing the text of the play in that edition.
|Richard David||Love's Labour's Lost||1951|
|Kenneth Muir||King Lear||1952|
|J.C. Maxwell||Titus Andronicus||1953|
|Frank Kermode||The Tempest||1954||Reprinted with revisions in 1957.|
|M. R. Ridley||Antony and Cleopatra||1954||The introduction by Case from the First Series was reprinted.|
|J.H. Walter||Henry V||1954|
|E. A. J. Honigmann||King John||1954|
|John Russell Brown||The Merchant of Venice||1955|
|T. S. Dorsch||Julius Caesar||1955|
|J. M. Nosworthy||Cymbeline||1955|
|Peter Ure||Richard II||1956|
|Andrew S. Cairncross||2 Henry VI||1957|
|R. A. Foakes||Henry VIII||1957|
|H. J. Oliver||Timon of Athens||1959|
|G. K. Hunter||All's Well that Ends Well||1959|
|A. R. Humphreys||1 Henry IV||1960|
|F. T. Prince||The Poems||1960||Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece|
|Andrew S. Cairncross||1 Henry VI||1962|
|R. A. Foakes||Comedy of Errors||1962|
|F. D. Hoeniger||Pericles||1963|
|J. H. P. Pafford||The Winter's Tale||1963|
|Andrew S. Cairncross||3 Henry VI||1964|
|J. W. Lever||Measure for Measure||1964||Most up-to-date version available as of October 2019.|
|A. R. Humphreys||2 Henry IV||1966|
|Clifford Leech||Two Gentlemen of Verona||1969|
|H. J. Oliver||The Merry Wives of Windsor||1971|
|Agnes Latham||As You Like It||1975|
|J. M. Lothian and Thomas W. Craik||Twelfth Night||1975|
|Harold F. Brooks||A Midsummer Night's Dream||1979|
|Brian Gibbons||Romeo and Juliet||1980|
|A. R. Humphreys||Much Ado About Nothing||1981|
|Anthony Hammond||Richard III||1981|
|Brian Morris||The Taming of the Shrew||1981|
|K. J. Palmer||Troilus and Cressida||1982|
The third series of the Arden Shakespeare began to be edited during the 1980s, with publication starting in the 1990s.
The first editions in this series were published by Routledge, before moving to Thomson. They then moved to Cengage Learning. In December 2008, the series returned to Methuen, becoming part of Methuen Drama, its original publisher. From February 2013, the titles have appeared under the Bloomsbury imprint.
The editions in the third series are published very much in line with the traditions established by the Arden Shakespeare; however, editions in this series tend to be much thicker than those of the first and second series, with more explanatory notes and much longer introductions. One unusual aspect of this series is its edition of Hamlet, which presents the play in two separate volumes. The first, released in 2006, contains an edited text of the Second Quarto (1604–05), with passages found only in the First Folio included in an appendix, while the supplementary second volume, released a year later, contains both the text of the First Quarto (sometimes called the "bad" quarto) of 1603, and of the First Folio of (1623).
As of October 2019, the edition of one canonical play remains to be published: Measure for Measure, edited by A. R. Braunmuller.
What follows is a list of editions published in the third series thus far as of October 2019. Editions that have been revised are marked with the year of revised publication in the 'Year' column.
|King Henry V||1995|
|Antony and Cleopatra||1995|
|Titus Andronicus||1995 (r. 2018)|
|Othello||1996 (r. 2016)|
|The Two Noble Kinsmen||1996 (r. 2015)||The play is attributed to Shakespeare and John Fletcher on the title page.|
|King Lear||1997||Contrary to the editors' decision to publish the three versions of Hamlet as three separate texts, Foakes' edition of King Lear is based upon a conflation of the quarto and folio texts of the tragedy, disregarding the practice established by the Oxford Shakespeare of treating them as two separate texts.|
|Shakespeare's Sonnets||1997 (r. 2010)||Contains every poetic work included in the original Shakespeare's Sonnets quarto of 1609—that is, 154 sonnets, plus the narrative poem A Lover's Complaint (a work the authorship of which is often disputed).|
|Troilus and Cressida||1998 (r. 2015)|
|Love's Labour's Lost||1998|
|King Henry VI Part 2||1999|
|The Merry Wives of Windsor||1999|
|The Tempest||1999 (r. 2011)|
|King Henry VI Part 1||2000|
|King Henry VIII||2000||The play is attributed to Shakespeare and John Fletcher on the title page.|
|King Henry VI Part 3||2001|
|King Richard II||2002|
|King Henry IV Part 1||2002|
|The Two Gentlemen of Verona||2004|
|Pericles, Prince of Tyre||2004||The play is attributed to Shakespeare and George Wilkins on the title page.|
|Much Ado About Nothing||2005 (r. 2016)|
|Hamlet||2006 (r. 2016)||Contains the Q2 (1604) text.|
|Hamlet: The Texts of 1603 and 1623||2007||Contains the Q1 (1603) and FF (1623) text. A supplementary volume to the main edition (above) based on Q2 (1604).|
|As You Like It||2006|
|Shakespeare's Poems||2007||Contains Shakespeare's two major narrative poems—Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece—as well as his metaphysical poem The Phoenix and the Turtle, plus several shorter works attributed to Shakespeare.|
|Timon of Athens||2008||The play is attributed to Shakespeare and Thomas Middleton on the title page.|
|King Richard III||2009|
|The Taming of the Shrew||2010|
|The Winter's Tale||2010|
|The Merchant of Venice||2011|
|Romeo and Juliet||2012|
|King Henry IV Part 2||2016|
|The Comedy of Errors||2016|
|A Midsummer Night's Dream||2017|
|All's Well That Ends Well||2018|
|Measure for Measure||Jan 2020 (announced)|
The third series is also notable for publishing single-volume editions of certain plays which traditionally form part of the so-called Shakespeare Apocrypha, but for which there is considered good evidence of Shakespeare having at least been part author. Three apocryphal plays have so far been published in this manner.
Due to the long period of time over which the series has been published, many of the editions listed above have been (or are planned to be) re-issued in revised editions, The first—Shakespeare's Sonnets—was published in 2010, fifteen years after the series began. Eight editions have been reissued in revised form.
In March 2015, Bloomsbury Academic named Peter Holland of the University of Notre Dame, Zachary Lesser of the University of Pennsylvania, and Tiffany Stern of the Shakespeare Institute as general editors of the Arden Shakespeare Fourth Series.
Arden Early Modern Drama
In 2009, the Arden Shakespeare launched a companion series, entitled "Arden Early Modern Drama". The series follows the formatting and scholarly style of the Arden Shakespeare Third Series, but shifts the focus onto less well-known English Renaissance playwrights, primarily the Elizabethan, Jacobean, and Caroline periods (although the plays Everyman and Mankind hail from the reign of King Henry VII).
- The Duchess of Malfi by John Webster, edited by Leah Marcus (2009)
- Everyman and Mankind, edited by Douglas Bruster and Eric Rasmussen (2009)
- Philaster by Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, edited by Suzanne Gossett (2009)
- The Renegado by Philip Massinger, edited by Michael Neill (2010)
- 'Tis Pity She's a Whore by John Ford, edited by Sonia Massai (2011)
- The Tragedy of Mariam by Elizabeth Cary, edited by Ramona Wray (2012)
- The Island Princess by John Fletcher, edited by Clare McManus (2013)
- The Spanish Tragedy by Thomas Kyd, edited by Clara Calvo and Jesús Tronch (2013)
- A Jovial Crew by Richard Brome, edited by Tiffany Stern (2014)
- The Witch of Edmonton by Thomas Dekker, John Ford and William Rowley, edited by Lucy Munro (2016).
- A Woman Killed with Kindness by Thomas Heywood, edited by Margaret Kidnie (2017).
- The Dutch Courtesan by John Marston, edited by Karen Britland (2018).
- The Revenger's Tragedy by Thomas Middleton, edited by Gretchen Minton (2018).
- The White Devil by John Webster, edited by Benedict S. Robinson (2018).
Arden Shakespeare has also published a Complete Works of Shakespeare, which reprints editions from the second and third series but without the explanatory notes.
Arden Performance Editions
In 2017, the Arden Shakespeare launched a new series of Performance Editions of Shakespeare's major plays, aimed specifically for use by actors and directors in the rehearsal room, and drama students in the classroom. Each edition features facing-page notes, short definitions of words, guidance on metre and punctuation, large font for easy reading, and plenty of blank space to write notes. The Series Editors are Professor Michael Dobson and Dr Abigail Rokison-Woodall and leading Shakespearean actor, Simon Russell Beale. The series is published in association with the Shakespeare Institute.
The Arden Shakespeare has also published a number of series of literary and historical criticism to accompany the Arden Shakespeare Third Series and Arden Early Modern Drama imprints.
- The edition adopts the belief that the play is the only surviving version of Shakespeare and Fletcher's lost tragicomedy Cardenio, revised by Lewis Theobald for eighteenth century audiences.
- This edition identifies Shakespeare as one reviser of a play originally written by Anthony Munday and Henry Chettle, the other revisers supposedly being Chettle, Thomas Dekker, Thomas Heywood, and the unidentified "Hand C".
- Owing to the 2011 death of E. A. J. Honigmann, the original editor, the revision of this edition has been undertaken by Ayanna Thompson. This is the only instance in the series (so far) where the revising editor has been different to the original editor.
- Bloomsbury Publishing Website, accessed October 12, 2019
- Juliet Dusinberre, introduction to "As You Like It", Arden Shakespeare, Third Edition
- General Editors' Preference, The Tempest, Arden Shakespeare, 3rd Series, 1999
- Copyright page, "The Tempest", edited by Frank Kermode, Arden 2nd Series, 1954
- General Preface, King Lear, The Arden Shakespeare, copyrighted 1917
- General Editor's Preface by Una Ellis-Fermor, dated 1951, as printed in Macbeth, Arden Shakespeare, 2nd Series
- The works of Shakespeare: London, Methuen [1899–1930]. Stanford University Library. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- Copyright page, "Macbeth", edited by Kenneth Muir, Arden 2nd Series, printed 1994
- See "Coriolanus", Arden Shakespeare, Third Series (published February 2013)
- Preface, "Hamlet", Arden 3rd Series
- "Hamlet, the Texts of 1603 and 1623", Arden Shakespeare, 3rd Series.
- Bloomsbury Publishing Website, accessed October 12, 2019
- Bloomsbury Publishing Website, accessed April 6, 2017.
- Deliyannides, Andrew. "Peter Holland Named General Editor of The Arden Shakespeare", University of Notre Dame, 3 March 2015.