Arcueil

Arcueil [aʁkœj] is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 5.3 km (3.3 mi) from the center of Paris.

Arcueil
Maison des Gardes, part of the Guise Castle

Coat of arms
Location of Arcueil
Arcueil
Arcueil
Coordinates: 48°48′27″N 2°20′10″E
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-de-Marne
ArrondissementL'Haÿ-les-Roses
CantonCachan
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
  Mayor (2008–2014) Daniel Breuiller
Area
1
2.33 km2 (0.90 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
21,710
  Density9,300/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
94003 /94110
Elevation42–105 m (138–344 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Name

The name Arcueil was recorded for the first time in 1119 as Arcoloï, and later in the 12th century as Arcoïalum, meaning "place of the arches" (Latin radical arcus, "arch", and Celtic suffix -ialo, "clearing, glade", "place of"), in reference to the Roman aqueduct carrying water to the Roman city of Lutetia (modern Paris). Still standing, the arches of the Roman aqueduct are still visible since the Middle Ages, crossing the Bièvre River valley near Arcueil.

History

Between 1613 and 1624 a bridge-aqueduct over 1300 ft. long was constructed to convey water from the spring of Rungis, south of Arcueil, across the Bièvre river to the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Between 1868 and 1872 another aqueduct, still longer, was superimposed above that of the 17th century, forming part of the system conveying water from the river Vanne to Paris.[2]

The commune of Arcueil was officially renamed Arcueil-Cachan in 1894, after the hamlet of Cachan located within the commune. On 26 December 1922, Cachan seceded from the commune of Arcueil-Cachan and became a commune in its own right. The reduced commune of Arcueil-Cachan was renamed simply Arcueil.

Economy

Orange France, formerly France Télécom S.A., has its headquarters in Arcueil.[3]

Transport

Arcueil is served by two stations on Paris RER line B: Laplace and Arcueil – Cachan.

Education

Primary schools:[4]

  • Five preschools: Henri Barbusse, Danielle Casanova, Jules Ferry, Olympe de Gouges, and Pauline Kergomard
  • Five elementary schools: Henri Barbusse, Jules Ferry, Olympe de Gouges, Aimé Césaire, and Jean Macé

There is one junior high school, Collège Dulcie September.[5]

Residents are served by the Lycée intercommunal Darius-Milhaud in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre.[6]

Personalities

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 1,338    
1800 1,168−12.7%
1806 1,200+2.7%
1821 1,439+19.9%
1831 1,809+25.7%
1836 1,746−3.5%
1841 1,734−0.7%
1846 2,701+55.8%
1851 3,071+13.7%
1856 2,957−3.7%
1861 4,078+37.9%
1866 5,024+23.2%
1872 5,258+4.7%
1876 5,299+0.8%
1881 6,067+14.5%
1886 6,465+6.6%
1891 6,088−5.8%
1896 7,064+16.0%
1901 8,425+19.3%
1906 9,237+9.6%
1911 11,319+22.5%
1921 14,966+32.2%
1926 12,559−16.1%
1931 16,200+29.0%
1936 16,590+2.4%
1946 16,340−1.5%
1954 18,067+10.6%
1962 20,224+11.9%
1968 21,877+8.2%
1975 20,330−7.1%
1982 20,064−1.3%
1990 20,334+1.3%
1999 18,061−11.2%
2006 19,129+5.9%
2009 19,548+2.2%
2016 21,567+10.3%

See also

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arcueil". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 447–448.
  3. "Orange France." Businessweek. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  4. "Les écoles à Arcueil." Arcueil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  5. Home. Collège Dulcie September. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  6. "Les lycéens du boycottent les cours Kremlin-Bicêtre" (Archive). Le Parisien. 24 September 2004. "Pour les soutenir dans leur nouveau combat, les élus en charge de la jeunesse des quatre villes dont dépend le lycée - Gentilly, Villejuif, Arcueil et Le Kremlin-Bicêtre - avaient fait le déplacement."
  7. Arcueil, rue d'hier et d'aujourd'hui. Arcueil: Centre Culturel Communal Erik Satie, 2006 ISBN 2-9526850-0-2
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-16. Retrieved 2009-02-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. http://dailyroutines.typepad.com/daily_routines/2009/01/erik-satie.html Erik Satie's daily routine
  10. Robert Orledge, Satie the Composer, Cambridge University Press 1990 p.6
  11. http://www.westerncape.gov.za/eng/pubs/news/2006/jun/137558 Cape of Good Hope Gateway article
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