Arcuate nucleus (medulla)

In the medulla oblongata, the arcuate nucleus is a group of neurons located on the anterior surface of the medullary pyramids. These nuclei are the extension of the pontine nuclei. They receive fibers from the corticospinal tract and send their axons through the anterior external arcuate fibers and medullary striae to the cerebellum via the inferior cerebellar peduncle.

Arcuate nucleus (medulla)
Transverse section of medulla oblongata below the middle of the olive. ("Nucleus arcuatus" visible near bottom right.)
Dissection of brain-stem. Lateral view. (Labels for "External arcuate fibers" and "Dorsal external arcuate fibers" visible at lower right.)
Latinnucleus arcuatus medullae oblongatae
NeuroLex IDbirnlex_2635
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

Arcuate nuclei are capable of chemosensitivity and have a proven role in the respiratory center controlling the breathing rate.

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