Archibald Scott Cleghorn

Archibald Scott Cleghorn (November 15, 1835 – November 1, 1910) was a Scottish businessman who married into the royal family of the Kingdom of Hawaii.


Archibald Scott Cleghorn
Governor of Oahu
In office
November 11, 1891  February 28, 1893
MonarchLiliʻuokalani
Preceded byJohn Owen Dominis
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born(1835-11-15)November 15, 1835
Edinburgh, Scotland
DiedNovember 1, 1910(1910-11-01) (aged 74)
Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii
Resting placeRoyal Mausoleum of Hawaii
NationalityKingdom of Hawaii
Spouse(s)Princess Miriam K. Likelike
ChildrenRose, Helen, and Annie; Princess Victoria Kaʻiulani; and T. A. K.
ParentsThomas Cleghorn
Janet Nisbet
ResidenceʻĀinahau
OccupationBusinessman, Politician
Signature

Biography

He was born on November 15, 1835 in Edinburgh, Scotland, to Thomas Cleghorn and wife, Janet Nisbet, the second of two sons. In 1841 Thomas was Superintendent of the Government Domain (Auckland Domain) in Auckland, New Zealand. Janet Cleghorn died in Auckland in 1845. In 1851, at the age of 16, Archie Cleghorn traveled with his father to Honolulu, where his father established a dry goods store. His father died within the year, but Archibald remained in Hawaii and continued running the store. His business prospered and he expanded to other islands.[1]

Cleghorn became a citizen of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1870.[2] He married Princess Miriam K. Likelike who was 19 years old, sister of David Kalākaua, on September 22, 1870 at Washington Place.[3] In 1874 Kalākaua became King, and Cleghorn's daughter Princess Victoria Kaiʻulani was the heir to the throne of the House of Kalākaua. In 1877, Cleghorn and Princess Likelike arranged to donate the land surrounding the monument to Captain James Cook on Kealakekua Bay marking the site of his death, in trust to the government of the United Kingdom.[4]

Cleghorn served in the House of Nobles from 1873 to 1888, and the Privy Council from 1873 to 1891. He acted as the Royal Governor of Oʻahu in July 1887, and was appointed to succeed Prince Consort John Owen Dominis upon his death in November 1891, until February 28, 1893. He was the president of the Kapiʻolani Park Association since 1888, and first parks commissioner for the City & County of Honolulu in 1900. He served as a trustee of The Queen's Medical Center from 1905 to 1909.[5] He died of a heart attack on November 1, 1910 at the ʻĀinahau royal estate. He was buried in the Kalākaua Crypt of the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii.

His downtown Honolulu estate became the home of The Pacific Club in 1926.[6]

Children

Besides his daughter Kaʻiulani, Cleghorn had a number of children out of wedlock. With a Hawaiian woman, Elizabeth Lapeka Pauahi Grimes, Cleghorn had three daughters: Rose Kaipuala Cleghorn (1859–1911), who married James William Robertson, Helen Maniʻiailehua Cleghorn (1863–1927), who married James Harbottle Boyd, Annie Pauai Cleghorn (1867–1897), who married James Hay Wodehouse, Jr.[7][8] Cleghorn and Lapeka later separated.[9] He also had a son named Thomas Alexander Kaulaʻahi Cleghorn (1899–1984) by another Hawaiian woman Annie Ana Makanui.[10][11]

References

  1. Maxine Mrantz (1980). Hawaii's Tragic Princess: Kaiulani, the girl who never got to rule. Aloha Graphics and Sales. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-941351-04-1.
  2. "Cleghorn, Archibald S. immigration record". digital archives. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  3. Royal Ark
  4. Thomas George Thrum, ed. (1912), "Cook's Monument at Kealakekua", Hawaiian Almanac and Annual, p. 69
  5. "Cleghorn, Archibald Scott". digital archives. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  6. "The Pacific Club: Private Business & Social Club in Honolulu, Hawaii". official web site. Archived from the original on November 19, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  7. Ellen Emerson White (2001). Kaʻiulani: the people's princess. Scholastic. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-439-12909-1.
  8. Jennifer Fahrni. "Princess Kaiulani Her Life and Times: A Biography". The Kaʻiulani Project. Archived from the original on 15 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-17.
  9. "Information on Elizabeth Lepeka Kahalaunani Cleghorn". Maoliworld. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  10. Kristin Zambucka (1976). Princess Kaiulani: The Las Hope of Hawaii's Monarchy. Honolulu: Mana Publishing Company. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-56647-710-9.
  11. Cleghorn, Thomas A. K.; Cleghorn, Nellie Yarnell Maxwell; Argow, Dorothy; Allen, Katherine B. (1979). "Thomas Alexander Kaulaahi Cleghorn". The Watumull Foundation, Oral History Project. Honolulu: The Watumull Foundation, Oral History Project: 1–82. hdl:10524/48595. OCLC 10006035.
Government offices
Preceded by
John Owen Dominis
Royal Governor of Oʻahu
1891–1893
Succeeded by
Joseph J. Fern
as Mayor of Honolulu
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