Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria (1858–1883)

Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (Maria Antonia Leopoldina Annunciata Anna Amalia Josepha Johanna Thelka; 10 January 1858 – 13 April 1883) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. She served as the Princess-Abbess of the Theresian Royal and Imperial Convent in Hradčany from 1881 until her death in 1883.

Maria Antonia
Archduchess of Austria
Princess of Tuscany
Princess-Abbess of the Imperial and Royal Theresian Institution of Noble Ladies
Reign1881 – 1883
BornMaria Antonia Leopoldina Annunciata Anna Amalia Josepha Johanna Thelka
10 January 1858
Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Died13 April 1883
Cannes, Alpes-Maritimes
French Third Republic
HouseHabsburg-Lorraine
FatherFerdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
MotherPrincess Anna of Saxony

Biography

Archduchess Maria Antonia was born on 10 January 1858 in Florence as the first child of Ferdinand, Hereditary Grand Duke of Tuscany and the only child from his first marriage to Princess Anna of Saxony.[1][2][3] Her maternal grandparents were King John of Saxony and Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, a daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. Her mother died in 1859. Later that year her father succeeded her grandfather, Leopold II, as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1860 the Grand Duchy of Tuscany was annexed into the Kingdom of Sardinia. After the annexation her family moved to Salzburg. In 1868 her father married Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma.

In 1881 Maria Antonia was appointed by Franz Joseph I of Austria to serve as the Princess-Abbess of the Imperial and Royal Theresian Institution of Noble Ladies in Hradčany.[4] She was also a 1st class Dame of the Order of the Starry Cross.[5]

She was a writer, and published works in German under the pseudonym Arno.[6]

In November 1882 she moved to Cannes in search of a better climate for her declining health, taking up residence in the Villa Félicie. She died in Cannes on 13 April 1883.[7]

References

  1. Montazio, Enrico (7 June 1870). "L'ultimo granduca di Toscana: cenni biografici, storici, aneddotici, ecc". M. Ricci via Google Books.
  2. dell'interno, Italia : Ministero (7 June 1874). "Calendario generale del Regno d'Italia". Unione tipografico-editrice via Google Books.
  3. "ANNO, Wiener Zeitung, 1858-01-12, Seite 1". anno.onb.ac.at.
  4. Friedrichs, Elisabeth (12 December 2016). "Die deutschsprachigen Schriftstellerinnen des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts: Repertorien zur deutschen Literaturgeschichte". Springer-Verlag via Google Books.
  5. "ÖNB-ALEX - Staatshandbuch". alex.onb.ac.at.
  6. Pataky, Sophie (25 February 2014). "Lexikon deutscher Frauen der Feder: Vollständiger Neusatz beider Bände in einem Buch". BoD – Books on Demand via Google Books.
  7. "Il divin salvatore periodico settimanale romano". Tip. Salviucci. 7 June 1883 via Google Books.
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