Archdeacon of St Andrews

The Archdeacon of St Andrews was the head of the Archdeaconry of St Andrews, a sub-division of the Diocese of St Andrews, from the twelfth to the seventeenth century. The position was one of the most important positions within the medieval Scottish church; because of his area's large population and high number of parish churches, the Archdeacon of St Andrews may have exercised more power than many Scottish bishops. The following is a list of known archdeacons:

List of Archdeacons of St Andrews

  • Matthew, 1147 x 1152-1172[1]
  • Walter de Roxburgh, 1173-1179 x 1188
  • Hugh de Roxburgh, 1189 x 1194-1199
  • Ranulf de Wat, 1199-1209
  • Laurence de Thorenton, 1209-1238 x 1240
  • Adam, 1240-1248
  • Abel de Golynn, 1250-1254[2]
  • William Wishart, 1254-1273[3]
  • Alpín of Strathearn, 1278[4]
  • Gregory, 1279-1295
  • John Fraser, 1296-1297
  • Roger de Kingston, 1299
  • Adam de Mauchan/Machane, 1301-1304
  • ?[5]
  • Robert de Lamberton, 1319-1323
  • James Bane, 1325-1328[3]
  • William de Lindsay 1330.
  • William de Pilmuir, 1340-1345 x 1353
  • Henry Stupy, x 1353.
  • William Wys, 1353-1354
  • William de Greenlaw, 1353-1373
    • William de Chisholm, 1367
  • John de Peebles (Peblis), 1374 -1378 x 1379
  • Andrew de Trebrun, 1378
  • Thomas Stewart, 1380-1430
  • George Newton 1430 x 1431-1433
  • Richard de Creich, 1430-1432.
  • Thomas de Myrton (Merton), 1431-1433
  • William de Foulis, 1432-1441
  • John Legat, 1443-1451
  • Hugh Kennedy, x 1452 (?), 1454
  • John Kennedy, 1454
  • Hugh Douglas, 1454-1456 x 1457
  • Walter Stewart, 1456 x 1457-1472 x 1474
  • Hugh Douglas, 1466
  • William Scheves 1472 x 1474-1478[6]
  • Robert Blackadder, 1477-1480[7]
  • Andrew Stewart, 1479
  • Alexander Inglis, 1480-1496[8]
  • Robert de Fontibus (Wells), 1497-1501
  • Alexander Stewart, 1502-1504[7]
  • Gavin Dunbar, 1504-1519[10]
  • Thomas Halkerston 1519-1521 x 1524
  • John Cantuly, 1524-1537
  • George Durie, 1526-1559[11]
  • Robert Pitcairn, 1539-1584[12]
  • George Young, 1584-1603
  • Alexander Gledstanes, 1612-1638

Notes

  1. Became Bishop of Aberdeen.
  2. Became Bishop of St Andrews.
  3. Became Bishop of St Andrews.
  4. Became Bishop of Dunblane.
  5. Seal of St Andrews archdeacon used in this year, but name unknown.
  6. Became Archbishop of St Andrews.
  7. Became Archbishop of St Andrews.
  8. Was Bishop of Dunkeld (elect) in 1483, but failed to attain the bishopric.
  9. The famous medieval philosopher; got provided after Alexander Inglis was elected as Bishop of Dunkeld; as this was unsuccessful, Inglis resumed his position as Archdeacon.
  10. Became Bishop of Aberdeen.
  11. Also Abbot of Dunfermline.
  12. Also Abbot of Dunfermline.

Bibliography

  • Watt, D.E.R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969), pp. 304-9

See also

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