Apache Velocity

Apache Velocity is a Java-based template engine that provides a template language to reference objects defined in Java code. It aims to ensure clean separation between the presentation tier and business tiers in a Web application (the model–view–controller design pattern).

Apache Velocity
Developer(s)Apache Software Foundation
Stable release
2.1 / March 31, 2019 (2019-03-31)
RepositoryVelocity Repository
Written inJava
Operating systemCross-platform
Typetemplate engine
LicenseApache License 2.0

Velocity is an open source software project hosted by the Apache Software Foundation. It is released under the Apache License. Jon Scott Stevens derived the name from the AltiVec Velocity Engine in the PowerPC G4 chip.


Some common types of applications that use Velocity are:

  • Web applications: Web developers render HTML page structures. The content is populated with dynamic information. The page is processed with VelocityViewServlet or any of a number of frameworks that support Velocity.
  • Source code generation: Velocity can be used to generate Java, SQL, or PostScript source code, based on templates. A number of open source and commercial development software packages use Velocity in this manner.[1]
  • Automatic emails: Many applications generate automatic emails for account signup, password reminders, or automatically sent reports. Using Velocity, the email template can be stored in a text file, rather than directly embedded in Java code.
  • XML transformation: Velocity provides an Ant task, called Anakia, which reads an XML file and makes it available to a Velocity template. A common application is to convert software documentation stored in a generic "xdoc" format into a styled HTML document.

Code example

The following template:

## Velocity Hello World
        #set( $foo = "Velocity" )
        ## followed by
        Hello $foo World!

processed by Velocity produces the following HTML:

        Hello Velocity World!

The syntax and overall concept of the Apache Velocity templates is similar to the syntax of the older WebMacro template engine, which is now also an open source project.

See also


  1. "PoweredByVelocity". Velocity Wiki. Wiki.apache.org. 2009-12-30. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-29.


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