Antoine, Duke of Montpensier

Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824  5 February 1890[1]) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.

Duke of Montpensier
PredecessorPrince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
SuccessorPrince Ferdinand d'Orléans
Born(1824-07-31)31 July 1824
Château de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died5 February 1890(1890-02-05) (aged 65)
Palacio de Orléans-Borbón, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain
Burial(1890-02-08)8 February 1890
SpouseInfanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
among others...
Marie Isabelle, Countess of Paris
Princess Marie Christine
Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
Full name
French: Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans
Spanish: Antonio María Felipe Luis de Orleans
FatherLouis-Philippe of France
MotherMaria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Marriage and issue

On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.

They had ten children:

  1. Maria Isabel (1848–1919), who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.
  2. Maria Amelia (1851–1870)
  3. Maria Cristina (1852–1879)
  4. Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)
  5. [?] (1857-1857)
  6. Fernando (1859–1873)
  7. Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.
  8. Felipe Raimundo Maria (1862–1864)
  9. Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons.
  10. Luis Maria Felipe Antonio (1867–1874)

Candidate for the Spanish throne

Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabel II, his own sister-in-law.

In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of King Francisco, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.

On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II. However, she died at the age of 18 without issue.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Royal styles of
HRH The Duke of Montpensier
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness
Alternative styleSir

Titles and styles

/ France

  • 31 July 1824  21 September 1824: His Serene Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 21 September 1824  9 August 1830: His Royal Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 9 August 1830  16 August 1830: His Royal Highness The Prince Antoine
  • 16 August 1830  5 February 1890: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier


  • 10 October 1846  10 October 1859: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
  • 10 October 1859  5 February 1890: His Royal Highness Infante Don Antonio, Duke of Montpensier

The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal Highness the Most Serene and Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier).



Prince Antoine did not have a personal coat of arms. He used the traditional arms of the House of Orléans, consisting of:

Azure, three fleur-de-lis Or and a label Argent

[In heraldic blazon, Azure is blue, Or is gold, and Argent is silver]

This coat of arms was first used by Philippe d'Orléans, nephew and son in law of King Louis XIV of France. As cadets of the French royal family, they bore the arms of France differenced by a label argent.



  1. Le Figaro (6 February 1890) :
  2. Almanach royal officiel, publié, exécution d'un arrête du roi, Volume 1: Tarlier, 1854, p. 37
  3. Base Léonore
  4. "Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword". Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  5. "Toison Espagnole (Spanish Fleece) - 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 31 July 1824 Died: 4 February 1890
French nobility
Title last held by
Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
Duke of Montpensier
16 August 1830 – 4 July 1890
Succeeded by
Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans
Italian nobility
Title last held by
Maria Brignole-Sale
Duke of Galliera
9 December 1888 – 4 July 1890
Succeeded by
Infante Antonio
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