Anson is a city in and the county seat of Jones County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,430 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Abilene, Texas metropolitan area. Originally named "Jones City", the town was renamed "Anson" in 1882 in honor of Anson Jones, the last president of the Republic of Texas.
Jones County Courthouse
Location of Anson, Texas
|Coordinates: 32°45′20″N 99°53′47″W|
|• Total||2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)|
|• Land||2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,729 ft (527 m)|
|• Density||880/sq mi (339.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1329566|
Anson is located in central Jones County at 32°45′20″N 99°53′47″W (32.755529, −99.896301). Three U.S. highways pass through the city. U.S. Routes 83 and 277 run north-south through the center as Commercial Avenue, while U.S. Route 180 crosses on 17th Street. US 83 leads northwest 36 miles (58 km) to Aspermont, while US 277 leads northeast 15 miles (24 km) to Stamford, and the highways together lead southeast 24 miles (39 km) to Abilene. US 180 leads east 36 miles (58 km) to Albany and west 61 miles (98 km) to Snyder.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Anson has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.2 km2), of which 2.2 acres (8,869 m2), or 0.12%, are water. The city is part of the Brazos River watershed, with the southeast corner of the city crossed by Carter Creek, and the northern part draining to Redmud Creek.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 2,556 people, 950 households, and 681 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,219.2 people per square mile (469.9/km²). The 1,089 housing units had an average density of 519.5 per square mile (200.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.82% White, 2.78% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 18.62% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 32.63% of the population.
Of the 950 households, 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were not families. About 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57, and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city, the population was distributed as 28.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,954, and for a family was $30,284. Males had a median income of $26,893 versus $19,038 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,798. About 17.0% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.
Anson is home to the "Texas Cowboys' Christmas Ball", a three-night event held the weekend before Christmas. The first ball was held by M.G. Rhodes at his Star Hotel in Anson in 1885 and annually thereafter until 1890, when the hotel burned down. The event happened sporadically until it faded away during Prohibition. Teacher and folklorist Leonora Barrett revived the event in 1940. The dance was (and still is) held in Pioneer Hall, a Works Progress Administration project from the Great Depression. Music is usually provided by Michael Martin Murphey and his band.
Anson also may or may not have been the inspiration for the movie "Footloose" and, as of 1987, still had an enforced "no dancing" law on the books that is/was only lifted for the annual Christmas dance. An effort was made in 1987 to change the ordinance to allow supervised dancing, which was successful. The conflict was the basis for the book, No Dancin' In Anson: An American Story of Race and Social Change, by University of Texas professor Ricardo Ainslie.
Anson was also the site of an Arson situation in 1893. Dr. J.W. Hayes and Jeff Suggs of Crockett, TX. had both went into town during deputy off-duty hours and setting (or attempting to,) set several houses and a line of businesses on fire.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Anson has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Anson city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- Ricci, Connie. "Anson, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Leanna Skarnulis. "Cowboys' Christmas Ball" AmericanProfile December 6–12, 2009. pp 14–16
- Climate Summary for Anson, Texas