Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne

Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne (1 August 1722 19 September 1739) was a French noblewoman and the wife of Charles de Rohan. She was Marchioness of Gordes and Countess of Moncha in her own right as well as Princess of Soubise by marriage. She died aged seventeen in childbirth.

Anne Marie Louise
Princess of Soubise
Born(1722-08-01)1 August 1722
Hôtel de Bouillon, Paris, France
Died19 September 1739(1739-09-19) (aged 17)
Hôtel de Soubise, Paris, France
Burial29 September 1739
Église de La Merci, Paris
SpouseCharles de Rohan
Issue
Detail
Charlotte, Princess of Condé
Full name
Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne
HouseLa Tour d'Auvergne
FatherEmmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne
MotherAnne Marie Christiane de Simiane

Biography

Born at the Hôtel de Bouillon to[1] Emmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne (1668–1730), Duke of Bouillon and his third wife Anne Marie Christiane de Simiane (1710-1722), she was the couple's only child. Her mother died 8 August 1722, seven days after giving birth to Anne Marie.[2]

Her father was a son of Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne and Marie Anne Mancini, the latter was a niece of Cardinal Mazarin[2] and a famous salon hostess in her day.

Styled as Mademoiselle de Bouillon, she had been promised to Charles de Rohan since the age of eleven.[3] The peerage was confiscated in 1789.[3] He was seven years older[3] than she and was the eldest son of Jules de Rohan, Prince of Soubise and Anne Julie de Melun.[4]

In 1737, she was presented at court by Marie Sophie de Courcillon[5] (1713–1756), second wife of Hercule Mériadec de Rohan her husbands grandfather. Present at her presentation was the Duchess of Tallard, her husbands great aunt and the Governess of the Children of France.

The couple were finally wed on 29 December 1734.[6] She was just twelve years old. The couple had one child born in Paris in 1737 and baptised Charlotte Élisabeth Godefride. She was presented at court by her husband's relation, the Princess of Rohan. She was the Marchioness of Gordes and Countess of Moncha, both titles she passed onto her daughter at her death. Anne Marie Louise was the heiress of her maternal family, the Simianes who were from Provence and had been hereditary Counts of Moncha, the line ending with Anne Marie's mother.

Anne Marie Louise died in Paris at the Hôtel de Soubise[2] at the age of seventeen having given birth to a son who was given the title comte de Saint-Pol; he died in 1742. Her husband went on to marry twice; secondly to Anne Thérèse de Savoie[7] and then to Victoria of Hesse-Rotenburg.

She was buried at the Église de La Merci in Paris on 29 September 1739; the Église de La Merci[8] was the traditional burial place of the Soubise line of the House of Rohan.

Issue

Ancestry

Titles and styles

  • 1 August 1722 29 December 1734 Her Highness Mademoiselle de Bouillon
  • 29 December 1734 19 September 1739 Her Highness the Princess of Soubise

References and notes

  1. Previous Hôtel de la Bazinière then bought by her grand father Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne and an extension of the present École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
  2. van de Pas, Leo. "Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
  3. Duranton, Henri. Journal de la Cour & de Paris. Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-25.
  4. Both of whom died in 1724 of smallpox
  5. d'Albert Luynes, Charles Philippe. Mémoires du duc de Luynes sur la cour de Louis XV (1735-1758) By Charles Philippe d'Albert de Luynes. Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  6. Levantal, Christophe. Ducs et pairs et duchés-pairies laïques à l'époque moderne : (1519-1790). Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-25.
  7. Daughter of Victor Amadeus, Prince of Carignan and Maria Vittoria Francesca of Savoy, the latter was an illegitimate daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes
  8. Cocula, Anne-Marie; Pontet, Josette. Itinéraires spirituels, enjeux matériels en Europe. Retrieved 2010-04-21 via Google Books.
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