Ankara Province

Ankara Province (Turkish: Ankara ili, pronounced [ˈaŋkaɾa iˈli]) is the capital province of Turkey.

Ankara Province

Ankara ili
Location of Ankara Province in Turkey
Coordinates: 39°36′N 32°30′E
CountryTurkey
RegionWest Anatolia
SubregionAnkara
Government
  Electoral districtAnkara
  GovernorVasip Şahin
Area
  Total25,706 km2 (9,925 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total5,503,985
  Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Area code(s)0312
Vehicle registration06

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1927404,720    
1940602,965+3.11%
1950819,693+3.12%
19601,321,380+4.89%
19702,041,658+4.45%
19802,854,689+3.41%
19903,236,626+1.26%
20004,007,860+2.16%
20104,007,860+0.00%
20185,503,985+4.04%
source:[2] [3]

History

The site of the modern city has been home to settlements by many historic Anatolian civilizations in antiquity and classical times, including Phrygians, Lydians, Persians and Alexander the Great, Romans, and Galatians. The city of Ankara became a fortified stronghold of the Byzantines; it fell to the Seljuk Turks and later the Ottoman Empire. It was finally chosen by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement as the site of the provisional government and the Turkish parliament in 1920, and in 1923 as the capital city of the newly declared Republic of Turkey.

Districts

Ankara has 25 districts.[4]

District Population (2017) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Akyurt 32.863 369 89
Altındağ 371.366 123 3.019
Ayaş 12.289 1.041 12
Bala 21.682 1.851 12
Beypazarı 48.476 1.697 29
Çamlıdere 7.389 782 9
Çankaya 921.999 483 1.909
Çubuk 90.063 1.198 75
Elmadağ 45.513 647 70
Etimesgut 566.500 273 2.075
Evren 2.753 222 12
Gölbaşı 130.363 1.364 96
Güdül 8.050 540 15
Haymana 27.277 2.164 13
Kahramankazan 52.079 547 95
Kalecik 12.897 1.110 12
Keçiören 917.759 159 5.772
Kızılcahamam 24.947 1.623 15
Mamak 637.935 321 1.987
Nallıhan 28.621 2.079 14
Polatlı 124.464 3.618 34
Pursaklar 142.317 169 842
Sincan 524.222 880 596
Şereflikoçhisar 33.599 2.155 16
Yenimahalle 659.603 219 3.012
Urban (9 districts)
Altındağ, Çankaya, Etimesgut, Gölbaşı, Keçiören, Mamak, Pursaklar, Sincan, Yenimahalle
4.871.884 3.991 1.221
TOTAL 5.445.026 25.632 212
District 1965[5] 1970[6] 1975[7] 1980[8] 1985[9] 1990[10] 2000[11] 2007[12] 2008[13] 2009[14] 2010[15] 2011[16] 2012[17] 2013[18] 2014[19] 2015[20] 2016[21] 2017[22]
City center130.520114.41994.96477.168no datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano data
Akyurtno datano datano datano datano data12.53518.90723.35424.98625.40126.00626.78027.20128.34929.40330.24531.54132.863
Altındağ229.228348.254526.072624.313406.948422.668407.101370.735367.812367.340365.920365.915363.744359.597361.259363.687365.842371.366
Ayaş16.93617.58118.32517.20221.76220.80621.23913.15913.50214.05713.29113.16613.08712.99713.01812.67812.27612.289
Balâ41.41542.20644.73545.15846.94037.61239.71423.50529.23923.82219.42618.86117.39723.13822.14221.61821.53321.682
Beypazarı34.29736.43537.14038.56842.00845.97751.84146.88446.76846.51446.49347.01846.73847.23447.64647.58250.43148.476
Çamlıdere19.59618.98219.44418.52118.34119.36515.3399.3299.8628.2937.2976.9936.7397.1816.7816.4796.4837.389
Çankaya496.953683.210927.809968.668667.351714.330769.331792.189785.330794.288797.109813.339832.075914.501913.715922.536919.119921.999
Çubuk47.60149.53953.11454.61657.71651.96475.11983.82680.12381.27081.74782.15682.61483.44984.63686.05587.60390.063
Elmadağ20.52623.85225.89330.35432.96738.03243.37448.01342.51142.50343.31144.14043.85643.87343.66643.77644.16645.513
Etimesgutno datano datano datano datano data70.800171.293289.601313.770347.267386.879414.739425.947469.626501.351527.959542.752566.500
Evrenno datano datano datano datano data6.9286.1674.0274.5133.8223.3433.2273.0112.9952.9012.8472.7842.753
Gölbaşıno datano datano datano data31.67143.52262.60273.67085.49988.48095.109105.006110.643115.924118.346122.288123.681130.363
Güdül18.31418.15318.91915.68819.46018.69820.93810.67610.0759.3938.9718.8918.6568.9218.6268.3928.2828.050
Haymana48.90851.25653.27556.17160.82355.52754.08739.31040.53734.91233.88632.70531.05842.56631.17628.35528.12727.277
Kalecik28.66529.78427.87128.44627.34925.04324.73817.00716.07115.14214.51713.96913.64813.67813.60413.38813.25112.897
Kahramankazanno datano datano datano datano data21.83729.69236.14738.73138.96439.53742.09043.30845.87947.22451.76450.74652.079
Keçiörenno datano datano datano data443.390536.168672.817843.535779.905796.646817.262831.229840.809848.305872.025889.876903.565917.759
Kızılcahamam42.64936.64536.68635.51332.16234.45633.62325.28825.90025.52225.20324.96624.63526.69425.76725.17925.02124.947
Mamakno datano datano datano data379.460410.359430.606503.663520.446532.873549.585558.223559.597568.396587.565607.878625.083637.935
Nallıhan31.14132.71332.76934.38935.71836.77940.67731.76831.32330.97030.57130.35130.29929.79729.28929.20928.72128.621
Polatlı63.89574.36675.33286.86595.40199.965116.400118.454110.990115.457117.473119.510119.349117.393121.101121.858122.424124.464
Pursaklarno datano datano datano datano datano datano datano data91.742100.732108.211114.833119.593123.857129.152133.961137.808142.317
Sincanno datano datano datano data59.451101.118289.783413.030434.064445.330456.420468.129479.454484.694497.516506.950517.316524.222
Şereflikoçhisar69.20175.67582.20779.33087.89360.70159.12834.80835.35335.97835.98936.07135.04234.57733.94633.72933.42033.599
Yenimahalle122.166175.528246.154330.908382.205351.436553.344614.778609.887625.826648.160668.586687.042591.462608.217632.286644.543659.603
Total1.644.3022.041.6582.585.2932.854.6893.306.3273.236.6264.007.8604.466.7564.548.9394.650.8024.771.7164.890.8934.965.5425.045.0835.150.0725.270.5755.346.5185.445.026

^ The population of the city center was not included after 1980, due to the fact that Ankara received the metropolitan status.

Geography

Ankara is mostly in the Central Anatolia region, and partly in the Black Sea region. Ankara has mountain forests to its north, and the dry plain of Konya to its south. The province is irrigated by the Kızılırmak and Sakarya River systems, the Sarıyar reservoir and many natural lakes and pools. 50% of the land is used for agriculture, 28% is forest and another 10% is meadow and grazing land. Lake Tuz, the second largest lake in Turkey, partly lies in the Şereflikoçhisar district of the province. The highest point of the province is the 2,015 meters tall Işık Mountain in the Kızılcahamam district.

Climate

The climate is hot and dry in summer, rainy in spring and autumn, cold and snowy in winter, wetter in the north of the province than the drier plains to the south. The annual precipitation in the city of Ankara located the center of the province is 415 mm (1.362 ft),[23] the annual precipitation of Kızılcahamam located in the north of the province is 592 mm (1.942 ft), and the annual precipitation of Şereflikoçhisar located in the southeast of the province is 357 mm (1.171 ft).[24][25]

See also

References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. Genel Nüfus Sayımları
  3. tuik
  4. "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 31-12-2017". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  5. "1965 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  6. "1970 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  7. "1975 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  8. "1980 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  9. "1985 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  10. "1990 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  11. "2000 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  12. "2007 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  13. "2008 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  14. "2009 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  15. "2010 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  16. "2011 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  17. "2012 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on February 20, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  18. "2013 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on February 15, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  19. "2014 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  20. "2015 population census data" (html). Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  21. "2016 population census data" (html). Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  22. "2017 population census data" (html). Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  23. "Ankara" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  24. "Kizilcahamam-Turkey". Weatherbase. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  25. "Coğrafi Yapı". Sereflikochisar.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 10 October 2014.


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