Andreas Wilhelm Schwarzlose

Andreas Wilhelm Schwarzlose (31 July 1867–1936) was a German (originally Prussian) firearm designer who is best known for designing a blowback-operated machine gun.

Andreas Wilhelm Schwarzlose
Picture of 1898 Schwarzlose semi-automatic German pistol
Andreas Wilhelm Schwarzlose

(1867-07-31)July 31, 1867
Nationality Prussia
Occupationfirearms designer
Known forSchwarzlose MG M.07/12 machine gun

Early life

Schwarzlose was born in the Berlin suburb of Charlottenburg, and served as an artilleryman and armorer in the Austro-Hungarian army. He graduated from the National Ordnance College and designed his first pistol in 1892, although it never saw production. In 1897, he opened an arms factory in Berlin which he operated until 1919 when it was shut down by the Allied Disarmament Commission.[1]

After the closing of his factory he worked as a firearms consultant until his death in 1936.[2]



  1. Farwell, Byron (2001). The Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-century Land Warfare: An Illustrated World View. W.W. Norton. p. 737. ISBN 978-0-393-04770-7.
  2. Hogg, Ian; Walter, John (29 August 2004). Pistols of the World. David & Charles. pp. 279–280. ISBN 0-87349-460-1.
  3. Peterson, Phillip (18 October 2013). Standard Catalog of Military Firearms: The Collector's Price and Reference Guide. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. pp. 34, 509. ISBN 978-1-4402-3692-1.
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