F/V Andrea Gail was a private fishing vessel that was lost at sea with all hands during the Perfect Storm of 1991. The vessel and her six-man crew had been fishing the North Atlantic Ocean out of Gloucester, Massachusetts. Her last reported position was 180 mi (290 km) northeast of Sable Island on October 28, 1991. The story of Andrea Gail and her crew was the basis of the 1997 book The Perfect Storm by Sebastian Junger, and a 2000 film adaptation of the same name.
|Owner:||Sea Gale Corp., Gloucester, Massachusetts|
|Port of registry:||United States|
|Route:||United States of America|
|Builder:||Eastern Shipbuilding, Panama City, FL|
|Out of service:||October 28, 1991|
|Fate:||Lost in the 1991 Perfect Storm|
|Length:||72 feet (22 m)|
|Beam:||20 feet (6.1 m)|
|Depth:||9.8 feet (3.0 m)|
|Installed power:||1 CAT 3408 -365 hp turbo diesel reduction engine(main), 1 CAT 35 Kw generator, 1 Lister 15 Kw Generator|
|Propulsion:||1 single shaft propeller|
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
|Notes:||Sister ship: Hannah Boden|
F/V Andrea Gail
Andrea Gail was a 72-foot (22 m) commercial fishing vessel constructed in Panama City, Florida, in 1978, and owned by Robert Brown. Her home port was Marblehead, Massachusetts. She also sailed from Gloucester, Massachusetts, where she would offload her catch and reload food and stores for her next run.
Lost at sea
Andrea Gail began her final voyage departing from Gloucester Harbor, Massachusetts, on September 20, 1991, bound for the Grand Banks of Newfoundland off the coast of eastern Canada. After poor fishing, Captain Frank W. "Billy" Tyne Jr. headed east to the Flemish Cap, where he believed they would have better luck. Despite weather reports warning of dangerous conditions, Tyne set course for home on October 26–27. The ship's ice machine was malfunctioning and would not have been able to maintain the catch for much longer.
The last reported transmission from Andrea Gail was at about 6:00 p.m. on October 28, 1991. Tyne radioed Linda Greenlaw, captain of the Hannah Boden, owned by the same company, and gave his coordinates as 44°00′N 56°40′W, or about 162 mi (261 km) east of Sable Island. He also gave a weather report indicating 30-foot (9.1 m) seas and wind gusts up to 80 knots (150 km/h; 92 mph). Tyne's final recorded words were "She's comin' on, boys, and she's comin' on strong." Junger reported that the storm created waves in excess of 100 ft (30 m) in height, but ocean buoy monitors recorded a peak wave height of 39 ft (12 m), and so waves of 100 ft were deemed "unlikely" by Science Daily. However, data from a series of weather buoys in the general vicinity of the vessel's last known location recorded peak wave action exceeding 60 ft (18 m) in height from October 28 through 30, 1991.
On October 30, 1991, the vessel was reported overdue. An extensive air and land search was launched by the 106th Rescue Wing from the New York Air National Guard, United States Coast Guard and Canadian Coast Guard forces. The search would eventually cover over 186,000 square nautical miles (640,000 km2).
On November 6, 1991, Andrea Gail's emergency position-indicating radio beacon (EPIRB) was discovered washed up on the shore of Sable Island in Nova Scotia. The EPIRB was designed to automatically send out a distress signal upon contact with sea water, but the Canadian Coast Guard personnel who found the beacon "did not conclusively verify whether the control switch was in the on or off position". Authorities called off the search for the missing vessel on November 9, 1991, due to the low probability of crew survival.
All six of the crew were lost at sea.
- Frank William "Billy" Tyne Jr. (Captain), aged 37, Gloucester, Massachusetts
- Michael "Bugsy" Moran, aged 36, Bradenton Beach, Florida
- Dale R. "Murph" Murphy, aged 30, Bradenton Beach, Florida
- Alfred Pierre, aged 32, New York City
- Robert F. "Bobby" Shatford, aged 30, Gloucester, Massachusetts
- David "Sully" Sullivan, aged 29, New York City
In the media
- The story of Andrea Gail and her crew inspired Sebastian Junger's 1997 book, The Perfect Storm, and a 2000 film of the same name. A ship similar to Andrea Gail, Lady Grace, was used during the filming of the movie.
- An illustrated nonfiction book about the disaster for middle school-age youth, The Wreck of the Andrea Gail: Three Days of a Perfect Storm by Gillian Houghton, was published in 2003.
- A model of Andrea Gail built by Paul Gran is on display at the Cape Ann Museum in Gloucester.
- Junger, Sebastian (1999). The Perfect Storm. p. 29. ISBN 0-06-097747-7.
- U.S. Coast Guard investigation report
- Houghton, Gillian (2002). The Wreck of the Andrea Gail: Three Days of a Perfect Storm. Rosen Publishing Group.
- "Meteorologists Say 'Perfect Storm' Not So Perfect". ScienceDaily. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "The search for the Andrea Gail: Gloucester Daily Times". Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- "Court Revives 'Perfect Storm' Lawsuit". St. Petersburg Times Online. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- "-perfect-storm's"-"andrea-gail"-comes-home-massachusetts "The Perfect Storm's Andrea Gail Comes Home to Massachusetts". Warner Bros. July 14, 2000. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Candus Thomson (June 23, 2000). "Ocean City boat sails off to stardom". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- "The Wreck of the Andrea Gail: Three Days of a Perfect Storm". Rosen Publishing. 2003. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
- Morissette, Dove (September 12, 2012). "True to Form: Model Maker Crafts Museum Replica of Andrea Gail". Gloucester Times. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
- U.S. Investigation into the Disappearance of the Andrea Gail, U.S. Coast Guard
- Junger, Sebastian. The Perfect Storm: A True Story of Men Against the Sea. HarperCollins, 1997.
- Lost at sea report, City of Gloucester Government