André Guinier (1 August 1911 – 3 July 2000) was a French physicist who did important work in the field of X-ray diffraction and solid-state physics. He worked at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, then taught at the University of Paris and later at the University of Paris-Sud in Orsay, where he co-founded the Laboratory of Solid State Physics. He was elected to the French Academy of Sciences in 1971 and won the Gregori Aminoff Prize in 1985.
|Born||1 August 1911|
|Died||3 July 2000 88)(aged|
|Alma mater||École Normale Supérieure|
|Known for||X-ray crystallography, Guinier camera, Guinier's Law|
|Awards||Gregori Aminoff Prize (1985)|
|Institutions||Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM), University of Paris, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)|
|Doctoral advisor||Charles Mauguin|
In the field of small-angle scattering he discovered the relationship of particle size to intensity which is called Guinier's Law. He developed the Guinier camera for use in X-ray diffraction and contributed to the development of the electron microprobe by Raimond Castaing.
- Guinier, André (1955) Small-angle scattering of X-rays. OCLC number: 01646250.
- Guinier, André (1963). "X-ray Diffraction. In Crystals, Imperfect Crystals, and Amorphous Bodies". W. H. Freeman and Co.
- Obituary published in Acta Crystallographica
- Ravy S. André Guinier (1911–2000): a physicist among crystallographers //Physica Scripta. – 2015. – Т. 90. – №. 3. – С. 38001-38004.