Anconine Republic

The Anconine Republic (Italian: Repubblica Anconitana) was a revolutionary municipality formed on 19 November 1797. It came about after a French victory at Ancona in February 1797, and the consequent occupation of the city.[1] It existed in the region of Marche, with Ancona serving as its capital. Despite the Treaty of Campo Formio stating that Ancona and the surrounding region had to be returned to the Papal States, the municipality proclaimed the decadence of papal rule, under French protection. The subsequent tension led to general conflict with Pope Pius VI and the French occupation of the whole of the Papal States. Ancona was incorporated into the Roman Republic on 7 March 1798. It had a consul as its head.

Anconine Republic

Repubblica Anconitana (Italian)
Flag of the Repubblica Anconitana. The yellow and the red are the colours of the city, while the blue was adopted as a symbol of the bond to the French Republic
Map of Ancona within modern Italy
Common languagesItalian
Roman Catholicism
Historical eraFrench Revolutionary Wars
17 November 1797
7 March 1798
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Papal States
Roman Republic (18th century)
Today part of Italy

Ancona is now a province of Italy, in the central part of the country on the Adriatic Sea.


  1. Philip's Atlas of World History

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