In coordination chemistry, anation is the "replacement of the ligand water by an anion in a coordination entity." The term is however used more loosely to include displacement of any neutral ligand by an anion. The reaction is pervasive in coordination chemistry. The reverse reaction, displacement of an anionic ligand by water, is called aquation.
- [Co(NH3)5(H2O)]3+ + Br− → [Co(NH3)5Br]2+ + H2O
The mechanism of such reactions often invoke ion-pairing of the entering anion in the second coordination sphere followed by dissociation of the aquo ligand]].
- IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book") (1997). Online corrected version: (2006–) "anation". doi:10.1351/goldbook.AT06766
- Ghosh, M. C.; Bhattacharya, P.; Banerjee, P., "Anation Reactions of Cobalt(Iii) Complexes", Coordination Chemistry Reviews 1988, 91, 1-34. doi:10.1016/0010-8545(88)80012-2