Amfetaminil

Amfetaminil (also known as amphetaminil, N-cyanobenzylamphetamine,[1] and AN-1; brand name Aponeuron) is a stimulant drug derived from amphetamine, which was developed in the 1970s and used for the treatment of obesity,[2] ADHD,[3][4] and narcolepsy.[5] It has largely been withdrawn from clinical use following problems with abuse.[6] The drug is a prodrug to amphetamine.[7][8]

Amfetaminil
Clinical data
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
  • DE: Anlage II (Authorized trade only, not prescriptible)
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
KEGG
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard100.037.767
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC17H18N2
Molar mass250.338 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
 NY (what is this?)  (verify)

Stereochemistry

Amfetaminil is a molecule with two stereogenic centers. Thus, four different stereoisomers exist:

  • (R)-2-[(R)-1-Phenylpropan-2-ylamino]-2-phenylacetonitrile (CAS-Nr. 478392-08-4)
  • (S)-2-[(S)-1-Phenylpropan-2-ylamino]-2-phenylacetonitrile (CAS-Nr. 478392-12-0)
  • (R)-2-[(S)-1-Phenylpropan-2-ylamino]-2-phenylacetonitrile (CAS-Nr. 478392-10-4)
  • (S)-2-[(R)-1-Phenylpropan-2-ylamino]-2-phenylacetonitrile (CAS-Nr. 478392-14-2)

References

  1. I.K. Morton; Judith M. Hall (6 December 2012). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: Properties and Synonyms. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 13–. ISBN 978-94-011-4439-1.
  2. Harris LS. The stimulants and hallucinogens under consideration: a brief overview of their chemistry and pharmacology. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 1986; 17:107.
  3. Meyer-Probst B, Vehreschild T. Influencing the lack of concentration in hyperkinetic schoolchildren with Aponeuron. Psychiatrie, Neurologie und Medizinische Psychologie (Leipz) 1976; 28:491.
  4. Paclt I, Florian J, Brunclikova J, Ruzickova I. Effect of Aponeuron in the treatment of children with hyperkinetic syndrome. (Czech). Ceska a Slovenska Psychiatrie. 1996 May;92 Suppl 1:41-57.
  5. Schlesser JL. Drugs Available Abroad - A Guide to Therapeutic Drugs Approved Outside the US. MEDEX Books, Detroit, 1991.
  6. Winter E. Drug abuse and dependence of the amphetamine type with special regard to Amphetaminil (Aponeuron(R)). (German). Psychiatrie, Neurologie und Medizinische Psychologie (Leipzig). 1976 Sep;28(9):513-25.
  7. Amitava Dasgupta (2 July 2012). Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: A Comprehensive Guide. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 96–. ISBN 978-1-118-34785-0.
  8. AHC Media, LLC (17 March 2014). Pediatric Trauma Care II: A clinical reference for physicians and nurses caring for the acutely injured child. AHC Media, LLC. pp. 118–. ISBN 978-1-934863-59-6.
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