American 21-inch torpedo

There have been a number of 21 inch torpedoes in service with the United States. These have been used on ships and submarines of the US Navy. American "21 inch" torpedoes are 533 millimetres (21.0 in) in diameter.

Ship classes that carried 21 inch torpedoes include:

Name Country In service date Platform / target Dimensions Warhead Propulsion Performance
Mark 1 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US1904-1922Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:16.4 ft (5.0 m)
Weight:1,500 lb (680 kg)
200 lb (91 kg)
Guncotton
Single vertical turbine wheelSpeed:27 kn (50 km/h)
Range:4,000 yd (3.7 km)
Mark 2 (Bliss-Leavitt) US1905-1922Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:16.4 ft (5.0 m)
Weight:1,500 lb (680 kg)
200 lb (91 kg)
Guncotton
Turbine (contra-rotating)Speed:26 kn (48 km/h)
Range:3,500 yd (3.2 km)
Mark 3 (Bliss-Leavitt) US1906-1922Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:16.4 ft (5.0 m)
Weight:1,500 lb (680 kg)
200 lb (91 kg)
Guncotton
Turbine (contra-rotating)Speed:26 kn (48 km/h)
Range:4,000 yd (3.7 km)
Mark 8 (Bliss-Leavitt) US1911-1945Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:21.3 ft (6.5 m)
Weight:2,600 lb (1,200 kg)
Mk.8 Mod 4
466 lb (211 kg)
TNT
TurbineSpeed:36 kn (67 km/h)
Range:16,000 yd (15,000 m)
Mark 9 (Bliss-Leavitt) US1915-1945Surface & submarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:16.4 ft (5.0 m)
Weight:2,015 lb (914 kg)
Mk.9
210 lb (95 kg)
TNT
TurbineSpeed:27 kn (50 km/h)
Range:7,000 yd (6,400 m)
Mark 10 US1915-1945Submarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:16.2 ft (4.9 m)
Weight:2,215 lb (1,005 kg)
Mk.10 Mod.3
497 lb (225 kg)
TNT
Steam turbineSpeed:36 kn (67 km/h)
Range:3,500 yd (3,200 m)
Mark 11 US1926-1945Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:22.6 ft (6.9 m)
Weight:3,511 lb (1,593 kg)
Mk.11
500 lb (230 kg)
TNT
TurbineLow:27 kn (50 km/h)
Range:15,000 yd (14,000 m)
Medium:34 kn (63 km/h)
Range:10,000 yd (9,100 m)
High:46 kn (85 km/h)
Range:6,000 yd (5,500 m)
Mark 12 US1928-1945Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:22.6 ft (6.9 m)
Weight:3,505 lb (1,590 kg)
Mk.11
500 lb (230 kg)
TNT
TurbineLow:27.5 kn (50.9 km/h)
Range:15,000 yd (14,000 m)
Medium:35.5 kn (65.7 km/h)
Range:10,000 yd (9,100 m)
High:44 kn (81 km/h)
Range:7,000 yd (6,400 m)
Mark 14 US1938Submarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,209 lb (1,456 kg)
Mk.16 Mod.6
643 lb (292 kg)
HBX
TurbineLow:31.1 kn (57.6 km/h)
Range:9,000 yd (8,200 m)
High:46.3 kn (85.7 km/h)
Range:4,500 yd (4,100 m)
Mark 15 US1938-1956Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:24 ft (7.3 m)
Weight:3,841 lb (1,742 kg)
Mk.7 Mod.3
825 lb (374 kg)
HBX
TurbineLow:26.5 kn (49.1 km/h)
Range:15,000 yd (14,000 m)
Medium:33.5 kn (62.0 km/h)
Range:10,000 yd (9,100 m)
High:45 kn (83 km/h)
Range:6,000 yd (5,500 m)
Mark 16 US1943-1975Submarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:4,000 lb (1,800 kg)
Mk.16 Mod.7
746 lb (338 kg)
HBX
TurbineSpeed:46.2 kn (85.6 km/h)
Range:11,000 yd (10,000 m)
Mark 17 US1944-1950Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:24 ft (7.3 m)
Weight:4,600 lb (2,100 kg)
Mk.17 Mod.3
879.5 lb (398.9 kg)
HBX
TurbineSpeed:46 kn (85 km/h)
Range:18,000 yd (16,000 m)
Mark 18 US1943-1950Submarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.4 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,154 lb (1,431 kg)
Mk.18 Mod.3
575 lb (261 kg)
HBX
ElectricSpeed:29 kn (54 km/h)
Range:4,000 yd (3,700 m)
Mark 19 USSubmarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,240 lb (1,470 kg)
Mk.20
800 lb (360 kg)
Torpex
Electric, secondary batterySpeed:29 kn (54 km/h)
Range:4,000 yd (3,700 m)
Mark 20 USSubmarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,100 lb (1,400 kg)
Mk.20
500 lb (230 kg)
TNT
Electric motorSpeed:33 kn (61 km/h)
Range:3,500 yd (3.2 km)
Mark 22 USSubmarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,060 lb (1,390 kg)
500 lb (230 kg)
HBX
ElectricSpeed:29 kn (54 km/h)
Range:4,000 yd (3.7 km)
Mark 23 US1943-1946Submarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,259 lb (1,478 kg)
Mk.16 Mod.6
643 lb (292 kg)
HBX
TurbineSpeed:46.3 kn (85.7 km/h)
Range:4,500 yd (4.1 km)
Mark 26 USSubmarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,200 lb (1,500 kg)
Mk.26
410–450 kg (900–1,000 lb)
HBX
Electric, seawater batterySpeed:40 kn (74 km/h)
Range:6,000 yd (5.5 km)
Mark 28 US1944-1960Submarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:2,800 lb (1,300 kg)
Mk.28 Mod.2
585 lb (265 kg)
HBX
ElectricSpeed:19.6 kn (36.3 km/h) for 6 minutes at 4,000 yd (3.7 km)
Mark 29 USSubmarine / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:3,200 lb (1,500 kg)
Mk.28 Mod.2
550 lb (250 kg)
HBX
ElectricLow:21 kn (39 km/h)
Range:12,000 yd (11,000 m)
High:28 kn (52 km/h)
Range:4,000 yd (3,700 m)
Mark 31 USSurface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:2,800 lb (1,300 kg)
Mk.31
500 lb (230 kg)
HBX
ElectricSpeed:29 kn (54 km/h)
Range:4,000 yd (3.7 km)
Mark 33 Mod 0 USSubmarine & Aircraft / Submarine & surfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:6.9 ft (2.1 m)
Weight:1,795 lb (814 kg)
550 lb (250 kg)
HBX
ElectricLow:12.5 kn (23.2 km/h)
Range:19,000 yd (17,000 m)
High:18.5 kn (34.3 km/h)
Range:5,000 yd (4,600 m)
Mark 35 US1949-1960Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:6.9 ft (2.1 m)
Weight:1,770 lb (800 kg)
Mk.35 Mod.2 or 3
270 lb (120 kg)
HBX
Electric, primary seawater batterySpeed:27 kn (50 km/h)
Range:15,000 yd (14 km)
Mark 36 Mod 0 US1949-1960Surface / SurfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:20.5 ft (6.2 m)
Weight:4,000 lb (1,800 kg)
Mk.36
800 lb (360 kg)
HBX-1
ElectricSpeed:47 kn (87 km/h)
Range:7,000 yd (6.4 km)
Mark 41 Mod 0 US1950-1959Aircraft / SubmarineDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:10 ft (3.0 m)
Weight:1,327 lb (602 kg)
Mk.41
150 lb (68 kg)
HBX
Electric, seawater batterySpeed:25 kn (46 km/h)
Range:8,000 yd (7.3 km)
Mark 45 Mod 1 US1963-1976Submarine / Submarine & surfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)
Length:18.9 ft (5.8 m)
Weight:2,400 lb (1,100 kg)
NuclearElectricSpeed:40 kn (74 km/h)
Range:15,000 yd (14 km)
Mark 48 US1972-presentSubmarine / Submarine & surfaceDiameter:21 in (53 cm)650 lbsPiston engine, pump jet

See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.