Ambrosini S.7

The Ambrosini SAI.7 was an Italian racing aircraft flown before World War II that entered production as a military trainer (designated simply S.7) after the war. It was of conventional configuration, constructed of wood, with a tail wheel undercarriage. Power was provided by an air-cooled inverted inline engine, the Alfa-Romeo model 115 with 225 horsepower.

S.7
Role Racing aircraft
Manufacturer Ambrosini
Designer Sergio Stefanutti
First flight July 1939
Primary users Regia Aeronautica
Italian Air Force
Number built 10 + 2 prototypes SAI Ambrosini 7 (Wartime)[1]
145 Ambrosini S.7 (Postwar)[2]
Variants Ambrosini SAI.207
Developed into Ambrosini Sagittario

Development

The SAI.7 was built to compete in the IV Avioraduno del Littorio rally, which departed Rimini on 15 July 1939. As equipped for the race, the two SAI.7s were fitted with special glazed fairings extending from the canopy to the nose of the aircraft, to provide extra streamlining. The aircraft began their proving flights too late, and were disqualified from the competition, but on August 27, one of them set a new world airspeed record for a 100 km closed loop, which it completed at 403.9 km/h (252 mph) powered by a Hirth HM 508D.

During the war, the Regia Aeronautica expressed interest in the aircraft as a trainer for fighter pilots, and a slightly revised version entered limited production in 1943 as the SAI.7T. Only 10 were built, but in 1949 a modernised version powered by an Alfa Romeo engine was produced, 145 of them for the re-formed Italian Air Force, including some single-seaters. On 21 December 1951 Leonardo Bonzi set new airspeed records in one over 100 km and 1000 km, at 367.36 km/h and 358.63 km/h respectively.

The final stage in the S.7's development was the Supersette (Super 7), two standard S.7s, one re-engined with a 380 hp de Havilland Gipsy Queen with a unique four-piece cowling that opened like a "flower petal",[3] the other with an Alfa Romeo 121. Both were modified and refined several times, and in the latter aircraft, Guidantonio Ferrari increased the international airspeed record for this category of aircraft to 419.482 km/h at Rome on December 3, 1952. Despite this, the air force was no longer interested in buying piston-engined trainers, and no further Supersettes were built. Both are preserved in museums.

An S.7 fuselage was also used as the basis for the Ambrosini Sagittario, which tested swept wing configurations.

Variants

SAI.7
original racing aircraft
SAI.7T
World War II trainer.
S.7
Post-war trainer, touring aircraft.
Super S.7 Supersette
Two prototypes of an improved, armed trainer.

Operators

 Kingdom of Italy
Regia Aeronautica - (Wartime) operated 10 SAI Ambrosini 7 delivered from August 1942 until August 1943[4]
 Italy
Aeronautica Militare Italiana - (Postwar) operated 145 Ambrosini S.7 until 1960s[2]

Specifications (S.7)

Data from The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft[5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 8.17 m (26 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.79 m (28 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 12.8 m2 (138 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,105 kg (2,436 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,317 kg (2,903 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Alfa Romeo 115-ter 6-cylinder inverted air-cooled in-line piston engine, 168 kW (225 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 358 km/h (222 mph, 193 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 264 km/h (164 mph, 143 kn) (econ.)
  • Stall speed: 115 km/h (71 mph, 62 kn) [6]
  • Never exceed speed: 596 km/h (370 mph, 322 kn) [6]
  • Range: 1,000 km (620 mi, 540 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,250 m (17,220 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.6 m/s (1,100 ft/min)

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References

  1. Stocchetti, R. "SAI Ambrosini 7, Aerei militari, Schede tecniche aerei militari italiani e storia degli aviatori". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. "Aerei-Italiani.net Schede Tecniche Aeromobili Militari Dal Secondo Dopoguerra Aerei Italiani". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  3. "none". Flying Magazine: 39. August 1954.
  4. Stocchetti, R. "SAI Ambrosini 7, Aerei militari, Schede tecniche aerei militari italiani e storia degli aviatori". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  5. Donald 1997, p. 47.
  6. Smith 1951, p.227.

Further reading

  • "none". The Aeroplane. 8 August 1952. pp. 188–191.
  • Donald, David (Editor) (1997). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Leicester, UK: Blitz Editions. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Smith, Maurice A. (24 August 1951). "Ambrosini S.7 in the air". Flight. Vol. LX no. 2222. pp. 224–227.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 57.
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