Altaba

Altaba Inc. was a non-diversified, closed-end management investment company based in New York City[2] that was formed from the remains of Yahoo! Inc. after Verizon acquired Yahoo's Internet business.[3] Verizon completed its acquisition on June 13, 2017, and put the assets under a new subsidiary named Yahoo! Holdings within its newly created division, Oath.[4] After the transaction, Yahoo! Inc. had no operating business but retained its cash holdings, partnership investments and bond portfolio, as well as certain patents that Verizon did not purchase. It reorganized as an investment fund and changed its name to Altaba Inc. on June 16.[5][6][7] The only Yahoo! - branded interest held by Altaba was its stake in the joint venture Yahoo! Japan, which it sold to the SoftBank Group in late 2018.[8][9]

Altaba Inc.
Formerly
Yahoo! Inc. (1995 – 2017)
Public
Traded asNASDAQ: AABA
ISINUS9843321061 
IndustryInvestment company
FateLiquidated
PredecessorYahoo!
FoundedMarch 2, 1995 (1995-03-02) (as Yahoo!)
June 17, 2017 (2017-06-17) (as Altaba)
FounderJerry Yang
David Filo
DefunctOctober 4, 2019 (2019-10-04)
Headquarters
New York City, New York
,
United States
Key people
Thomas J. McInerney (President and CEO)
Revenue$333 million[1] (2018)
SubsidiariesExcalibur IP, LLC
Websitewww.altaba.com

History

1994–2017: Yahoo! Inc.

In January 1994, Jerry Yang and David Filo, who were Electrical Engineering graduate students, created a website named "Jerry and David's Guide to the World Wide Web". The Guide was a directory of other websites, organized in a hierarchy, as opposed to a searchable index of pages. In April 1994, Jerry and David's Guide to the World Wide Web was renamed "Yahoo!".[10][11] The word "YAHOO" is a backronym for "Yet Another Hierarchically Organized Oracle"[12] or "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle."[13] The yahoo.com domain was created on January 18, 1995.[14]

Yahoo! grew rapidly throughout the 1990s and diversified into a web portal, followed by numerous high-profile acquisitions. The company's stock price skyrocketed during the dot-com bubble and closed at an all-time high of US$118.75 in 2000;[15] however, after the dot-com bubble burst, it reached an all-time low of US$8.11 in 2001.[16] Yahoo! formally rejected an acquisition bid from the Microsoft Corporation in 2008.[17] In early 2012, the largest layoff in Yahoo!'s history was completed and 2,000 employees (14 percent of the workforce) lost their jobs.[18]

Carol Bartz replaced co-founder Jerry Yang as CEO in January 2009,[19] but was fired by the board of directors in September 2011; Tim Morse was appointed as interim CEO following Bartz's departure.[20] Former PayPal president Scott Thompson became CEO in January 2012 and after he resigned was replaced by Ross Levinsohn as the company's interim CEO on May 13, 2012. On July 16, former Google executive Marissa Mayer, became the CEO of the company.[21]

The media reported on Yahoo!'s interest in the video streaming site Hulu on May 26, 2013. Under Mayer's leadership, Yahoo!'s bid is worth between US$600 and $800 million, as a variety of options that consist of different circumstances were put forward by the company.[22] As of May 28, 2013, Yahoo!'s videos attract 45 million unique visitors a month, while Hulu has 24 million visitors—the combination of the two audiences can place Yahoo! in the second-most popular position after Google and its subsidiary YouTube.[23]

Data collated by comScore during July 2013 revealed that more people in the U.S. visited Yahoo! websites during the month in comparison to Google websites—the occasion was the first time that Yahoo! outperformed Google since 2011. The data did not incorporate visit statistics for the Yahoo!-owned Tumblr website or mobile phone usage.[24]

On September 22, 2016, Yahoo disclosed a data breach in which hackers stole information associated with at least 500 million user accounts in late 2014.[25] According to the BBC, this was the largest technical breach reported to date.[26] Specific details of material taken include names, email addresses, telephone numbers, encrypted or unencrypted security questions and answers, dates of birth, and encrypted passwords.[27] The breach used manufactured web cookies to falsify login credentials, allowing hackers to gain access to any account without a password.[28][29][30] On December 14, 2016 a separate data breach, occurring earlier around August 2013 was reported. This breach affected over 1 billion user accounts and is again considered the largest discovered in the history of the Internet.[31]

On June 13, 2017, following the departure of Marissa Mayer, Thomas J. McInerney was appointed chairman and CEO of Yahoo! Inc.[32]

2017–2019: Altaba Inc.

On June 16, 2017, the company that remained after Verizon Communications purchased the core Internet businesses of Yahoo! Inc. was renamed Altaba Inc. The new company, listed by the Securities and Exchange Commission as a "non-diversified, closed-end management investment company,"[7][33] immediately began trading on NASDAQ under the ticker symbol AABA.[34]

In September 2018, Altaba settled three lawsuits relating to Yahoo's data breaches for $47 million.[35]

On September 17, 2018, Altaba announced the sale of their stake in Yahoo Japan Corporation for $4.3 billion.[36] On the same day, Altaba announced a $5.75 billion repurchase program.[37]

On April 3, 2019, Altaba announced in a press release that it would sell its stake in Alibaba Group and shut down.[38] The company plans on shutting down in the fourth quarter of 2019.[39]

On October 2, 2019, Altaba stopped trading on the Nasdaq at the close of the day,[40] and pursuant to its Plan of Complete Liquidation and Dissolution, filed a certificate of dissolution in its place of incorporation, Delaware, on October 4.[41] A small amount of funds will be withheld for potential Chinese taxes on the sale of its stake in the Alibaba Group.[42]

Assets

Altaba owned Excalibur IP, a patent company, controlled a significant minority interest in Alibaba Group (16.3%) until it sold its stake in 2019,[43] and maintained investments in Hortonworks, Gomaji, Envestnet, Rimage Corporation, SeatGeek, Protagenic Therapeutics, Eastman Kodak Company, and Paperless Post.[44] The Fund’s external investment advisors included BlackRock Advisors, LLC and Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC.

The company divested itself of all holdings in Snap Inc. (the owner of Snapchat)[45] and Yahoo! Japan.[46]

References

  1. Form N-CSR. February 27, 2019
  2. "Yahoo Completes Sale Of Operating Business; Company To Be Re-Named Altaba And Register As Investment Company". TheStreet.com. June 13, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  3. Natalie Walters (January 10, 2017). "Yahoo! Set to Thrive Under New Altaba Name Thanks to Alibaba Stake". TheStreet.com. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  4. Kharpal, Arjun (June 13, 2017). "Verizon completes acquisition of Yahoo as Marissa Mayer resigns". CNBC. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  5. "Altaba Announces 2017 Annual Meeting of Stockholders". Business Wire. June 16, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  6. "Business Search - Business Entities - Business Programs - California Secretary of State". businesssearch.sos.ca.gov. June 16, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  7. "8-K". sec.gov. June 16, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  8. "Yahoo Completes Sale Of Operating Business; Company To Be Re-Named Altaba And Register As Investment Company". TheStreet.com. June 13, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  9. Chin, Kimberly (September 17, 2018). "Altaba Sells Remaining Yahoo Japan Shares". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  10. David G. Thomson (2006). Blueprint to a Billion. Wiley-Interscience. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-471-77918-6.
  11. Ethan Trex. "Jerry and David's Guide to the World Wide Web becomes "Yahoo!"". Blogs.static.mentalfloss.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  12. Gaffin, Adam (September 11, 1995). "Hello, Is Anyone Out There?". Network World.
  13. "The History of Yahoo! – How It All Started..." Yahoo! Media Relations. 2005. Archived from the original on April 2, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  14. "WHOIS information for: yahoo.com:". networksolutions.com.
  15. Simon Holland (July 2012). "Yahoo: An 18-year timeline of events". PerformanceIN. PerformanceIN. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  16. Linder, Karen (2012). The Women of Berkshire Hathaway. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. p. 199. ISBN 9781118182628. Retrieved May 27, 2013. Shortly after the 9/11 attacks, on September 26, 2001, Yahoo!'s stock hit its all-time low of $8.11.
  17. "Yahoo rejects Microsoft approach". BBC News Online. February 11, 2008. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
  18. "Yahoo lays off 2,000 employees". Reuters. April 4, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  19. "Job cuts help Yahoo profits surge". BBC News. October 21, 2009.
  20. AP (September 16, 2011). "Tim Morse, Interim Yahoo CEO, Gets 25 Percent Raise To $750,000". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  21. ANDREW ROSS SORKIN; EVELYN M. RUSLI (July 16, 2012). "A Yahoo Search Calls Up a Chief From Google". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  22. Kara Swisher (May 26, 2013). "Yahoo's Bid for Hulu in $600M to $800M Range — Even as It Preps Other Big Deals in Mobile and Communications". All Things D. Dow Jones & Company Inc. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  23. Christopher Mims (May 28, 2013). "An $800 million bid for Hulu is safe, boring, and exactly the right move for Yahoo". Quartz. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  24. Juliet Garside (August 23, 2013). "Google overtaken by Yahoo! in US website visitors for first time in two years". The Guardian. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  25. "Yahoo Says Hackers Stole Data on 500 Million Users in 2014". New York Times. September 22, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  26. "Yahoo 'state' hackers stole data from 500 million users". BBC. September 23, 2016. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  27. "Yahoo 'state' hackers stole data from 500 million users". BBC News. September 23, 2016. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  28. "Yahoo discovered hack leading to major data breach two years before it was disclosed". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  29. "Yahoo knew of 'state-backed' hack in 2014". BBC. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  30. Newman, Lily Hay (December 14, 2016). "Hack Brief: Hackers Breach a Billion Yahoo Accounts. A Billion". Wired. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  31. Goel, Vindu (December 14, 2016). "Yahoo Says 1 Billion User Accounts Were Hacked". New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  32. "Altaba, Inc". altaba.com. June 19, 2017. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  33. "Yahoo to Become Alibaba Alter Ego with Name Change - Caixin Global". caixinglobal.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  34. "Altaba, formerly Yahoo, starts trading on Nasdaq". CNBC. June 19, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  35. "Altaba to settle lawsuits relating to Yahoo data breach for $47 million". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  36. Chin, Kimberly (September 17, 2018). "Altaba Sells Remaining Yahoo Japan Shares". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  37. Pan, Kwan Yuk (September 17, 2018). "Altaba announces new $5.75bn share buyback programme". Financial Times. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  38. "Altaba Announces Board Approval of Plan of Complete Liquidation and Dissolution". www.businesswire.com. April 2, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  39. Russell, Jon (April 3, 2019). "Yahoo spin-out Altaba is selling its entire Alibaba stake and closing down". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  40. https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/a-surprise-ruling-puts-altaba-stocks-future-trading-in-limbo-2019-10-02. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  41. "Altaba Files Certificate of Dissolution". Business Wire. October 4, 2019. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  42. Bary, Andrew (September 24, 2019). "Altaba Finally Rewards Its Shareholders. But the Ultimate Payoff Is Uncertain". Barron's. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  43. Paul R. La Monica (June 19, 2017). "Verizon and all new Oath Inc. Story of Yahoo, AOL and Altaba". CNN Money. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  44. "Holdings". Altaba. Archived from the original on July 31, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  45. "The Company Formerly Known as Yahoo Just Gave Up on Snapchat". Fortune. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  46. "SEC Filing | Altaba Inc". www.altaba.com.
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