Alphonse Henri d'Hautpoul

Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul (4 January 1789 – 27 July 1865) was Prime Minister of France from 31 October 1849 to 10 April 1851 during the French Second Republic.

Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul
22nd Prime Minister of France
In office
31 October 1849  10 April 1851
PresidentNapoleon III
Preceded byOdilon Barrot
Succeeded byLéon Faucher
Personal details
Born(1789-01-04)4 January 1789
Versailles, France
Died27 July 1865(1865-07-27) (aged 76)
Paris, France
Political partyNone


d'Hautpoul was born in Versailles and educated at the military school of Fontainebleau. As a lieutenant in the 59th Regiment he took part in the German campaign of 1806 and in the Polish campaign of 1807. In 1808 he was sent to serve in Spain where he fought in the Peninsular War until 1812.

On 22 July 1812 he was wounded and taken prisoner in the Battle of Salamanca. Released from captivity in May 1814, he was promoted to command of a battalion. After Napoléon's return from Elba he served as aide-de-camp to the Duke of Angoulême. Promoted to colonel in October 1815, he was given command of the Legion of the Aude (4th Line Regiment). In 1823 he was promoted to brigadier-general and given command of the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the Royal Guard, with which partook in the 1823 Spanish campaign. In 1830 d'Hautpoul was elected deputy for the Aude (1830–1838). He was appointed director of the war administration for 4 months in 1830.

Promoted to lieutenant-general in 1841, he fought the following two years in Algeria.

Appointed to the Peerage of France in 1848, he was appointed minister of War and President of the Council in 1849. He resigned after incidents between supporters and opposition of Bonaparte and returned to Algeria as governor-general.

See also

  • List of Prime Ministers of France


Political offices
Preceded by
Odilon Barrot
Prime Minister of France
31 October 1849 – 10 April 1851
Succeeded by
Léon Faucher
Preceded by
Joseph Marcellin Rulhières
Minister of War
31 October 1849 – 22 October 1850
Succeeded by
Jean-Paul, comte de Schramm
Preceded by
Viala Charon
Governor General of Algeria
22 October 1850 to 10 May 1851
Succeeded by
Aimable Pélissier
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