Alma Massacre


The Chiricahua Apache raiding party was led by Victorio during his 1879–1880 guerrilla action. The party first attacked a silver mine near the present day town of Cooney, in the Mogollon Mountains on April 28, 1880. At the mining camp, they killed three. They then caught up to three men fleeing the area, one of whom was Sergeant Cooney, killing them all. Following the initial attack, the Apaches went on to kill another thirty-five people in the area, mainly sheepherders and their families. Victorio and his men left the region when U.S. Army troopers from Fort Bayard arrived.[1]


There have been two memorials erected to commemorate the events. Sergeant Cooney's brother and others dynamited out a rock tomb where they buried him.[1] In April 1980, Dave Foreman and Earth First! erected a monument in the Gila Wilderness to honor Victorio's defense of the mountains, crediting the memorial to the non-existent "New Mexico Patriotic Heritage Society."[2]


  1. (nd) "The 'Alma Massacre' at Alma, New Mexico" from the WPA Writers Project, archived 7 October 2008 by Internet Archive
  2. Wall, D. (1999) Earth First! and the Anti-roads Movement: Radical Environmental Movements and Comparative Social Movements; (at Google Books); Routledge; London; pp. 43-44; ISBN 978-0-415-19063-3; citing Manes, Christopher (1990) Green Rage: Radical Environmentalism and the Unmaking of Civilization; Little, Brown and Company; Boston, Massachusetts; page 73; ISBN 0-316-54513-9; accessed ???.

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