Alice Springs Town Camps
Alice Springs Town Camps officially called Alice Springs Community Living Areas are Aboriginal communities within Alice Springs in the Northern Territory of Australia. Their origins vary. Many were originally designed to accommodate people visiting Alice Springs from remote communities but, for many, they have become a permanent and often generational home.
Alice Springs Town Camps began as early as the 1880s when Europeans first came to Central Australia following John McDouall Stuart's expedition, which was soon followed by pastoralists and, from 1872, the telegraph line and the establishment of the Alice Springs Telegraph Station. As a direct result this Aboriginal people were forced from their lands and their camps, then called fringe camps, initially served as convenient ration distribution points and labour camps.
By the 1900s opposition to the camps grew and various measures were attempted to remove them, including forced 'evacuations' to surrounding missions, like the Sacred Heart Mission at Arltunga, 1929 and 1960. The township of Alice Springs was also declared a prohibited area for Aboriginal people from 1929-1960.
However, things changed in the 1970s when town campers begun demanding land tender, shelter and services and, in 1977, when they established the town camp governing body Tangentyere Council. Tangentyere is an Arrernte word meaning 'all speaking together'.
There are now between 1600 - 2000 people living in town camps permanently, many of whom receive many visitors from remote communities. The number of people living in the camps can almost double during major events in Alice Springs like the football carnival and the Alice Springs Show.
Existing Town Camps
The following aims to be a comprehensive list of town camps:
|Town Camp Name||Alternative Name||Pronunciation||Meaning||Language||Tenure|
|Mpwetyerre||Abbotts, BP||UM-BUTCHER-RAH||Place name||Arrernte, Warlpiri, Luritja, Pitjantjatjara||Special purpose lease|
|Basso's Farm||Place name||Arrernte, Kaytetye, Anmatyerre, Alywarre||Special purpose lease|
|Anthelk Ewlpaye||Charles Creek, Kunoth||UN-DERLK OOL-PIE||Gum leaf||Arrernte, Anmatyerre||Special purpose lease|
|Ilperle Tyathe||Warlpiri||ILP-ERL-A-CHATA||Ta Away/Ti Tree||Warlpiri||Special purpose lease|
|Karnte||KARNTA||Women's head dress||Luritja, Pitjantatjara||Crown lease|
|Hoppy's||Warlpiri||Special purpose lease|
|Akngwertnarre||Morris Soak||UK-NOORT-NARA||Place Name||Arrernte, Warlpiri||Special purpose lease|
|Anthepe||Drive In||UN-DUPPA||Dreamtime dance, women's dancing||Arrernte, Warlipiri, Luritja, Pitjantatjara||Special purpose lease|
|Aper-Alwerrknge||Palmer's||UPPER AL-OORK-NA||Sinewy gum||Arrernte||Special purpose lease|
|Ewyenper Atwatya||Hidden Valley||OO-YEN-PER-A TWAH-JA||Spearbush gap||Arrernte, Warlpiri||Special purpose lease|
|Ilperenye||Old Timers||ILL-PA-RINYA||Green beetle||Arrernte, Warlpiri, Luritja, Pitjantatjara||Special purpose lease|
|Inarlenge||Little Sisters||INN-ARLUNG-AH||Porcupine, Echidna||Arrernte, Warlpiri, Luritja, Pitjantatjara||Crown lease|
|Mount Nancy||Place name||Arrernte, Kaytetye, Amatyerre, Alywarre||Special purpose lease|
|Yarrenyty-Arltere||Larapinta||YARR-WRENCH ARL-DER-AH||White devil dog||Arrernte, Pertame, Luritja||Special purpose lease|
|Nyewente||Trucking Yards||NEW-OONDA||Place name||Arrernte, Luritja||Special purpose lease|
|Ilparpa||IL-PAR-PA||Yam, Bush tucker||Arrernte, Pertame, Luritja||Special purpose lease|
|Ilpiye Ilpiye||Golder's||ILP-EE ILP-EE||Needlewood bush, Women's head dress||Arrernte, Kaytetye||Special purpose lease|
|Lhenpe Artnwe||Anmatyerre||LUN-PA ART-NWE||Emu feathers, decoration in arm pit||Arrernte, Warlpiri, Anmatyerre||Special purpose lease|
|Anhelke||Namatjira's/Driffen's||UN-EARL-KA||Full of corkwood honey||Arrernte||Unofficial town camp|
|Irrkerlantye||White Gate||EAR-KER-LUNGE||Kitehawk||Arrernte||Unofficial town camp|
- "Alice Springs Town Camps". Office of Township Leasing. 11 July 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
- Government, Northern Territory (13 April 2018). "Frequently asked questions". dlghcd.nt.gov.au. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
- "Heritage & History Of The Alice Springs Telegraph Station". Alice Springs Telegraph Station. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
- Coughlan, Frances Mary (1991). Aboriginal town camps and Tangentyere Council : the battle for self-determination in Alice Springs (Thesis thesis).
- "A colonial chronology of Alice Springs | Central Land Council, Australia". www.clc.org.au. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
- "Tangentyere Council - About Us". www.tangentyere.org.au. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
- Coughlan, Frances (1991). Aboriginal town camps and Tangentyere Council: the battle for self-determination in Alice Springs (PDF) (Thesis).
- Heppell, M; Wigley, J.J. (1981). Black out in Alice: A history of the establishment and development of town camps in Alice Springs (PDF). The Development Studies Centre Monograph no. 26. Australian National University. ISBN 0 909150 41 9.
- "Township leasing map (search)". Australian Government. Office of Township Leasing.