Ali Illahism (Persian: علیاللّهی) is a syncretic religion which has been practiced in parts of Iranian Luristan which combines elements of Shia Islam with older religions. It centers on the belief that there have been successive incarnations of the Deity throughout history, and Ali Ilahees reserve particular reverence for Ali, the son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who is considered one such incarnation. Various rites have been attributed as Ali Ilahian, similarly to the Yezidis, Ansaris, and all sects whose doctrine is unknown to the surrounding Muslim and Christian population. Observers have described it as an agglomeration of the customs and rites of several earlier religions, including Zoroastrianism, historically because travelogues were "evident that there is no definite code which can be described as Ali Illahism".
In the Dabestan-e Mazaheb
The Dabestan-e Mazaheb (a Persian book of the 17th century about the South Asian religions) presents the Ali Illahians as a sect that respected Muhammad and Ali and discarded the Quran as it was compiled under Umar. They avoided killing any animals and believed that the rules allowing the killing of some animals are created by Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman ibn Affan and their followers.
- Woulfe Sheil, Lady Mary Leonora; Sheil, Sir Justin (1856). Glimpses of Life and Manners in Persia. p. 199.
- Layard, Austen Henry (2010-08-31). Discoveries in the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon: With Travels in Armenia, Kurdistan and the Desert: Being the Result of a Second Expedition Undertaken for the Trustees of the British Museum. Cambridge University Press. p. 216. ISBN 9781108016773.
- Soane, Ely B. (2008). "To Mesopotamia and Kurdistan in disguise with historical notices of Kurdish tribes and the Chaldeans of Kurdistan. (Excerpt)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies: 10. Archived from the original on 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2017-03-23.; Soane, Ely B. (1914). "Of Kurds and their Country". To Mesopotamia and Kurdistan in disguise : with historical notices of the Kurdish tribes and the Chaldeans of Kurdistan (PDF). Boston: Small, Maynard. p. 384. OL 23348805M.
- Bruinessen, Martin van. "Religion in Kurdistan" (PDF). Universiteit Utrecht. p. 9. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- Moosa, Matti (1987). "16. The Ahl-i Haqq (Ali Ilahis) – Origins and Identity". Extremist Shiites – The Ghulat Sects. Contemporary issues in the Middle East. Syracuse University Press. p. 185. ISBN 9780815624110.
- "An Account of the Ali Ilahían". The Dabistán, or School of Manners. II. Translated by Shea, David; Troyer, Anthony. 1843. pp. 451–460. Archived from the original on 2017-09-16. Retrieved 2017-03-23.