Alexander de Kininmund (died 1344)

Alexander de Kininmund (died 1344) was a 14th-century Scottish churchman. The first mention of Alexander occurs when, as a canon of Dunkeld he is one of three ambassadors sent by King Robert I of Scotland to Avignon in 1320.[1] The purpose of this embassy was to present a letter to Pope John XXII known as the Declaration of Arbroath. As a papal chaplain and lawyer, he was well qualified to argue the Scottish cause, and Barrow makes a strong case that he was, in fact the author of the document.[2]


He became Archdeacon of Lothian in 1327,[3] and by 1329 held a prebend in the diocese of Brechin; he is also a papal chaplain and an auditor of the papal palace at Avignon.[4]

In that year, after the death of Henry le Chen, Walter Herok was elected Bishop of Aberdeen and travelled to Avignon to receive consecration from Pope John XXII. However, Walter died there, apparently before receiving consecration and Alexander, a papal servant from Scotland, was provided to the now vacant see without any consultation of the chapter of Aberdeen.[5]

Alexander was back in Scotland by 29 March 1330, when he attended a parliament of King David I of Scotland.[6] Four years later, on 12 February 1334, he was present at the parliament of the usurper-king Edward Balliol.[1] In 1335 he was one of the envoys sent to make peace with England.[6] According to Hector Boece, Alexander was a distinguished scholar and began work on building four new episcopal residences, at Mortlach, Aberdeen, Fetternear and Rayne; Aberdeen and Fetterneir were said to have been completed.[7] He died sometime before 13 September 1344.[8]

See also


  1. Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 111.
  2. Barrow, Robert Bruce and the Community of The Realm of Scotland, pp305-308.
  3. Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 310.
  4. Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 110; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 2.
  5. Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, pp. 110-1.
  6. Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 111; Innes, Registrum Episcopatus Aberdonensis, p. xxxviii.
  7. Innes, Registrum Episcopatus Aberdonensis, p. xxxviii.
  8. Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 112; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 2.


  • Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912)
  • Innes, Cosmo, Registrum Episcopatus Aberdonensis: Ecclesie Cathedralis Aberdonensis Regesta Que Extant in Unum Collecta, Vol. 1, (Edinburgh, 1845)
  • Keith, Robert, An Historical Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops: Down to the Year 1688, (London, 1924)
  • Watt, D.E.R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969)
  • Barrow, Geoffrey W. S., Robert Bruce and the Community of The Realm of Scotland, (Edinburgh 1988)
Religious titles
Preceded by
William de Eaglesham
Archdeacon of Lothian
Succeeded by
William Comyn
Preceded by
Walter Herok
Bishop of Aberdeen
13291343 x 1344
Succeeded by
William de Deyn
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