Alex Mihai Stoenescu
Alex Mihai Stoenescu (born October 2, 1953) is a Romanian historian, writer, journalist and politician.
According to his own admission, Stoenescu collaborated with the Securitate in 1984, while he worked as an engineer at a factory in Băneasa. However, he claims it was out of patriotism and he only gave technical details about some equipment bought by the company for which he worked.
After the Romanian Revolution, he worked as a journalist and then as chief of the Press Department of the National Defense Ministry. In 1998, president Emil Constantinescu intended to name him spokesman of the presidency, until he learnt about his collaboration with the Securitate.
Stoenescu was a vicepresident of Uniunea Forţelor de Dreapta, resigning from it in 2000, following the unsatisfactory results in the local elections, joining the National Liberal Party in August 2000. In 2006, Stoenescu joined the New Generation – Christian Democratic Party, being chosen vice-president in charge with its doctrine. He was also part of the team of historians whom Gigi Becali commissioned to write the "true history of Romania". Stoenescu was among the several important members of this party to resign in 2007.
Stoenescu's historical work has been considered controversial, especially his works about the rule of Ion Antonescu and the 1989 revolution.
In his work The Army, the Marshall and the Jews, dedicated to the Antonescu era, he claims that the Iași pogrom occurred because Antonescu "practically ceded" the city's Romanian sovereignty to the Germans, who were thus responsible for the mass killings. This attitude is considered by Romanian Holocaust scholar Michael Shafir as being "deflective negationism", a form of Holocaust denial in which the guilt is deflected toward other groups, such as the Germans. The book also claims that the deaths of thousands of Jews in the "Death Trains" in Romania can be attributed to negligence, not intent. He also accepted without question the era's propaganda that those embarked were "communists" who attacked the Romanian and German troops, while concluding that it was not the first time in history when thousands of innocents paid for the deeds of "a handful of [Jewish communist] culprits". Shafir described Stoenescu as a "notorious antisemite".
Stoenescu's multi-volume work History of coup d'etats in Romania also received harsh criticism because of its depiction of Romanian far-right groups. For instance, he claims that the Iron Guard was not anti-semitic in its early days, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu being originally just an anti-communist and his anti-semitism being a reaction to the Jews' preference of left-wing politics and thus they brought the threat of Bolshevism. The same book also claims that the "Death Squads" of the Legionnaire movement were not really groups of assassins, but just "legionnaires willing to risk their life", who did not intend "to bring death on others", their image being allegedly distorted by the Communist propaganda.
- "Istoria loviturilor de stat din România", Vol. I - "Revoluţie şi francmasonerie", 2001
- "Istoria loviturilor de stat din România", Vol. II - "Esecul democraţiei române", 2001
- "Istoria loviturilor de stat din România", Vol. III - "Cele trei dictaturi", 2002
- "Istoria loviturilor de stat din România", Vol. IV, part 1 - "Revoluţia din Decembrie 1989 - o tragedie românească", 2004
- "Istoria loviturilor de stat din România", Vol. IV, part 2 - "Revoluţia din Decembrie 1989 - o tragedie românească", 2005
- "Armata, mareşalul şi evreii", 1998
- "Interviuri despre revoluţie", 2004
- "Dinastia Brătianu", 2002
- "Patimile Sfântului Tomaso D'Aquino", 2003
- "Noaptea incendiului", 2000
- "Misiunea dominicană", 1997
- "Alex Stoenescu se prezinta: sursa "Gavrilescu"", Cotidianul, November 1, 2006
- "Alex Stoenescu se inscrie in PNL", Ziua, August 14, 2000
- "Mare agitatie in PNL", Ziua, August 17, 2000
- "Gigi Becali, colindat pe "euroi"", Evenimentul Zilei, December 16, 2006
- "Elita lui Gigi" Archived 2010-01-27 at the Wayback Machine, Cotidianul, September 13, 2006
- "Gigi Becali ramane singur in Palat", Evenimentul Zilei, November 20, 2007
- Michael Shafir, "Deflective Negationism of the Holocaust in Postcommunist East-Central Europe (Part 1): The Germans Did It Alone (A)" in East European Perspectives, 2002, Vol. 4, No. 18.
- Michael Shafir, "Rotten Apples, Bitter Pears: An Updated Motivational Typology of Romania's Radical Right’s Anti-Semitic Postures in Post-Communism" Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 7, 21 (Winter 2008).
- Elie Wiesel National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania, Final Report, Polirom, 2005, p 333
- Shafir, Michael (2008). "From Historical to "Dialectical" Populism: The Case of Post-Communist Romania". Canadian Slavonic Papers. Informa UK Limited. 50 (3–4): 425–470. doi:10.1080/00085006.2008.11092591. ISSN 0008-5006.
Nor had he (unlike Becali) admitted into the party's ranks members of the New Right Group (who openly display Codreanu's portrait on T-shirts) or notorious anti-Semites of the Hogea and Stoenescu sort.
- Shafir, Michael (2012). "Polls and Antisemitism in Post-Communist Romania" (PDF). Journal for the Study of Antisemitism. 4 (#2): 387–422. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
When the list of PNG candidates for the 2007 European Parliament elections was released, it included “historian” Alex Mihai Stoenescu and former PRM parliamentary deputy Vlad Hogea. Both are notorious antisemites and Holocaust deniers and/or trivializers; Hogea is also on record for racist positions targeting the Roma.