Aldwych Theatre in 2006
|Type||West End theatre|
|Architect||W. G. R. Sprague|
The theatre was constructed in the newly built Aldwych as a pair with the Waldorf Theatre, now known as the Novello Theatre. Both buildings were designed in the Edwardian Baroque style by W. G. R. Sprague. The Aldwych Theatre was funded by Seymour Hicks in association with the American impresario Charles Frohman, and built by Walter Wallis of Balham.
The theatre opened on 23 December 1905 with a production of Blue Bell, a new version of Hicks's popular pantomime Bluebell in Fairyland. In 1906, Hicks's The Beauty of Bath, followed in 1907 by The Gay Gordons, played at the theatre. In February 1913 the theatre was used by Serge Diaghilev and Vaslav Nijinsky for the first rehearsals of Le Sacre du Printemps before its première in Paris during May. In 1920, Basil Rathbone played Major Wharton in The Unknown.
From 1923 to 1933, the theatre was the home of the series of twelve farces, known as the Aldwych farces, most of which were written by Ben Travers. Members of the regular company for these farces included Ralph Lynn, Tom Walls, Ethel Coleridge, Gordon James, Mary Brough, Winifred Shotter and Robertson Hare. In 1933, Richard Tauber presented and starred in a new version of Das Dreimäderlhaus at the Aldwych under the title Lilac Time. From the mid-1930s until about 1960, the theatre was owned by the Abrahams family.
Post-war years and the Royal Shakespeare Company
In 1949 Laurence Olivier directed the first London production of Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire at the Aldwych Theatre. Starring as Blanche DuBois was Olivier's wife Vivien Leigh, who later won an Academy Award for the role in the 1951 film of Williams's play. Bonar Colleano co-starred as Stanley.
On 15 December 1960, after intense speculation, it was announced that the Royal Shakespeare Company, headquartered in Stratford-upon-Avon and under the directorship of Peter Hall (director) was to make the Aldwych Theatre its base in London for the next three years. In the event the company stayed for over 20 years, finally moving to the Barbican Arts Centre in 1982. The theatre was sold to the Nederlander Organization immediately afterwards. Among numerous RSC productions staged at this venue were The Wars of the Roses, "Ondine" with Peter Hall's wife Leslie Caron, The Greeks, and Nicholas Nickleby, as well as the transfer of most of the Shakespeare productions that were first staged at the RSC's Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford. During absences of the RSC, the theatre hosted the annual World Theatre Seasons, foreign plays in their original productions, invited to London by the theatre impresario Peter Daubeny, annually from 1964 to 1973 and finally in 1975. For his involvement with these Aldwych seasons, run without Arts Council or other official support, Daubeny won the Evening Standard special award in 1972.
In 1990–91, Joan Collins starred in a revival of Private Lives at the Aldwych. The theatre is referred to in Julio Cortázar's short story Instructions for John Howell (Instrucciones para John Howell) in the anthology All Fires the Fire (Todos los fuegos el fuego).
Since 2000, the theatre has hosted a mixture of plays, comedies and musical theatre productions. Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Whistle Down the Wind played until 2001, and Fame enjoyed an extended run from 2002 to 2006. From 2006 to 2011, it was the home to the British musical version of Dirty Dancing. Beautiful: The Carole King Musical ran from 2015 to 2017.
In March 2018, the theatre opened the world premiere of Tina: The Tina Turner Musical.
- The Beauty of Bath (1906)
- The Gay Gordons (1907)
- It Pays to Advertise (1923)
- A Cuckoo in the Nest (1925)
- Rookery Nook (1926)
- Thark (1927)
- Plunder (1928)
- A Cup of Kindness (1929)
- A Night Like This (1930)
- Jane (1947)
- The Collection (1962) by Harold Pinter
- The Homecoming (1965) by Pinter
- Old Times (1971) by Pinter
- The Balcony (1971) by Jean Genet
- Travesties (1974) by Tom Stoppard
- An Inspector Calls (1993–1995)
- Indian Ink (1995–1996) by Stoppard
- Whistle Down The Wind (1998–2001) by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Jim Steinman
- Fame – The Musical (2002–2006) by Jacques Levy and Steve Margoshes
- Dirty Dancing – The Classic Story on Stage (2006–2011), by Eleanor Bergstein
- Top Hat (2012–2013)
- Stephen Ward (2013), music by Andrew Lloyd Webber
- Beautiful: The Carole King Musical (2015–2017), featuring the music of Carole King
- Tina: The Tina Turner Musical (2018-
Recent and current productions
- A Round-Heeled Woman (30 November 2011 – 14 January 2012)
- Top Hat the Musical (April 2012 – 26 October 2013) by Irving Berlin
- Stephen Ward the Musical (December 2013 – March 2014 ) by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black and Christopher Hampton
- Beautiful: The Carole King Musical (25 February 2015 – 5 August 2017)
- La Soirée (16 November 2017 - 5 February 2018)
- Tina: The Tina Turner Musical (21 March 2018 – )
- Aldwych Theatre listing details – English Heritage. Retrieved 3 April 2007
- "Aldwych Theatre Seating Plan". Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- Lucas, John. Thomas Beecham: An Obsession With Music, Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2008, p. 94. ISBN 978-1-84383-402-1
- "Mr Ralph Lynn", The Times, 10 August 1962, p. 11
- Theatre Postcard site. Retrieved 19 March 2007
- "Aldwych sold for $2.1 million", The Sydney Morning Herald, 14 January 1982, p. 8. Retrieved 26 July 2013
- Winterman, Denise (24 October 2006). "The Time of Your Life". BBC News. Archived from the original on 29 May 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2007.
- "The insider's guide to 'Dirty Dancing'". CNN. 25 October 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2007.
- "Top Hat to transfer into the West End next April". The Stage. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Top Hat confirms October closure at Aldwych". whatsonstage.com. Whats on Stage. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Andrew Lloyd Webber's Stephen Ward Will Premiere at West End's Aldwych Theatre in December". Playbill. 27 June 2013. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Andrew Lloyd Webber's STEPHEN WARD to Close at the Aldwych Theatre, March 29". broadwayworld.com. Broadway World. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- Who's Who in the Theatre, edited by John Parker, tenth edition, revised, London, 1947, p. 1183.
- The Oxford Companion to the Theatre Fourth edition, edited by Phyllis Hartnoll, Oxford, 1983
- Guide to British Theatres 1750–1950, John Earl and Michael Sell pp. 97–8 (Theatres Trust, 2000) ISBN 0-7136-5688-3