Aldo Fabrizi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈaldo faˈbrittsi]; 1 November 1905 – 2 April 1990) was an Italian actor, director, screenwriter and comedian, best known in United Kingdom for the role of the heroic priest in Roberto Rossellini's Rome, Open City and as partner of Totò in a number of successful comedies.
Fabrizi on the set of Tombolo, paradiso nero (1947)
|Born||1 November 1905|
|Died||2 April 1990 84) (aged|
|Occupation||actor, film director, screenwriter, comedian|
Beatrice Rocchi (died 1981)
|Relatives||Elena Fabrizi (sister)|
Life and career
Born in Rome into a humble family, Fabrizi debuted on stage in a suburban theater in 1931. He soon got a local success thanks to his comical sketches and macchiette (i.e. comical monologues caricaturing stock characters), and became a star of the Roman revue and avanspettacolo. He made his film debut during the war, in 1942, and in a short time established himself as one of the most talented actors of the time, spacing from comedy to drama. After a number of successful comedies, in 1945 he played the iconic Don Pietro in the neo-realist drama Rome, Open City, and following the critical and commercial success of the film he had a number of leading roles in other neo-realist films. Already active as a screenwriter, in 1948 he debuted as a director with the drama Immigrants. In the 1950s and 1960s he was often paired on the screen with Totò and with Peppino De Filippo. In 1964 he got a large success on stage with the musical comedy Rugantino, he also toured across Europe, in Latin America and in Broadway.
Like the Italian actor Totò and others, Fabrizi was also initiated to the Scottish Rite Freemasonry.
Fabrizi was married to the singer Beatrice Rocchi, best known with her stage name Reginella, until her death in 1981. His sister Elena Fabrizi was also an actress.
Awards and recognition
Fabrizi during his career won two Nastro d'Argento Awards, for best actor for Alessandro Blasetti's Prima comunione and for best supporting actor in Ettore Scola's We All Loved Each Other So Much, and a special David di Donatello for his career in 1988. He was also awarded at the 1952 Cannes Film Festival for best screenplay for Cops and Robbers. In 1990 Poste italiane issued a stamp in his honor.
- Avanti, c'è posto... (Before the Postman) by Mario Bonnard (script too ) (1942) as Cesare Montani
- Campo de' fiori (The Peddler and the Lady) by Mario Bonnard (script too) (1943) as Peppino Corradini
- L'ultima carrozzella by Mario Mattoli (script too) (1943) as Antonio Urbani, detto "Toto"
- Circo equestre Za-Bum (episode Dalla finestra and Il postino) by Mario Mattoli (1944) as The postman (segments "Dalla finestra" and "Il postino")
- Roma città aperta by Roberto Rossellini (1945) as Don Pietro Pellegrini
- Mio figlio professore by Renato Castellani (script too) (1946) as Orazio Belli
- Vivere in pace by Luigi Zampa (script too ) (1947) as Tigna
- Il vento m'ha cantato una canzone by Camillo Mastrocinque
- Il delitto di Giovanni Episcopo by Alberto Lattuada (script too) (1947) as Giovanni Episcopo
- Tombolo, paradiso nero by Giorgio Ferroni (1947) as Andrea Rascelli
- Natale al campo 119 by Pietro Francisci (script too) (1947) as Giuseppe Mancini, il romano
- Emigrantes by Aldo Fabrizi (1948) as Giuseppe Bordoni
- Benvenuto, reverendo! by Aldo Fabrizi (1949) as Don Peppino
- Francesco, giullare di Dio by Roberto Rossellini (1950) as Nicolaio, il tiranno di Viterbo
- Prima comunione by Alessandro Blasetti (1950) as Carlo Carloni
- Vita da cani by Steno & Mario Monicelli (script too) (1950) as Nino Martoni
- Antonio di Padova (Anthony of Padua) by Pietro Francisci (1951) as Ezzelino Da Romano
- Tre passi a Nord (Three steps North) by William Lee Wilder (1950) as Pietro
- Signori, in carrozza! by Luigi Zampa (1951) as Vincenzo Nardi
- Cameriera bella presenza offresi... by Giorgio Pàstina (1951) as Il commendatore Giovanni Marchetti
- Parigi è sempre Parigi by Luciano Emmer (1951) as Andrea De Angelis
- Guardie e ladri by Steno & Mario Monicelli (script too) (1951) as Lorenzo Bottoni
- La famiglia Passaguai by Aldo Fabrizi (1951) as Giuseppe Passaguai
- Fiorenzo il terzo uomo by Stefano Canzio (cameo) (1951) as Guest star
- La famiglia Passaguai fa fortuna by Aldo Fabrizi (1952) as Giuseppe Passaguai
- Papà diventa mamma by Aldo Fabrizi (1952) as Sor Pepe
- Altri tempi (episode Il carrettino dei libri vecchi) by Alessandro Blasetti (1952) as Bookseller
- Cinque poveri in automobile by Mario Mattoli (script too) (1952) as Cesare Baroni
- Una di quelle by Aldo Fabrizi (1953) as Un medico
- Siamo tutti inquilini by Mario Mattoli (1953) as Augusto
- La voce del silenzio by Georg Wilhelm Pabst (1953) as Pio Fabiani
- Too Young for Love by Lionello De Felice (1953) as Coletti, padre di Annette
- Funniest Show on Earth by Mario Mattoli (1953) (uncredited)
- Cafè Chantant by Camillo Mastrocinque (1953) as Se stesso / Himself
- Questa è la vita (episode Marsina stretta) by Aldo Fabrizi (1954) as Il Professore Fabio Gori (segment "Marsina stretta")
- Cento anni d'amore (episode Garibaldina) by Lionello De Felice (1954) as Don Pietro, Priest of Monterotondo (segment "Garibaldina")
- Cose da pazzi by Georg Wilhelm Pabst (1954) as Gnauli
- Carousel of Variety by Aldo Quinti & Aldo Bonaldi (1955)
- Accadde al penitenziario by Giorgio Bianchi (1955)
- Io piaccio by Giorgio Bianchi (1955) as Giuseppe Tassinetti
- I pappagalli by Bruno Paolinelli (1955) as Antonio, the door-keeper
- Un po' di cielo by Giorgio Moser (1955) as Pietro Maltoni
- The Two Friends by Carlo Borghesio (script too) (1955) as Giovanni Bellini
- I pinguini ci guardano by Guido Leoni (1956) (voice)
- They Stole a Tram by Aldo Fabrizi (1956) as Cesare Mancini
- Guardia, guardia scelta, brigadiere e maresciallo by Mauro Bolognini (1956) as Brigadiere Pietro Spaziani
- Donatella by Mario Monicelli (1956) as Padre di Donatella
- Allow Me, Daddy! by Mario Bonnard (1956) as Alessandro Biagi - il suocero di Nardi
- Il maestro by Aldo Fabrizi (1957) as Giovanni Merino
- Festa di maggio (Premier mai) by Luis Saslavsky (1958) as Le vieux camionneur
- I prepotenti di Mario Amendola (script too) (1958) as Cesare Pinelli
- I tartassati by Steno (script too) (1959) as Maresciallo Fabio Topponi
- Ferdinando I re di Napoli by Gianni Franciolini (1959) as Il contadino
- Prepotenti più di prima by Mario Mattoli (script too) (1959) as Cesare Pinelli
- Un militare e mezzo by Steno (script too) (1960) as Sgt. Giovanni Rossi
- La sposa bella (The angel wore red) by Nunnally Johnson (1960) as Canon Rota
- Toto, Fabrizi and the Young People Today by Mario Mattoli (1960) as Giuseppe D'Amore
- Le meraviglie di Aladino by Mario Bava (1961) as Sultan
- Gerarchi si muore by Giorgio Simonelli (1961) as Comm. Frioppi
- Fra' Manisco cerca guai by Armando William Tamburella (1961) as Fra Pacifico detto 'Fra Manisco'
- Gli italiani e le donne (episode Chi la fa, l'aspetti) by Marino Girolami (1962)
- Twist, lolite e vitelloni by Marino Girolami (1962) as Cav. Rossi
- I quattro monaci by Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia (1962) as Fra' Giocondo
- The Four Musketeers by Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia (1963) as Bouboule
- The Shortest Day by Sergio Corbucci (cameo) (1963) as Facchino
- The Lightship by Ladislao Vajda (in Germany) (1963) as Don Amilcare
- Totò contro i quattro by Steno (1963) as
- I quattro tassisti (episode L'uomo in bleu) by Giorgio Bianchi (1963) as Sor Gigi (segment "L'uomo in blue")
- Made in Italy by Nanni Loy (1965) as Piras, Gaviro's Father (segment "2 'Il Lavoro', episode 2")
- Sette monaci d'oro by Marino Girolami (1966) as Fra' Ugone, padre priore
- Three Bites of the Apple by Alvin Ganzer (1967) as Dr. Manzoni
- Cose di Cosa Nostra (Gang War) by Steno (script too) (1971) as Il brigadiere Aldo Panzarani
- La Tosca by Luigi Magni (1973) as Il governatore
- C'eravamo tanto amati (We All Loved Each Other So Much) by Ettore Scola (1974) as Romolo Catenacci
- I baroni by Giampaolo Lomi (1975) as Monsignore
- Nerone by Mario Castellacci & Pier Francesco Pingitore (1977) as Generale Galba
- Il ginecologo della mutua by Aristide Massaccesi (1977) as Pietro Massone
- Giovanni Senzapensieri by Marco Colli (1985) as Gino (final film role)
Film director filmography
- Emigrantes (script too) (1948)
- Benvenuto, reverendo! (producer and script too) (1949)
- La famiglia Passaguai (producer and script too) (1951)
- La famiglia Passaguai fa fortuna (producer and script too) (1951)
- Papà diventa mamma (producer and script too) (1952)
- Una di quelle (producer and script too) (1953)
- Questa è la vita (episode Marsina stretta, script too) (1954)
- Hanno rubato un tram (script too) (1954)
- Il maestro (script too) (1957)
- Roberto Chiti; Roberto Poppi; Enrico Lancia. Dizionario del cinema italiano : Gli attori dal 1930 ai giorni nostri. Gremese Editore, 2003. ISBN 8884402131.
- Sabrina Ramacci. 101 personaggi che hanno fatto grande Roma. Newton Compton Editori, 2011. ISBN 8854132675.
- Gino Moliterno. The A to Z of Italian Cinema. Scarecrow Press, 2009. ISBN 0810868962.
- "When Totò was a Freemason". ricerca.repubblica.it (in Italian). 11 July 1993. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
- "From Belli to Totò and Gino Cervi, MASSONICamente narrows the Italian artist freemasons" (in Italian). 2 January 2016. Archived from the original on 2 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- Enrico Lancia. I premi del cinema. Gremese Editore, 1998. ISBN 8877422211.
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