Albert James Smith

Sir Albert James Smith KCMG PC QC (March 12, 1822 June 30, 1883) was a New Brunswick politician and opponent of Canadian confederation. Smith's grandfather was a United Empire Loyalist who left Massachusetts to settle in New Brunswick after the American Revolution.

The Hon.

Sir Albert James Smith
Hon. Sir Albert James Smith, April 1868
Attorney General of Canada (Acting)
In office
June 1, 1874  July 7, 1874
Preceded byAntoine-Aimé Dorion
Succeeded byTélesphore Fournier
Premier of the Colony of New Brunswick
In office
September 21, 1865  April 14, 1866
Preceded bySamuel Leonard Tilley
Succeeded byPeter Mitchell
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Westmorland
In office
Succeeded byJosiah Wood
Personal details
Born(1822-03-12)March 12, 1822
Shediac, New Brunswick
DiedJune 30, 1883(1883-06-30) (aged 61)
Dorchester, New Brunswick
Resting placeDorchester Rural Cemetery
Political partyLiberal
Sarah Marie Young (m. 1868)
Childrenone son (d. 30 June 1883)

Smith entered politics in 1852 entering the House of Assembly as an opponent of the Tory compact that ran the colony and became a leading reform and advocate of responsible government which was granted to the colony in 1854. Smith became a member of the reform government that took power that year and went on to become Attorney-General in 1861 under Premier Samuel Leonard Tilley. Smith split with Tilley over railway policy and Canadian confederation with Smith becoming leader of the Anti-Confederates winning the 1865 election but was forced from office the next year by the lieutenant-governor.

He was created a Queen's Counsel in 1862.

Smith reconciled with Confederation after it became a fact and became minister of fisheries in the Liberal government of Alexander Mackenzie in 1873. He died in 1883, and was interred in Dorchester Rural Cemetery.

Further reading

  • J. E. Belliveau, 1976, The Splendid Life of Albert Smith and the Women he Left Behind, Windsor, NS: Lancelot Press


  • "Albert James Smith". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
  • Albert James Smith – Parliament of Canada biography
Political offices
Preceded by
Peter Mitchell (politician)
Minister of Marine and Fisheries
Succeeded by
James Colledge Pope
Preceded by
Antoine-Aimé Dorion
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Télesphore Fournier
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