Alan Hartley

General Sir Alan Fleming Hartley, GCIE, KCSI, CB, DSO, psc (24 October 1882 – 7 December 1954) was a British Indian Army officer during World War II.

Sir Alan Hartley
Born24 October 1882
Died7 December 1954 (aged 72)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
 British Indian Army
Years of service1901–1944
RankGeneral
UnitDurham Light Infantry
Commands held1st Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment
5th King Edward's Own Probyn's Horse
1st (Risalpur) Cavalry Brigade
4th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade
Waziristan District
Rawalpindi District
Northern Command, India
Commander-in-Chief, India
Battles/warsSecond Boer War
World War I
World War II
AwardsKnight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order

Military career

Born in 1882, the son of Dr. Reginald Hartley, M.D.[1] Educated at Charterhouse School and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Hartley was commissioned into the 1st Battalion, Durham Light Infantry as a second lieutenant on 8 January 1901.[2]

He first saw active service in the Second Boer War (from May 1901 to May 1902), where he was for a period aide-de camp to Major-General R. A. P. Clements.[3] After the end of this war, he joined the 1st battalion of his regiment as it was sent to India in November 1902, where it was stationed in Wellington, Madras Presidency.[4] He was promoted to lieutenant on 10 May 1905 (seniority 5 June 1903),[5] transferred to the Indian Army and appointed to 11th King Edward's Own Lancers (Probyn's Horse) that year.[6][7]

He served in World War I in France, the Balkans and Mesopotamia, being mentioned in dispatches three times and awarded the DSO.[8] He was promoted to captain on 8 January 1910,[9] to major in June 1917[10] and to acting lieutenant-colonel in 1917, commanding 1st Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment at Salonika.[10]

After attending the Staff College, Quetta from 1919 to 1920,[11] from May 1921 to July 1924 he was a General Staff Officer grade 2 in India and from December 1924 to December 1926 he was an instructor at the Staff College, Quetta.[1][6][8] From April 1927 to April 1931 he was the Commanding Officer of the 5th King Edward's Own Probyn's Horse, and he saw service during the operations on the North West Frontier 1930-31 as officiating Commander, 1st (Risalpur) Cavalry Brigade and was mentioned in despatches in the London Gazette 26 June 1931[12][13] He attended the Imperial Defence College in 1931.[1] In January 1932 he became Commander of the 4th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade[6] after which, in September 1933, he was made Director of Military Operations and Intelligence at Army Headquarters in New Delhi.[6][14] A brigadier by 1935, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 1936 New Year Honours and promoted to major-general on 9 January 1936.[15][16]

He was appointed officiating Commander of Waziristan District from May to December 1937, then formally appointed to command from December 1937 to July 1938, where he was again mentioned in despatches in the London Gazette 18 February 1938.[8][17] He was appointed Commander of Rawalpindi District in July 1938.[18]

By the start of World War II he was Commander of Rawalpindi District.[6] On 6 June 1940, he was appointed General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Northern Command, India and promoted to lieutenant-general.[19][20] He was promoted to full general in the Indian Army on 27 January 1941 and knighted in that year's Birthday Honours list as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KCSI).[21][22] In January 1942 he succeeded General Sir Archibald Wavell for a short time as Commander-in-Chief, India.[6] Wavell was reappointed in March 1942 and Hartley was appointed Deputy Commander in Chief.[6] In Spring 1942 he was fighting the Japanese on the Eastern border of India.[23] He was appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire in January 1944.[24]

He retired 29 February 1944.[25]

Family

In 1914 he married Phillippa, daughter of P. H. Osborne of Australia. She was decorated with the Kaiser-I-Hind medal in Gold in 1943.[1]

References

  1. Kelly's handbook to the titled, landed and official classes 1944
  2. "No. 27264". The London Gazette. 8 January 1901. p. 160.
  3. Hart′s Army list, 1903
  4. "The Army in South Africa - Troops for India". The Times (36916). London. 4 November 1902. p. 10.
  5. "No. 27845". The London Gazette. 17 October 1905. p. 6936.
  6. Obituary:Sir Alan Fleming Hartley
  7. January 1908 Indian Army List
  8. War services of British and Indian officers of the Indian Army 1941
  9. "No. 28350". The London Gazette. 22 March 1910. p. 2035.
  10. "No. 30251". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 August 1917. p. 8849.
  11. Smart, p. 142
  12. January 1931 Indian Army List
  13. April 1932 Indian Army List
  14. January 1936 Indian Army List
  15. "No. 34238". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1935. p. 6.
  16. "No. 34261". The London Gazette. 3 March 1936. p. 1382.
  17. October 1937 Indian Army List
  18. July 1939 Indian Army List
  19. "No. 34878". The London Gazette. 21 June 1940. p. 3785.
  20. "No. 35021". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 December 1940. p. 7204.
  21. "No. 35109". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 March 1941. p. 1581.
  22. "No. 35204". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 June 1941. p. 3736.
  23. World Battlefronts: Bitter Blow Time Magazine, 9 March 1942
  24. "No. 36309". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1944. p. 6.
  25. "No. 36407". The London Gazette. 3 March 1944. p. 1068.

Bibliography

  • Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Coleridge
GOC-in-C Northern Command, India
1940–1942
Succeeded by
Sir Cyril Noyes
Preceded by
Sir Archibald Wavell
C-in-C India
January–March 1942
Succeeded by
Sir Archibald Wavell
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