Alagalla Mountain Range

Alagalla (Sinhala: අලගල්ල, literal translation: Tuber rock) Mountain Range is situated at the boundaries of the Central and Sabaragamuwa Provinces in Sri Lanka. Along with the surrounding Bathalegala (බතලේගල) also known as Bible Rock, Uthuwankanda (උතුවන්කන්ද), Devanagala (දෙවනගල), Ambuluwawa (අම්බුළුවාව), Knuckles Mountain Range and Hanthana (හන්තාන) Mountain Range, Alagalla mountain has served as a natural defense location for nearly five centuries (1505–1948) against the Portuguese, Dutch and English invasions aimed at the Kandyan Kingdom.

Alagalla Mountain Range
Tuber Rock Mountain Range
Highest point
Elevation1,140 m (3,740 ft)
Coordinates7°15′12″N 80°26′47″E
Alagalla Mountain Range

Historical importance

Most of the battles to invade the Kandyan Kingdom took place at Balana (literal translation viewing point), with the Kandyan monarchs emerging victorious aided by the impenetrable mountain formations. The famous Balana fort which functioned as a strategic rock fortress and an outpost to Kandyan kingdom was built between Kadugannawa Pass[1] and Alagalla Mountain Range.

Meangalla Pass and Meeyangala tunnel

The railway lines to upcountry were established by the English once the Kandyan Kingdom was absorbed into the British Empire in 1815. However, extending the already working Colombo-Ambepussa (අඹේපුස්ස) mainline[2][3] across the Alagalla mountain to Kandy proved to be extremely challenging as it had to be navigated around a waterfall, Meeyan Ella (මීයන් ඇල්ල) about 100 ft (30 m) high falling directly on the planned route and across a steeply inclined solid rock of more than 1,000 ft (300 m) thick.

Initially, the railway track was constructed by gouging artificial grooves on the rock at the top of the waterfall to "split" the waterfall into two and fall away from the rail route.[4] The tracks were then set up around the inclined rock[5] and this was called the Meangalla (මීන්ගල්ල) pass. However, this railway route was found to be dangerous, especially in the rainy season as heavy rains caused the swollen waterfall and slip rocks to damage the trains and the rail tracks.[6][7]

This resulted in a more robust and safe rerouting via drilling through the solid rock.[8] The Meeyangalla (මීයන්ගල්ල) tunnel, thus constructed and numbered as tunnel 5A, became the sixth tunnel in the Colombo-Kandy railway line and also the second longest railway tunnel in Sri Lanka at 423 m (1,388 ft) long.[9][10]

Hiking through the Alagalla Mountains

Alagalla mountains can be reached by taking either the Colombo-Kandy line to Ihalakotte railway station, or by taking the Kandy-Poththapitiya bus from Pilimathalawa to Poththapitya junction.

If following the Ihalakotte route, trekking can be started at Ihalakotte railway station through the Ihalakotte village. The 6 m (20 ft) high Dekinda ella (දෙකිඳ ඇල්ල) waterfall, served by the Alagalla forest reserve,[11] can also be viewed slightly off-route. Alternatively, a slightly longer trekking path via Poththapitiya can be reached by taking the Kandy-Poththapitiya bus route to Poththapitiya junction from Pilimathalawa. In both routes, the support of a local guide is strongly encouraged.

The summit of the Alagalla mountain Range is a platform to witness the view of the other surrounding mountains, including Bathalegala (බතලේගල) also known as Bible Rock, Devanagala (දෙවනගල), Ambuluwawa (අම්බුළුවාව), Knuckles Mountain Range and Hanthana (හන්තාන) Mountain Range.

See also


  1. Cassim, Aysha Maryam (29 July 2017). "Kadugannawa the gateway to Kanda Uda Rata". FT Online. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  2. "Online edition of Daily News - Features". Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  3. Ratnasinghe, Aryadasa. "Through tunnels and rocks on the main line". Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  4. "අලට කන්න බැරි අලගල්ලේ කන්ද". දිනමිණ (in Sinhala). Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  5. මීයන් ඇල්ල දුර්ග මාර්ගය [Meeyan Ella Incline]. ලංකා දුම්රිය (in Sinhala). 30 July 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  6. "මොරියාටි ගේ ඉසව්ව". Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  7. වළගොඩ ගමේ ආච්චිලා - ඔයට බැස හාල් ගැරූ මීයන්ඇල්ල දුම්රිය අනතුරේ කතාව. සිළුමිණ (in Sinhala). 20 July 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  8. "Focus | - Sri Lanka". 3 March 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  9. පරිශීලක සාකච්ඡාව [Ranshan Fernando], විකිපීඩියා, නිදහස් විශ්වකෝෂය (in Sinhala), 24 November 2015, retrieved 11 August 2018
  10. සඟරජලෙන පසු කර මීයන් ඇල්ල බිංගෙය සොයා. සිළුමිණ (in Sinhala). 13 July 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  11. "Dekinda Ella Falls – දෙකින්ද ඇල්ල". Amazing Lanka. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
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