Location in Syria
|Coordinates: 33°27′50.5″N 36°18′16″E|
|Governorate||Rif Dimashq Governorate|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Al-Hajar al-Aswad had a population of 84,948 in the 2004 census, making it the 13th largest city per geographical entity in Syria.
During the Syrian Civil War, on 26 July 2012, fighting was reported in the Al-Hajar al-Aswad suburb of the capital, a place described as home to thousands of poor refugees from the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights who were at the forefront of the movement against Assad. The Free Syrian Army had withdrawn to the southern suburb of Al-Hajar al-Aswad with the suburb being shelled by Government forces and an activist in the area said that there were still ongoing clashes in the south of the city. On 27 July 2012, the army took it back. On 30 October 2012, clashes broke out in Al-Hajar Al-Aswad between rebels and the army, spreading into the adjacent Yarmuk Palestinian camp.
On 19 November, rebels seized the headquarters of an army battalion and air defense base on the edge of the suburb, making it the nearest military base to Central Damascus to fall under rebel control. ln January 2014, reports indicated that opposition fighters fleeing the fallen towns are concentrated in the remaining strongholds, particularly Al-Hajar al-Aswad.
The district became a hotspot for Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant militant activity, whom controlled large areas of the district and used it for a staging ground for their assault on Yarmouk Camp in 2015.
The entire location of Al Hajar al Aswad was captured from ISIL by the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) on May 16th, 2018. Yarmouk Camp still remains under ISIL control. The SAA has been attacking both locations as part of an offensive that started on May 1st, 2018.
On late May 21, 2018, ISIL fully left Southern Damascus, thus allowing the Syrian Arab Army to control fully the capital after 6 years.
- General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
- map of suburbs of Damascus, google.maps
- "Syria bolsters troops in battle for Aleppo". Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Weaver, Matthew; Whitaker, Brian (26 July 2012). "Syria crisis: Aleppo battle looms - Thursday 26 July 2012". The Guardian. London.
- "Herald Sun". Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Lebanese Daily Star". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "UPDATE 1-Syria rebels say they seize army base on Damascus outskirts". Reuters. 19 November 2012.
- Haytham, Mustafa. "Clashes break out between ISIS and al-Qaeda in Damascus". ARA News. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "More than two weeks after losing al-Kadam neighborhood and in conjunction of losing in Yarmouk Camp, ISIS loses al-Hajar al-Aswad neighborhood completely for the regime forces and allies". SOHR. 15 May 2018.
- "Syria regains Damascus after 6 years of militants enclave". South Front. 21 May 2018.