Dumeir, also Dumair, Damir and Dumayr (Arabic: ضمير or الضمير) is a city located 40 kilometers north-east of Damascus, Syria.



Temple of Zeus Hypsistos, Dumeir
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°38′31″N 36°41′34″E
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq Governorate
DistrictDuma District
675 m (2,215 ft)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (EEST)

The Syrian Arab Air Force Al-Dumayr Military Airport is located here.


The Roman Temple of Dumeir lies in the center of the old town. It was dedicated to Zeus Hypsistos in 245 AD in the reign of the Roman Emperor Philip the Arab. However, there is an earlier reference to the building in a lawsuit in 216. An altar dedicated to the Semitic deity, Baalshamin in 94 AD, now in the Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris, indicates that a Nabatean religious building previously stood on the site.

The shape is highly unusual, and construction may have commenced as a public fountain or staging post, but in its final form it is clearly a temple. It was fortified in the Arab period, the arch on the rear wall being filled in with stones and defensive devices.

The temple has been restored as the result of much research and reconstruction work.[1]

See also


  1. Burns, Ross (2009). The Monuments of Syria (3rd ed.). I. B. Taurus. pp. 147–148.

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