Akira Nagatsuma (長妻 昭 Nagatsuma Akira, born June 14, 1960) is a Japanese politician of the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan, a member of House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature). Nagatsuma is currently the deputy leader and the head of the Tokyo chapter of the CDP. He had served as the Minister of Health, Labour, and Welfare in the Hatoyama and Kan administration. He came to prominence when he reported missing records of public pension plans. A native of Nerima, Tokyo and graduate of Keio University, he was elected for the first time in 2000 after unsuccessful runs in 1995 and 1996.
|Minister of Health, Labour, and Welfare|
June 8, 2009 – September 17, 2010
|Preceded by||Yōichi Masuzoe|
|Succeeded by||Ritsuo Hosokawa|
|Member of the House of Representatives|
|Assumed office |
June 26, 2000
|Preceded by||Shigeru Kasuya|
|Constituency||Tokyo-7th (2009–present, 2000–2005)|
Tokyo PR (2005–2009)
|Born||June 14, 1960|
|Alma mater||Keio University|
Nagatsuma gained nationwide prominence after exposing scandals involving Japan's bureaucracy, including widespread mishandling of the national pension records and the misuse of public funds for kickbacks. He earned the nickname Mr Pension for his investigations into these scandals.
His experience and expertise on pensions led him to be appointed to the Health, Labour, and Welfare Ministry during the administrations of Prime Ministers Yukio Hatoyama and Naoto Kan. After Prime Minister Kan's first cabinet reshuffle, he moved to the DPJ party leadership and became the first vice secretary-general of the party. He continued to be active in the Diet after leaving his cabinet post and became the chairman of the Welfare and Labour Committee in the House of Representatives in 2012.
In December the same year, a general election was held and the LDP returned into power. Amidst large swings against the DPJ, Nagatsuma managed to hold his seat. Nagatsuma and Akihisa Nagashima were the only DPJ representatives in Tokyo to win single-seat constituencies in the election. Nagashima was defeated in his district in 2014, leaving Nagatsuma as the only DPJ member with a constituency seat in Tokyo.
Nagatsuma continued to rise through the ranks of the party after the 2012 defeat. He became DPJ's deputy secretary-general in May 2013. After then-party leader Banri Kaieda was defeated in the 2014 election, Nagatsuma entered the race to succeed him, but lost to Katsuya Okada. Okada then appointed Nagatsuma to be the party's deputy leader, a position he held even after the merger with Japan Innovation Party.
After the election of Seiji Maehara as a president of the post-merger Democratic Party (DP) in September 2017, Nagatsuma was appointed as the party's election campaign committee and its Tokyo chapter chairman.
Formation of the CDP
Less than three weeks after the conclusion of the leadership race, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe called for a snap general election in October. Earlier on the day of the PM's declaration, Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike formed Kibō no Tō, intended to be a conservative alternative to the LDP. Many conservative-leaning DP members migrated en masse to Kibō after Maehara allowed DP members to run in the election under Kibō's banner. However, Koike imposed an ideological test that effectively barred liberal DP members from joining Kibō. This spurred DP deputy president Yukio Edano to form the CDP just three weeks before the election. Nagatsuma, a founding member, was tapped as the party's deputy leader.
The burgeoning CDP campaign received a surge of support in the run-up to election day. CDP made significant gains in the election across the country, becoming the country's largest opposition party. The surge was also replicated in Tokyo, where the campaign was led by Nagatsuma. LDP's majorities were cut in seats where CDP were contesting. Some were overturned, as in the case of former DPJ leaders Kan and Kaieda, who contested under the CDP banner and regained their seats. After the election, Nagatsuma became the CDP's Tokyo chapter head.
- 政治家情報 〜長妻 昭〜. ザ･選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
- "立憲、東京都連設立へ 週明けにも 民進離党組、合流か" [DP council members will split and join the CDP at the establishment of the party's Tokyo chapter] (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- Norimitsu Onishi, The New York Times, July 19, 2008: No Longer a Reporter, but a Muckraker Within Japan’s Parliament
- "幹事長代行を４人に 民主、参院選へ強化" (in Japanese). MSN Japan. Archived from the original on 2013-05-28. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
- Kyodo (20 January 2015). "Hosono, Nagatsuma, Renho named as DPJ executives". Japan Times. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "Ex-prosecutor to be tapped for Democratic Party's No. 2 slot" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 2017-09-03. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
- "民進都連 - 会長に長妻氏正式選出 臨時大会" (in Japanese). Mainichi Shimbun. 2017-09-13. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
- "立民 長妻代表代行 希望との連携に否定的" (in Japanese). NHK. Archived from the original on 2013-05-28. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
- Martin, Alex; Kikuchi, Daisuke (22 October 2017). "Top opposition forces see contrasting fates after poll". Japan Times. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- Official website in Japanese
| Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan
|House of Representatives of Japan|
| Representative for Tokyo's 7th district
| Representative for the Tōkyō PR block
| Representative for Tokyo's 7th district