Akershus

Akershus ([ˇɑːkəʂˌhʉːs] (listen)) is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it also has a short border with Sweden (Värmland). Akershus, with a little over 614,000 inhabitants, is the second most populated county by population after Oslo. The county is named after Akershus Fortress. The county administration is in Oslo, which is not part of the county per se.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951183,116    
1961234,323+28.0%
1971324,390+38.4%
1981369,193+13.8%
1991418,114+13.3%
2001471,988+12.9%
2011545,653+15.6%
2018614,026+12.5%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]
Religion in Akershus[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
81.48%
Islam
1.93%
Buddhism
0.35%
Other
16.24%
Akershus fylke
Akershus wheatfield in September 2012
Akershus within Norway
CountryNorway
CountyAkershus
RegionØstlandet
County IDNO-02
Administrative centreOslo
Government
  County mayorNils Aage Jegstad
  Høyre
  (2007present)
Area
  Total4,918 km2 (1,899 sq mi)
  Land4,579 km2 (1,768 sq mi)
Area rank#16 in Norway, 1.50% of Norway's land area
Population
 (30 September 2019)
  Total630,752
  Rank2 (10.67% of country)
  Density134/km2 (350/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
13.7 %
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language formBokmål
Income (per capita)182,400 NOK
GDP (per capita)228,868 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank3 (7.12% of country)
Websitewww.akershus.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Geography

The county is conventionally divided into the traditional districts Follo and Romerike, which fill the vast part of the county, as well as the small exclave west of Oslo that consists of Asker and Bærum. This resulted after the transfer of the great municipality of Aker (surrounding Oslo) from Akershus County to Oslo in 1948.

Embracing numerous suburbs of Oslo, notably Bærum, Akershus is one of the most densely populated areas in the country. The main national railway lines into Oslo run through Akershus with many junctions and stations such as Asker, Sandvika, Ski, and Lillestrøm. Akershus includes some of the lake Mjøsa and some of the river Glomma.

The county also includes the historical place Eidsvoll, 48 km north of Oslo, in which the national assembly ratified the Norwegian constitution in 1814. South of Eidsvoll is the international airport, Oslo Airport at Gardermoen. Oslo's previous international airport, Fornebu, is also located in Akershus. The estate of the crown prince is located in Asker (the royal palace is in Oslo).

Infrastructure

The county has two major hospitals, Akershus University Hospital and Sykehuset Asker og Bærum.

The main road from continental Europe, E6, enters Akershus in the south, and runs through eastern Oslo, further to Gardermoen, and into Hedmark County on the eastern shores of lake Mjøsa.

E18 enters Akershus in the south-east, merges for a short stretch with E6 at Vinterbro in Ås, before running under central Oslo. E18 then turns south-west through Bærum and Asker before entering Buskerud County north of Drammen.

E16 runs from the intersection with E18 in Sandvika into Buskerud County west of Sollihøgda.

All main railways out of Oslo run through Akershus:

History

Akershus became a fief in the 16th century, and then also included the current counties of Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, and Oslo, as well as the municipalities of Askim, Eidsberg, and Trøgstad in the county of Østfold. In 1662, Akershus became an Amt, and in 1685, Buskerud was separated from Akershus and became an Amt of its own. In 1768, Hedmark and Oppland were also separated from Akershus to become Oplandenes Amt (and Askim, Eidsberg, and Trøgstad were transferred to Østfold). In 1842, the city of Christiania (Oslo) was made a separate Amt, as well. In 1919, the term Amt was changed to Fylke. In 1948, Aker, the greatest and the most populous municipality of Akershus, was transferred to the county of Oslo.

Name

The county is named after Akershus Fortress. The fortress was built in 1299, and the meaning of the name is "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker". The name is somewhat misleading now, since the fortress is now outside Akershus (it is in Oslo County since 1842). In fact, the administration of Akershus sits outside the county, as well, in the centre of Oslo.

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1987). It shows a gable from Akershus Fortress.

Municipalities

Akershus has a total of 22 municipalities:

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
in Akershus by country of origin in 2017
[4]
NationalityPopulation (2017)
 Poland15,685
 Pakistan7,351
 Sweden7,050
 Lithuania5,090
 Iran4,472
 Vietnam4,252
 Iraq4,127
 Denmark3,643
 Philippines3,461
 Sri Lanka3,290
 Germany3,265
 Afghanistan3,053
 Somalia2,939
 Russia2,839
 India2,765
 UK2,381
 Eritrea2,310
 Kosovo2,233
 Thailand2,066
 Turkey1,812
 Bosnia-Herzegovina1,786
 Romania1,725
 China1,547
 Syria1,537
 USA1,320

Districts

Cities

Parishes

  • Asker
  • Aurskog
  • Bjørke
  • Blaker
  • Bærum
  • Drøbak
  • Eidsvoll
  • Enebakk
  • Feiring
  • Fenstad
  • Fet
  • Frogn
  • Frogner
  • Garder
  • Gjerdrum
  • Hakadal
  • Hemnes
  • Heni
  • Holter
  • Hovin
  • Hurdal
  • Hvitsten
  • Høland
  • Høvik
  • Kroer
  • Kråkstad
  • Langset
  • Lillestrøm
  • Løken, see Høland
  • Lørenskog
  • Maria kirke
  • Nannestad
  • Nes
  • Nesodden
  • Nittedal
  • Nordby
  • Oppegård
  • Rælingen
  • Setskog (Sitskogen)
  • Skedsmo
  • Ski
  • Stensgård
  • Søndre Høland
  • Sørum
  • Såner
  • Udenes
  • Ullensaker
  • Vestby
  • Vestre Bærum
  • Østre Bærum
  • Ås

Villages

Former Municipalities

References

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