Airco DH.16

The Airco DH.16 was a British four-seat commercial biplane of the 1910s designed by Geoffrey de Havilland, the chief designer at Airco.

DH.16
DH.16 of Aircraft Transport & Travel; probably Croydon, 1920
Role commercial biplane
Manufacturer Airco
First flight 1919
Introduction 1919
Retired 1923
Primary user Aircraft Transport and Travel
Number built 9

Design and development

The DH.16 was a redesigned Airco DH.9A with a wider fuselage, accommodating an enclosed cabin seating four passengers, plus the pilot in an open cockpit. In March 1919, the prototype first flew at Hendon Aerodrome. Nine aircraft were built, all but one being delivered to Aircraft Transport & Travel Limited (AT&T). AT&T used the first aircraft for pleasure flying, then on 25 August 1919 it inaugurated a London-to-Paris service.[1] One aircraft was sold to the River Plate Aviation Company in Argentina, to operate a cross-river service between Buenos Aires and Montevideo.[1]

AT&T operated the London (Hounslow Heath Aerodrome)-to-Paris service, plus a Croydon Airport-to-Amsterdam service on behalf of KLM. On 17 May 1920, an AT&T DH.16 (G-EALU) flew the first KLM service between London and Amsterdam.[1] In December 1920, AT&T closed down, and the surviving seven aircraft were stored. Two were later used for newspaper delivery flights, and the other five were scrapped. On 10 January 1923, one of the two newspaper delivery aircraft suffered a fatal crash, and DH.16s were withdrawn and scrapped.[2]

Variants

The first six aircraft were powered by a 320 hp (239 kW) Rolls Royce Eagle inline piston engine; the last three aircraft were fitted with the more powerful 450 hp (336 kW) Napier Lion engine.

Operators

 Argentina
  • River Plate Aviation Company – one former AT&T aircraft from 1920.
 Netherlands
 United Kingdom
  • Aircraft Transport and Travel Limited – all nine DH.16s operated from 1919 to 1922.
  • De Havilland Aeroplane Hire Service – two former AT&T aircraft from 1922 to 1923.

Specifications (DH.16 with Napier Lion engine)

Data from De Havilland Aircraft since 1909 [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 4 passengers[4]
  • Length: 31 ft 9 in (9.68 m)
  • Wingspan: 46 ft 5 78 in (14.170 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 4 in (3.45 m)
  • Wing area: 489 34 sq ft (45.50 m2)
  • Empty weight: 3,155 lb (1,431 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,750 lb (2,155 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Napier Lion 12-cylinder water-cooled W-block aircraft piston engine, 450 hp (340 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 136 mph (219 km/h, 118 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 100 mph (160 km/h, 87 kn)
  • Range: 425 mi (684 km, 369 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 21,000 ft (6,400 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min (5.1 m/s)

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References

  1. Jackson 1973, p.62.
  2. Jackson 1987, p.156.
  3. Jackson 1987, pp. 156–157.
  4. Jackson 1987, p. 154.

Bibliography

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985). Orbis Publishing.
  • Jackson, A.J. (1973). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 2. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10010-7.
  • Jackson, A.J. (1987). De Havilland Aircraft since 1909 (Third ed.). London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-802-X.
  • Hirschauer, Louis; Dollfus, Charles, eds. (1920). L'Année Aéronautique: 1919-1920. Paris: Dunod. p. 35.
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