Air transports of heads of state and government

Air transports for heads of state and government are, in many countries, provided by the air force in specially equipped airliners or business jets. One such aircraft in particular has become part of popular culture: Air Force One, used by the President of the United States and operated by the United States Air Force. Other well known official aircraft include the Russian presidential aircraft, the Royal Air Force VIP aircraft, the German Konrad Adenauer, Royal Australian Airforce VIP aircraft, the Japanese Air Force One, the Korean Code One, Air India One, and the Brazilian Air Force One.

Another well known means of transportation for world leaders is by helicopter. Helicopters are seen as not only cheaper and more cost effective but also more convenient than a motorcade. These include the US President's Marine One, the South Korean Presidential Helicopter, and the Brazilian Presidential Helicopter.

If officials do not have their own aircraft or if their VIP aircraft are under maintenance, then they would occasionally hire private jets. If that is the case, a flag/coat of arms decal/sticker would be added on near the door.


On 15 July 1910, Ferdinand I, the Tsar of Bulgaria, became the first head of state to fly in an aircraft during a visit to Belgium.[1][2]

The British Monarch became the first head of state or government to receive official and dedicated air transport when two Westland Wapitis were delivered to No. 24 Squadron RAF at RAF Northolt for the express purpose of the transportation of the Royal Family in 1928. Between 1929 and 1935, Edward, Prince of Wales, purchased 13 aircraft. Although the RAF maintained at least one of these aircraft for a time, the Prince of Wales eventually became solely responsible for them. When the prince ascended to the throne in 1936 as Edward VIII, The King's Flight was formed as the world's first head of state aircraft unit.[3] This unit initially used the King's own de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide; however, this was replaced in May 1937 by an Airspeed AS.6J Envoy III.

In the United States, prior to World War II, overseas and cross-country presidential travel was rare. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first president to fly in an aircraft while in office. During World War II, Roosevelt traveled on the Dixie Clipper, a Pan Am-crewed Boeing 314 flying boat, to the 1943 Casablanca Conference in Morocco. The flight covered 5,500 miles in three legs.[4][5] The first dedicated aircraft proposed for presidential use was a Consolidated C-87 Liberator Express VIP transport aircraft. This aircraft, tail number 41-24159, was re-modified in 1943 for use as a presidential VIP transport, the Guess Where II, intended to carry President Franklin D. Roosevelt on international trips.[6] The Secret Service subsequently reconfigured a Douglas C-54 Skymaster for duty as a presidential transport. This VC-54C aircraft, nicknamed the Sacred Cow, included a sleeping area, radio telephone, and retractable elevator to lift Roosevelt in his wheelchair. As modified, the VC-54C was used by President Roosevelt only once, on his trip to and from the Yalta Conference in February 1945.[5]

In the postwar period, governments around the world have instituted similar provisions for the official aerial transportation of their heads of state and government.

List of aircraft, by country


The government of Afghanistan have no official plane for travel purposes, though officials normally travel on national airlines Ariana Afghan Airlines or Kam Air. Occasionally, officials would travel on hired Azerbaijani aircraft, since Afghanistan and Azerbaijan have good diplomatic relations.


The government of Algeria since 2008, operated an Airbus A340-500.[7] They also can use a number of Gulfstream private jets. Upon their request, officials can also occasionally travel on rented Air Algerie aircraft.


The government of Angola operated a Bombardier Global Express, De Havilland Canada Dash 8, Gulfstream III and Dassault Falcon 7X in 2015.[8] Before, a Boeing 707 was used for VIP transport. Officials occasionally also tend to hire private jets from companies such as DeerJet, Aviation Link or Royal Jet.


Argentina operated a fleet of aircraft and helicopters for exclusive use by President of Argentina and his or her family. This set of aircraft was known as the Agrupación Aérea Presidencial (Spanish for Presidential Air Group) and belonged to one of the Departments of the Presidency, called the Military House ((in Spanish) Casa Militar). This was responsible for the presidential security and transportation. Incorporated during presidency of Carlos Menem to replace a Boeing 707, Boeing 757 T-01 was used for international visits. The Agrupación Aérea Presidencial was closed in 2016 by president Mauricio Macri, because of the high cost of repairs and maintenance and the lack of adequate pilots and spare parts. The fleet of the Presidential Air Group in 2014 was:

All aircraft from the Agrupación Aérea Presidencial are currently stored, however Mauricio Macri still uses the Boeing 737-500 for domestic and short-haul trips.


The Armenian Government operated an Airbus A319 in 2015.[10]


The Royal Australian Air Force has operated a number of specialised aircraft to transport the Queen of Australia, other members of the Royal Family, the Governor General of Australia, senior members of the Australian government, and other dignitaries.

The RAAF's current Special Purpose Aircraft are two leased Boeing Business Jets, three Bombardier Challengers and a single Dassault Falcon 7x which are operated by No. 34 Squadron RAAF and are based at Canberra Airport. The Boeing Business Jets are custom configured Boeing 737-700s fitted with facilities such as conference tables, offices suites, secure satellite and communication capabilities. The two planes have a longer range than is standard for Boeing Business Jets. The Prime Minister regularly makes use of the aircraft for domestic and international travel.

Prior to the acquisition of the 737s, passenger-configured RAAF Boeing 707s tanker-transports were used. These aircraft were larger than the 737s currently in use.

In August 2014, Defence Minister David Johnston announced the intention to convert a KC-30A multi-role tanker to VIP configuration whilst maintaining its ability to serve as a military tanker and transport aircraft.[1] The new plane has tail number A39-007. The new plane will be painted in "air force grey" rather than the current colour scheme.

Current RAAF VIP Aircraft:


The government of Austria never operated VIP transport aircraft, although there were plans in the late 1980s to acquire a BAe 146-100STA,[11] capable of being converted into a VIP configuration - however, the already painted and registered aircraft was never flown to Austria, as the deal had to be cancelled due to political pressure that led to tensions within the Austrian Government.[12] The head of state as well as members of the government are flown on scheduled flights, preferably using flag carrier Austrian Airlines, occasionally chartering smaller aircraft. Until the late 1990s, domestic VIP flights were operated by a four-seater Saab 105OE of the Austrian Air Force. For visits of peacekeeping missions of the Austrian Armed Forces, a Lockheed C-130K Hercules is still being used.


The President of Azerbaijan has three aircraft dedicated for his use: an Airbus A319 "Baku" owned directly by the government, a Boeing 767-300ER "Baku-1" owned directly by the government, and a leased Airbus A340-600 "Baku-8".[13] All three aircraft are equipped with jamming equipment, anti-missile systems, and midair refueling equipment. Other aircraft operated by the government are a number of Gulfstreams, and a now-retired Tupolev Tu-154.


A Biman Boeing 777-300ER (left) and Boeing 787-8 (right), which are mostly used by PM for VVIP trips

The President and the Prime Minister of Bangladesh travel on specially reserved aircraft of the country's national flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines. For long distance flights or flights with an especially large entourage, usually a Boeing 777-300ER aircraft is used, whereas for medium to short distance flights Airbus A310 aircraft were used until being phased out in September 2016 and replaced by newly introduced Boeing 787 Dreamliner[14] In many cases, two Biman aircraft are reserved for government flights, one as a standby aircraft.

The Bangladesh Air Force has a VVIP fleet of four helicopters, two Mil Mi-17s and two Bell 212s. One is always reserved for VVIP flights. The other three are for carrying the staff and entourage.


The Bahrain Royal Flight operates a Boeing 747-400 and Boeing 747SP. Also still listed is a Boeing 727. In 2013 it acquired the only VIP 767-400 in the world, which originally was the prototype Northrop Grumman E-10 MC2A.

Other aircraft include:

Boeing 747SP1
Boeing 747-4001
Boeing 7271
BAe 1461
Bell 4301
Gulfstream IV2
Gulfstream G4501
Gulfstream G5501
Gulfstream G6501
Sikorsky S-761
Sikorsky S-921


Boeing BBJ1
Boeing 767-300ER1
Tupolev Tu-1541

The airline Belavia operates a Boeing 767-300ER, a Boeing BBJ and a Tupolev Tu-154M on behalf of the government for use of the President and Prime Minister.


For the transport of the royal family and the members of the Government, Belgium has the following aircraft from the 15th Wing Transport of the Air Component of the Armed Forces: one leased Airbus A321, one Dassault Falcon 900, one Embraer ERJ 135s and two Embraer ERJ 145s.[15]

Airbus A3211
Dassault Falcon 9001
Embraer ERJ 1351
Embraer ERJ 1452


The Government of Benin operated a Boeing 727 in 2015.[16] They also operated a now-retired Boeing 707.


The King and the Government of Bhutan use an Airbus A319 from the national flag carrier Druk Air for all travel.


The Bolivian Air Force operates a Rockwell Sabreliner business-jet, acquired in 1975 for use by the President and government officials. In July 2010, the Bolivian government bought a Dassault Falcon 900EX for use by the President. In July 2013, the Bolivian government acquired a Dassault Falcon 50EX for use by the Executive Body.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina operated a Cessna Citation I and a Cessna CitationJet in 2015.[16]


The Botswana Defence Force operated a Bombardier Global Express in 2015.[16] It previously operated a Gulfstream IV.


The main Presidential aircraft used by the Brazilian Government is a modified Airbus A319, designated by the Brazilian Air Force as VC-1A and officially christened as the "Santos-Dumont", after the Brazilian aviation pioneer. The VC-1A is used for transporting the President on international medium-range travel, and for long-range the government use a Boeing 767 leased from 2017 to 2025.[17] For short-range flights the President is transported in one of the two modified Embraer 190 presidential jets. When an aircraft is transporting the President of Brazil it uses the callsign Força Aérea 01 (Air Force One), ICAO code BRS01.

The Special Transport Group (GTE) of the Brazilian Air Force is responsible for transporting the President, the Vice-President and senior ministers of the Brazilian Government. The GTE comprises 22 aircraft:

The fleet is headquartered at the Brasília Air Force Base (BABR).

Brunei Darussalam

His Majesty The Sultan's Flight (HMSF) has several aircraft in VIP configuration exclusively for the Sultan of Brunei and members of the Royal Family.


In Bulgaria governmental VIP air transport is provided by 28th Air Detachment - a civilian state-owned company under the Prime Minister of Bulgaria's office. As of 2018 it operates an Airbus A319, a Dassault Falcon 2000, 2 Mil Mi-8s and an Agusta AW-109 Power for use by the President, the Prime Minister and other state officials.

Burkina Faso

The government of Burkina Faso operates a Boeing 727 (registration XT-BFA) for medium range travel. For longer trips, it charters various business jets.


The government of Burundi operated a Gulfstream IV in 2015.[18]


The Kingdom of Cambodia operated an Airbus A320 in 2015.[18]


The government of Cameroon operated a Gulfstream III in 2015,[18] but also have the option to hire private jets from private companies such as Mid East Jet, Comlux and Aviation Link for travel.


The Royal Canadian Air Force operates five Airbus A310-300s (CC-150 Polaris), flown by crews of 437 Transport Squadron based at CFB Trenton; four are configured as normal airliners with cargo transport and aerial refuelling capability, while one, No. 001, is operated in a VIP configuration and charged with flying the monarch, other members of the Royal Family, the governor general, the prime minister, and other high-ranking government officials and foreign dignitaries. The CC-150 Polaris is primarily used for long distance trips; for short distance trips, four Bombardier Challenger 600 business jets (CC-144), operated by 412 Squadron are used.[19][20]

Central African Republic

Central African Republic government officials normally travel on charter flight, e.g. When the president Faustin-Archange Touadéra travelled to Beijing for the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation summit, he flew on a chartered Air France Boeing 777.


The government of Chad operated a McDonnell Douglas MD-87 in 2015.[21] They also operated a Boeing Business Jet and an ATR 72. For two years, they also travelled on a Comlux Malta Boeing 767-200, registration P4-CLA.


The transportation of the President was in charge of the formerly state-owned flag carrier Lan Airlines, providing a Boeing 707 or a Boeing 737-200.

Nowadays, the transportation is under the responsibility of the Chilean Air Force, which operates the following aircraft:

Formerly, FACh used a Boeing 707-320C which is still in service for military purposes.

China (People's Republic of China)

Air transportation for the general secretary, President, Premier or other government officials of China is managed and operated by the 34th division of People's Liberation Army Air Force. Eight Boeing 737-300s and two 737-700s are used for these missions.

A secondhand Boeing 767-300ER was purchased by the Chinese government for use by the then leader Jiang Zemin in 2000. An international incident occurred in 2001 when the government claimed it had discovered 27 bugs embedded in the aircraft's interior.[23] The aircraft had been refitted in San Antonio, Texas. It has since been converted back to a normal passenger airliner and sold.[24]

A commercial Air China Boeing 747-4J6 is converted for international travel when necessary. The three 747-400 used for this purpose have the following registrations: B-2445, B-2447, B-2472. At least one of them are specially retrofitted during official use and returns to commercial service afterwards.[25][26]

An Air China Boeing 747-8I with registration B-2479 was converted and tested for exclusive use as head of state transport. Although no official photos have been released, people speculate that the interior is fitted with conference tables, private bedrooms, office suites, and more.[27][28]

Lower officials such as the Vice-President, are transported in an Air China Airbus A330 under the registration B-6130.

In order not to confuse air traffic control between a VIP flight and a normal flight, planes carrying government officials fly under the callsign CA1 to CA99, since all commercial callsigns of Air China are from CA100 and above.


In 1933, Colombia acquired its first presidential transport aircraft, a Junkers Ju 52/3m, one of the most advanced aircraft of that time. It served former President Enrique Olaya Herrera until its retirement from service in 1950. From 1953 to 1972, a Douglas C-54 Skymaster served as the presidential aircraft starting with the dictatorship of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla (1953–57).

In 1972 a new Fokker F28-1000 became the presidential aircraft during the presidency of Misael Pastrana Borrero.

In 2005, Colombia operated the following aircraft for presidential transport:

Boeing 737-7001
Fokker F28 Fellowship2
Embraer Legacy 6001
Learjet 601
Bell 4122
Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk1

The Colombian president may use the modified "Jupiter" Boeing KC-767 for longer-range flights.

Costa Rica

The Air Surveillance Service is a department in the Ministry of Public Security which is in charge of police surveillance in airspace. This department has one Beechcraft King Air F90-1 and one MD 600N helicopter. The aircraft are available for surveillance and transportation for the President of Costa Rica and other government dignitaries. In 2018 Costa Rica bought one Beechcraft King Air 250.[29]


Pilots of the Croatian Air Force fly a low-visibility grey VIP-configured Challenger CL-604 9A-CRO business-jet, acquired in August 1997 to be used by the President, Government and Parliament officials, and other users upon the approval of the Prime Minister, especially in the case of flights for the transportation of organs or seriously injured persons.[30] Additionally, Mil Mi-8-1 twin-turbine helicopter is occasionally used for the short-range travel within the country. Directorate for the Use of Official Aircraft is an expert service of the Government that operates the aircraft.[31]


Transportation for the Cuban President is the responsibility of Cubana de Aviación, one of Cuba's state-owned airlines. Although the entire fleet is available for presidential use, the most commonly used aircraft are 2 Ilyushin Il-96.

The government of Cuba operated an Ilyushin Il-62 and Ilyushin Il-96 in 2015.[32]


The government of Cyprus use a rented Dassault Falcon 7X for travel.

Czech Republic

The Czech Air Force operates two Airbus A319CJs, a Bombardier Challenger 600, two Yakovlev Yak-40 aircraft and Mil Mi-8 helicopters for VIP transport, primarily that of the President, Prime Minister, and members of Government and Parliament of the Czech Republic.


The Royal Danish Air Force operates four Bombardier Challenger 604s for VIP transport, primarily that of the government and The Danish Royal Family. These aircraft are also used for environmental control and fishery control around Greenland and the North Sea. Furthermore, the Danish Royal Family have one AgustaWestland EH101 Merlin at their disposal. Ministers also fly on commercial airlines such as Scandinavian Airlines.


Djibouti government has a Dassault Falcon 7X.

Dominican Republic

The Air Force of the Dominican Republic or Fuerza Aérea de República Dominicana maintains the presidential helicopter fleet, which includes a Bell 430 and Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin and Eurocopter EC155 models, to transport the President of the Dominican Republic, Danilo Medina. For overseas and long distance travel the president is transported on an Aero Commander 500.

The government of the Dominican Republic operated a Beech Super King Air in 2015.[32]


Ecuador has a Dassault Falcon 7X and an Embraer Legacy 600 for presidential long and short range transport respectively, both acquired in recent years by Rafael Correa's government.[33] They replaced an older fleet of Rockwell Sabreliners and Avro 748s. Aircraft from the flag-carrier airline TAME's fleet, including Airbus A319 and Embraer E-Jets can also be drafted for government use.


The government of Egypt operated an Airbus A340-200 along with a number of business jets including the Gulfstream IV and Dassault Falcon 20s in 2015.[34]

The first presidential aircraft in Egypt was a gift from Saudi Arabia to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Before that, the President of Egypt, Gamal Abdel Nasser, traveled using a rented aircraft from Egypt Air.

In addition to air force aircraft, a number of aircraft are directly under government control to transfer the President of Egypt, presidential logistics, the Prime Minister and members of the government, including:

Aircraft Origin In Service
Airbus A340-200France1
Beechcraft Super King AirUSA4
Boeing 707USA1
Boeing 737-800USA4
Dassault Falcon 20France3
Dassault Falcon 7XFrance4
Dassault Falcon 8XFrance1
Gulfstream IIIUSA2
Gulfstream IVUSA4
VC-130H HerculesUSA1
Sikorsky H-3 Sea KingUSA2
Sikorsky UH-60 Black HawkUSA2
Westland Commando MK-2BUK2

El Salvador

El Salvador's President Mauricio Funes uses a de luxe version of the Bell 412 helicopter for local flights. The President also has military aircraft, helicopters and a presidential turboprop for his use.

For international flights, a Beechjet 400A is used from its base at Ilopango Airport in the capital, San Salvador.


The government of Eritrea operated a Bombardier Challenger in 2015.[35]


The government of Eswatini operates McDonnell Douglas MD-87 and Airbus A340-300.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
McDonnell Douglas MD-80 1
Airbus A340-300 1
Total 2


Finnish officials do not have individually allotted aircraft. The president and cabinet ministers usually travel on commercial flights. However, the Finnish Air Force operates three Learjet 35 aircraft with limited transport capability for use by senior government and military officials. Helicopters of the Finnish Army or Coast Guard are utilized to provide transport to senior officials on some domestic trips.[36]

Prime minister Juha Sipilä, an avid aviator, has also made official trips with aircraft that he has personally flown and paid for, such as a Cessna CitationJet/M2 525[37] and a Scanwings Cessna 525 (OH-SWI). The longest trip was to Ulaan Baatar in 2016.[38] The government leases private jets from companies such as Jetflite Oy.


The Escadron de transport, d'entrainement et de calibration 00.065 (ETEC 65, "Transportation, training and calibration squadron") is the unit of the French Air Force, under direct command of the Minister of Defence, in charge of the transportation of the President, the Prime Minister and other French government officials.

The Escadron de transport, d'entrainement et de calibration operates four Dassault Falcon 50s, two Dassault Falcon 900s, two Dassault Falcon 7Xs and an Airbus A330-200. Additionally, the unit operates three VIP-configured Super Puma helicopters.

French officials also use the aircraft of the Escadron de transport 3/60 Esterel, which operates three Airbus A310-304 and two Airbus A340-200s.


The government of Gambia operated a Boeing 727 and Bombardier Challenger in 2015, the previously used Ilyushin Il-62 was stored.[39]


Before 2016, the Gabonese government operated one second-hand Boeing 777-200 for use by the President of Gabon. It was previously owned by British Airways, Khalifa Airways, leased from Air Algerie, then stored at Boeing after the lease. After it was bought, the aircraft was ferried to Charlotte Airport to be converted to VIP use, then ferried to Libreville. Due to the Gabonese government failing to pay US$8 million for cabin outfitting, it was impounded at Orly Airport in February 2015 before returning to service two months later. It is currently stored. Nowadays, the government travels on rented private jets.


The fleet used by Germany's senior government officials consists of twelve aircraft:

They use two Airbus A340-313X VIP aircraft, previously of Germany's Lufthansa, redesigned by Lufthansa Technik in a VIP configuration, including sleeping rooms and an anti-missile system.[41] The aircraft are named after Konrad Adenauer, the first chancellor of (West) Germany, and Theodor Heuss, its first President. Until 2011 Germany's government officials used two Airbus A310-304 VIP carrying the same names, previously of East Germany's Interflug. In April 2019, Germany's "Luftwaffe" ordered three Airbus A350-900 as their new government planes and as a replacement for the aging A340s.

In Summer 2019, the Luftwaffe also ordered three Bombardier Global 6000 as an addition to the existing fleet.


Georgian Airways operated a single Bombardier Challenger 850 since 2007 to carry the President of Georgia and government officials. In 2011, a Gulfstream 450 was added to its inventory, possibly replacing the Challenger in its VIP transport role.[42]


Guatemalan President usually travels in a Guatemalan Air Force Beechcraft King Air 300 turboprop aircraft, with capacity for 10 passengers, for international travels, or in a Guatemalan Air Force Bell 412 helicopter for travels inside Guatemala. For longer flights, or flights when the Guatemalan Air Force aircraft are unavailable, the president has been known to travel using commercial travel, or rented civilian aircraft.[43]


The government of Ghana operated a Dassault Falcon 900EX in 2015.[44]


Greece's prime minister has a Gulfstream V at his disposal, which is under the operational command of the Hellenic Air Force. The aircraft was bought by the government of Costas Simitis for the needs of Greece's 2003 EU presidency and the preparations of the 2004 Olympic Games. The VIP transport squadron (112 Combat Wing at the Elefsis Air Force Base) of the Hellenic Air Force also operates two Embraer business jets. For long haul flights the Prime Minister and other officials used one of the Airbus A340-300s of the government owned Olympic Airlines when they were still in service. The A340 aircraft were used for the official visit of the Greek Prime minister to Australia in 2007.

Two other aircraft used over the last two decades for the same purpose raised controversy. A Dassault Falcon 900 had a range of technical problems culminating in an accident that cost the life of the deputy minister of foreign affairs Giannos Kranidiotis and five other people due to severe in-flight pitch oscillations 20 minutes before landing at Bucharest on 9 September 1999.[45]

Under executive order 2954/28-8-12, the Greek government bestowed the 30-seat Embraer to the Hellenic Air Force to be used for pilot training, patient airlift and organ transplant transportation.


The Honduran President used an IAI Westwind aircraft owned by the Honduran Air Force until October 2014 when it was changed for an Embraer Legacy 600.[46]

Hong Kong

The chief executive of Hong Kong travels on commercial aircraft, usually operated by Cathay Pacific. She travels within the territory on helicopters operated by the Government Flying Service.


The Hungarian government uses a Dassault Falcon 7X and two Airbus A319 airliners.


Air India One (AIC001) is the call-sign of any aircraft with the President of India, Vice President of India or the Prime Minister of India on board.[47] Air India One is operated by the Indian Air Force. Since 2003 one of four Boeing 747-400s of Air India have been used for international travel. The 747-400s are to be replaced by Boeing 777-300ERs.[48] The 777-300ERs are to be inducted in the end of 2018 or start of 2019. Other than the Boeing 747s there are three Boeing 737BBJ aircraft used for domestic travel. The 747-400s are fitted with encrypted satellite communication facilities and advanced navigation aids. The jets are also equipped with an advanced missile warning system, a missile deflecting shield and electronic counter measures so as to provide protection from any ground-based or air-borne threats and flares and glares for misleading the missile.

In 2008, the Indian Air Force inducted three Boeing Business Jets which are used by President of India, Vice President of India or the Prime Minister of India.[49] These aircraft have a range of 3,000 to 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km) and are fitted with encrypted satellite communication facilities and advanced navigation aids. These BBJ are used for domestic travel and nearby International trips. The jets are also equipped with an advanced missile warning system, a missile deflecting shield and electronic counter measures so as to provide protection from any ground-based or air-borne threats. The other aircraft used are four 14 seater Embraer 135, four 20 seater Embraer 145 for other government officials.[50]

Apart from these aircraft there are several helicopters used such as Mi-8 for carrying the President and Prime Minister for travelling a short distance. These aircraft and helicopters are operated by the Indian Air Force.


As a sprawling vast archipelagic nation,[51] the Indonesian President needs a reliable, safe and secure VVIP air transportation quite frequently, either to visit Indonesian provinces, as well as to attend international summits, meetings or to pay official foreign visits. Since April 2014, Indonesia has acquired Indonesia One, an aircraft dedicated solely for presidential use. This aircraft allows the president and his entourage to enjoy cross-continental trips in ease.[52]

Prior to having their own aircraft, the President of Indonesia and the Vice President formerly used aircraft chartered from Garuda Indonesia for their air travels. Boeing 737-800s were used for domestic flights and short-range international flights; and Airbus A330-300s were used for most overseas trips and state visits. The Indonesian Air Force also has special VIP squadrons for the President, Vice President and government ministers. These are the 17th Air Squadron (Indonesian: Skadron Udara 17) operating Avro RJ85, Boeing 737-200, Boeing 737-400, Fokker F28-1000 and Lockheed C-130 Hercules fixed-wing aircraft; and the 45th Air Squadron (Indonesian: Skadron Udara 45) flying Aérospatiale AS 332L-1 Super Puma helicopters. All these aircraft and helicopters are based at Halim Perdanakusuma Airforce Base, Jakarta. Almost all presidential flights depart from there.

On 10 April 2014, Indonesian presidential aircraft was delivered to Jakarta.[53] The government claimed the cost of operating its own aircraft would be lower than chartering Garuda aircraft.[54][55] The aircraft is the Boeing Business Jet variant of the 737-800. The aircraft specifications were designed to meet the specific safety requirements and security standards of Indonesia's VVIP air transportation,[56] which includes a high-end self-defense system.[52]


Until the early 2010s, the president and other high-ranking government officials of Iran were still using the aged but famous Shahin, a special VIP designed Boeing 707 which was ordered and purchased by the Shah of Iran in the 1970s. It was initially far more luxuriously outfitted than US Air Force One, but after the Iranian Revolution it was redesigned as a normal VIP aircraft. Another VIP airliner, an Airbus A321 which was purchased during the 1990s, is also used on medium range trips of high officials such as the Foreign Minister, the Speaker of Parliament and the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council. The other VIP aircraft in use by the government consist of one Dassault Falcon 20, three Dassault Falcon 50s and a Lockheed JetStar all operated by the Iranian Air Force, and an Airbus A340-300, operated (along with the A321) by Meraj Airlines. The government of Iran had also occasionally chartered an A340-300 from Mahan Air prior to the acquisition of the current A340-300.


Prior to 2014, the government of Iraq used a Boeing 767-200. Former President Saddam Hussein had his own personal Boeing 747SP for his travel as well as few Boeing 727s and Dassault Falcons for Governmental use.


The Irish Ministerial Air Transport Service (MATS) is part of the Irish Air Corps, it provides secure transport to the President of Ireland, the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, and members of the government and their staff, both within and outside Ireland.

A Learjet 45 is currently used. Until recently, a Gulfstream IV was also part of the fleet.[57] The Air Corps AW139 helicopters are also used as government transport.[58]


The State of Israel does not currently possess a specific jet for use of its heads of state. Whenever the current Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu flies long distances (out of the country), the government leases an airliner from El Al, the country's flag carrier. Meanwhile, the President Reuven Rivlin and other high-ranking dignitaries are relegated to El Al first-class commercial service. For short distance travels, a short-haul El Al aircraft or a low cost aircraft is used.

In 2016 approval was given for the acquisition of a dedicated aircraft for use by the Prime Minister. An aircraft was acquired and is currently undergoing a reported US$70 million modification program, much of which is classified but will include advanced secure communications capabilities as well as advanced missile defense system supplied by the Israeli electronics firm Elbit.

The aircraft was publicly exposed in late October 2019 to be an ex-Qantas Boeing 767-300ER,with the new tail number 4X-ISR.[59] The aircraft is scheduled to enter service in late 2019.[60]


The Italian Air Force operates three Airbus Corporate Jets. One Airbus is equipped with 30 seats for use by the Prime Minister or President, the other aircraft each have 50 seats for use of government officials. Two smaller Dassault Falcon 50s and three Dassault Falcon 900s are also used for government transport. Two AgustaWestland AW139 are operated for use by the President and government officials, and are also used by the Pope. An Airbus A340-500 was leased for longer-distance trips by the Italian Prime Minister or President in 2016 and phased out in 2018. All aircraft and helicopters are operated by the 31st Wing based in Rome Ciampino Airport.[61]

Ivory Coast

The Ivorian government uses a Gulfstream IV as a VIP aircraft. Furthermore, it also uses an Airbus A319 which has replaced a Boeing 727.


The Jamaican government charters either an Airbus A340 for long haul flights and or a Boeing BBJ 737-800 for shorter journeys. Various helicopters from the Jamaica Defense Force fleet may also be used.


Japan Air Self-Defense Force operates two Boeing 777-300ER aircraft for use by the Prime Minister, the Emperor, Empress and other members of the Imperial Family.

They have the radio callsigns Japanese Air Force One and Japanese Air Force Two when operating on official business, and Cygnus One and Cygnus Two when operating outside of official business (e.g., on training flights and ferry flights). The aircraft always fly together on government missions, with one serving as the primary transport and the other serving as a backup with maintenance personnel on board. The aircraft are officially referred to as Japanese government exclusive aircraft (日本国政府専用機 Nippon-koku seifu sen'yōki).

Until March 2019, two Boeing 747-400 aircraft were used. The aircraft were constructed at the Boeing factory at the same time as the United States Air Force One VC-25s, though the US aircraft were built to the 747-200 design, while the Japanese aircraft were built to the more contemporary 747-400 design. Both Japanese aircraft were delivered in 1990.[62]


The King of Jordan uses an Airbus A340-600 Prestige operated by Royal Jordanian Airlines. The members of the royal family and government officials also use an Airbus A318-112 Elite.


The Kazakhstan government fleet consists of the following aircraft (August 2015):


The government of Kenya operated a Fokker 70 officially named "Harambee One" in 2015. It was purchased in 1995 and used for the first time on 26 January 1996 by retired President Daniel Moi.[63] Prior to the purchase of the Fokker, the Kenyan President primarily used Kenya Airways for his international travel. The Presidential fleet also includes Bombardier Dash 8 and Aerospatiale Puma, mostly for domestic travel.

Korea, North (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un travels overseas on one of two VIP configured Ilyushin Il-62M aircraft of the Korean People's Army Air Force operated by Air Koryo crew, known as Chammae-1.[64][65] Kim Jong-un's private aircraft is known as Goshawk-1.[66]

Korea, South (Republic of Korea)

Since April 2010, a Boeing 747-400, leased from Korean Air to the Republic of Korea Air Force, conducts official international travels by the President of South Korea. The aircraft is based in Seoul Air Base and operational support is provided by Korean Air. At first, even pilots and flight attendants were from Korean Air,[67] but now, experienced pilots from the Republic of Korea Air Force operate the plane. The lease, renewed in December 2014, lasts until April 2020 and in June 2018, the government requested Korean Air and Asiana airlines to confirm their bids for the next contract.[68] Before the 747-400 was leased, the President used a Boeing 737-300 (mentioned later / still in service) for short distance trips and chartered a Boeing 747 aircraft belonging to Korean Air or Asiana Airlines for longer distance trips. In the latter case, the presidential seal would be mounted on the forward passenger door to show that that aircraft is carrying the President.

The VIP aircraft, known by the callsign "Code One", has been highly modified with much of the technology onboard being classified. What is publicly known is that the VIP aircraft has infrared vision, secure satellite communication, secure telephone communications, a missile defense system, a missile deflection system, and is made out of a special metal to reduce its radar footprint. It also has had a complete renovation of the interior of the plane, turning the plane into a flying command center so the President can continue his or her duties. While the President is flying there is also an identical plane flying at the same time used as a decoy as well as a spare so if anything were to go wrong with the main aircraft that the President is on board the president can immediately be put on board the second VIP aircraft where he or she can resume their duties safely. Code One is based out of Seoul Air Base where it is held in a secret hangar where it is protected at all times by the Presidential Security Service and the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. The aircraft .

The Air Force also operates one Boeing 737-300 and several CASA/IPTN CN-235s for government travel. The 737, in service since 1983, served its first presidential visit to Pyongyang in 2000.

The highly modified VIP helicopter. Of what is publicly known is that the helicopter has secure telephone communications, secure satellite communications, Infrared vision, missile defense system and just like Code One the helicopter is also made out of a special metal that makes it hard to detect on radar systems. While the helicopter is flying there are two others flying at the same time which are used as decoys but also as spares so if anything were to go wrong with the helicopter that the President is flying on he or she can immediately get put on one of the spare helicopters to resume their duties safely. The helicopter is based at Seoul Air Base.

A Sikorsky S-92, acquired in 2007, is the presidential helicopter.


Until April 2013, the Emir of Kuwait used a Boeing 747-400; since then he has used either one of two Airbus A340-500 airframes equipped with military defense equipment to protect the aircraft from any potential attacks, or since 2016, a Boeing 747-8 equipped similarly to the A340s. The aircraft are also used by the Crown Prince of Kuwait.

The rest of the official state aircraft used by senior ruling family members and cabinet members consist of:

Airbus A3001
Airbus A3101
Airbus A3191
Airbus A3201
Airbus A340-5001
Boeing 737-900ER1
Boeing 747-4001
Boeing 747-81
Gulfstream G5501
Gulfstream V4


The government of Kyrgyzstan operated a single Tupolev Tu-154M in 2015.[69]


For his local and regional trips, the Lebanese president uses a Lebanese Air Force VIP variant of an AgustaWestland AW139 code named "Cedar 1"; the helicopter was a gift from the Emir of Qatar HH Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. The Lebanese president uses Middle East Airlines (MEA) jets for his international trips. MEA aircraft use "Cedar Jet 1" as a special call sign when they are transporting the president.


The government of Libya operated an Airbus A340-200 and a Dassault Falcon 900EX in 2015.[69]


The President and the government of Lithuania use one of the three Alenia C-27J Spartans of the Lithuanian Air Force in a passenger configuration.[70]


A private Cessna 550 Citation II, a Learjet 35A or even a 737-700 chartered from the Luxembourgish flag carrier Luxair Luxembourg Airlines are sometimes used for governmental flights.[71]


The Chief Executive of Macau travels abroad (and to mainland China destinations) on commercial aircraft operated by Air Macau, the de facto flag carrier of the territory. As Macau is a small locale, there is no need for air travel within the territory.


The government of Madagascar operated a Boeing 737-300 in 2015.[69]


President Peter Mutharika travels abroad on chartered aircraft.


Malaysia's Prime Minister and Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Ruling Monarch) travel aboard an Airbus ACJ319 operated by the Royal Malaysian Air Force. The Airbus ACJ319 was purchased in 2015. Other aircraft in use include a Dassault Falcon 900, Fokker F28 Fellowship, Bombardier Global Express BD-700 and a Boeing 737 BBJ.[72] [73]


The government of Mali operated a Boeing 737-700/BBJ in 2015.[74]


Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz does not own a personal aircraft. Instead, whenever he travels overseas or domestically, he borrows a Mauritania Airlines Boeing 737-700 registration 5T-CLC, or an Embraer 145 of unknown registration converted into a VIP configuration. Recently, on his trips to New York, Pyongyang and Beijing, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz flew in Mauritania Airlines’ first Boeing 737 MAX 8, registration 5T-CLJ.


As of February 2016, the air fleet of the President of Mexico has a total of 18 aircraft which are described below:

Boeing 787-81
Boeing 757-2001
Boeing 737-3002
Gulfstream III2
Learjet 35A2
Aero Commander 500 family1
Gulfstream IV1
Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma2
Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma5
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma2

In 2012, the Mexican government announced the acquisition through a 15-year lease of a Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner. The new presidential aircraft (TP-01) incorporates modern security systems; named José María Morelos y Pavón, it started operations in December 2015. President Enrique Peña Nieto used the aircraft for the first time at the Air Force 101st anniversary ceremony on 10 February 2016.

Newly elected president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (2018) has promised to sell all the fleet and fly commercial and use the money for social projects for the poor.


In the 1990s, the Moldovan government operated a single Tupolev TU-134 for use by the government. In the 2000s, it was retired, and the Moldovan government leased an Air Moldova Yakovlev Yak-40 for VIP use. That was retired too, and the most recent aircraft used by the President or Prime Minister is an Air Moldova Airbus A320 family jet.


The Prince and the Monegasque government (including the Minister of State (Monaco)) use a Dassault Falcon 7X based in the French airport of Nice Côte d'Azur Airport. [75]


The Mongolian President and Prime Minister with other Parliament members use a Boeing 767-300ER or Boeing 737-800 for short to medium range from Government owned by MIAT Mongolian Airlines. In domestic routes head of Mongolia and other government officials use Saab 340B or Fokker 50 chartered from Eznis Airways and Aero Mongolia. Currently Mongolian Government is in talks with Cessna to purchase Cessna Citation jets. The number is unknown.


The Government of Montenegro operates one Learjet 45 for VIP transport.


The Moroccan Air Force operates a fleet of VIP aircraft for use by Moroccan officials, including King Mohammed VI and Prime Minister Saadeddine Othmani:

Boeing 747-81
Boeing 737-8001
Cessna Citation X2
Cessna Citation V2
Dassault Falcon 501
Dassault Falcon 101
Gulfstream II1
Gulfstream III1
Gulfstream G5502
Gulfstream G6501
British Aerospace 1461
AgustaWestland AW1391

A fleet of smaller jets and Beechcraft Super King Air 200/350 turboprops, is also occasionally used for VIP-transport of the royal family, ministers and armed forces senior staff.


The Namibian government uses a Dassault Falcon 7x and Dassault Falcon for VIP transport. Also Learjet 31A and soon to be acquired Learjet 45 plus two AW139 helicopters for Domestic use by VIP


The present President of Nepal, Prime Minister of Nepal and other senior government officials travel on regular scheduled commercial flights or chartered flights by either Nepal Airlines or Himalaya Airlines. There is no plane used specifically for the VIP operations.[76]


The Netherlands government operated a Fokker 70 as a means of transport for the Dutch Royal family and government officials, such as the prime minister and other ministers. It was used to attend international conferences, but also for private trips by the King Willem Alexander and Queen Maxima. The registration was PH-KBX; PH for the Netherlands and KBX for 'Koningin BeatriX' or Queen Beatrix. The previous aircraft, a Fokker F28 Fellowship, was registered PH-PBX, with PBX for 'Princess BeatriX'. The aircraft was maintained by KLM Cityhopper. The aircraft was retired in May 2017, in line with the withdrawal of the Fokker 70 from KLM Cityhopper's fleet.[77] The Fokker F70 is replaced by a Boeing 737 BBJ in 2019 at a cost of 89m Euro, it is registered PH-GOV (GOVernment).[78][79]

A Gulfstream IV of the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) is also available.

For long haul trips, aircraft belonging to the commercial airline Royal Dutch Airlines (KLM) are used. Often the upper deck of a Boeing 747 is used. Sometimes the Fokker 70 is sent ahead; for the long stretch a KLM flight is used and for the final trip the Fokker. King Willem-Alexander has a Fokker 70/100 type rating and is often seen as pilot on these trips. To keep his licence current he sometimes flew with KLM Cityhopper on scheduled flights.[80] As part of the KLM Fokker drawdown, King Willem-Alexander is training on mainline KLM Boeing 737 aircraft to qualify to fly the new VIP aircraft.

New Zealand

The Royal New Zealand Air Force maintains two Boeing 757-200s which are occasionally used to transport the Governor-General, the Prime Minister, various other government officials, as well as the Queen of New Zealand and members of the Royal Family when on New Zealand business. As multi-role aircraft, they are more often used as transport aircraft for troops or freight. Generally, the Prime Minister and government officials use commercial or chartered flights (with Air New Zealand where available) to travel both domestically and internationally. The 757s replaced a pair of aging Boeing 727s.


The Government of Niger used to operate a Boeing 737-200Adv for official flights. This was stored in 2014 and replaced by a Boeing 737-700 (BBJ).[81]


The Nigerian Air Force currently maintains a Boeing Business Jet (737) as a means of transport for the President of Nigeria. The aircraft is known as "Eagle One" and is marked NAF-001. In addition, there is a Gulfstream V-SP, a Gulfstream 550, two Falcon 7Xs, a Dornier Do 228 and three A139 helicopters. The Falcon 900s (two), a GIV-SP, and G II were all sold. A Citation Bravo and Hawker 800 were returned to the Air Force.

North Macedonia

The government of the Republic of North Macedonia operated a Learjet 25B and a Learjet 60 in 2015.[69]


The air transport of the King and Prime Minister of Norway is mostly handled by commercial airliners with the VIPs travelling as normal passengers. However, the Norwegian government will charter small private jets for government ministers when needed. The Royal Norwegian Air Force 717 Squadron at Rygge Air Station also maintain one Dassault Falcon 20 (5–9 passengers) for VIP-transport of the royal family, ministers and armed forces senior staff.


The Oman Royal Flight operates a Boeing 747-400, Boeing 747SP, two Gulfstream IVs and an Airbus A320. These are used by the Sultan of Oman and members of his government.


The history of executive transport dates back to the earliest days of Pakistan. After independence in August 1947, the need for an official aircraft for head of state was felt strongly. For this purpose, an ex-British Imperial Air Force Vickers Viking was procured to serve as the official transport of the Governor-General of Pakistan. This aircraft is considered as the first to use the call sign reserved for an aircraft flying Pakistan's head of state or head of government, 'PAKISTAN ONE'. Pakistan's first Governor-General, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first to fly in this aircraft, using it until his death on 11 September 1948. After his death, the new Governor-General, Khawaja Nazimuddin used the aircraft as his official transport until 1953, when the aircraft was retired. It remained parked at Karachi's Mauripur Airbase and then at a PAF Base in Peshawar. In 1997, the aircraft was disassembled and transported to Karachi via road. In Karachi, it was restored and put up for display at the Pakistan Air Force Museum.

Following that, in the 1960s and 70s, the President of Pakistan: Muhammad Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto used Boeing 707 jetliners of the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines. In the 1980s, President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq used Lockheed C-130B Hercules. In the '90s, Prime Ministers Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto used a Boeing 737 for their official trips. The airliner was maintained by Pakistan Government Transport. PIA always transports the presidents and Prime Ministers of Pakistan on overseas visits. During the late 1990s, Prime Minister Sharif's government bought a Boeing 737-300 for official use. Initially it was given to PIA for commercial use while it was not on official duty. However, when the government changed after a military coup in 1999, the aircraft was transferred to PIA permanently. The President and Prime Minister then resorted to using two of PIA's Airbus A310s for official visits, while rare trips were done on regular commercial flights of the airline. In 2007 Qatar government gifted an Airbus A310-300 of Qatar Amiri Flight to Pakistan, it was operated for the Pakistan Air Force by PIA.

Since 2010 Gulfstream IV is being operated by Pakistan Air Force with serial number J-755, J-756 and four AW 139 helicopters are also on President and Prime Minister disposal every time.


The official aircraft of the President of Peru is a Boeing 737-500 acquired in 1995 during Alberto Fujimori's presidency.


The 250th Presidential Airlift Wing of the Philippine Air Force is used to transport the President of the Philippines and the First Family. On occasion, the wing has also been tasked to provide transportation for other members of government, visiting heads of state, and other state guests.

The fleet includes: 1 Fokker F28, which is primarily used for the President's domestic trips and it is also called Kalayaan ("Freedom") One when the President is on board, 1 Fokker F27 aircraft, 4 Bell 412 helicopters, 3 Sikorsky S-76 helicopters, and 1 Sikorsky S-70A-5 Black Hawk. On October 2019, the government purchased a Gulfstream G280 aircraft for use by the President and other senior officials, and is set for delivery by 2020.

For trips outside of the Philippines, the President uses a Learjet 60, Challenger 850 or charters appropriate aircraft from Philippine Airlines. The aircraft with the flight number PR/PAL 001 and callsign PHILIPPINE 001 is a special aircraft operated by Philippine Airlines to transport the President.

During World War II, the presidential aircraft was a Mitsubishi MC-20. In the 1950s, PAF Douglas C-47 Skytrains, which were named Mount Pinatubo and Pagasa ("Hope") were used for domestic flights. Prior to 1962, the Air Force chartered aircraft from Pan American World Airways as the international services of Philippine Airlines were suspended. In 1963, the Pag-asa was renamed Common Man.

Airbus A320 and Airbus A321 are being used for short-haul flights. While the Airbus A340-300, Airbus A330-300, Airbus A350-900 and Boeing 777-300ER are being used for medium-to-long haul flights.

In 1986, the squadron of presidential aircraft consisted of: one Boeing 707, one BAC One-Eleven, one NAMC YS-11 and one Fokker F28 Fellowship airliner; along with one Sikorsky S-62A, two Bell UH-1N, one Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma and two Sikorsky S-70AS helicopters.


Between June 2010 and December 2018 the Government of Poland operated two Embraer ERJ-175LR (ERJ-170-200LR) leased from LOT Polish Airlines to carry out state flights. Since 2012 Polish Air Force 1st Airlift Air Base in Warsaw-Okecie operates VIP helicopters for domestic transportation and since 2018 the long range passenger jets. The HEAD instruction for organizing the flights within the Polish Armed Forces gives the HEAD flight status when there is the president, prime minister or the parliament speakers on board. The flights carried by LOT are operated with both the rules of the civil procedures and in line with the unofficial civil HEAD instruction.[82]

Due to lack of the VIP fleet both the president and prime minister often used Polish Air Force EADS CASA C-295Ms for domestic flight and due to civil aviation restrictions.[83] In 2016 the new polish government launched the VIP jets acquisition programme to procure small and medium size business jets.[84] On 14 November 2016 the Polish Ministry of Defence signed the deal to buy two Gulfstream G550s.[85] On 31 March 2017 Armament Inspectorate of Ministry of National Defence signed the deal with Boeing Company to supply three Boeing 737 airliners to replace Embraer 175s. The purchase includes a 132-seat Boeing 737-800 and two 65-seat Boeing BBJ2 planned for delivery in 2020.[86] The first G550 was delivered on 21 June 2017.[87] The Boeing 737-800 arrived in Warsaw on 15 November 2017. The aircraft are operated by Polish Air Force 1st Airlift Air Base.

From 1990 the Polish Air Force operated two modified Tupolev Tu-154M Lux, additionally a number of Yakovlev Yak-40 and PZL M28 Bryza fixed-wing aircraft, Mil Mi-8, PZL W-3 Sokół and Bell 412 helicopters were used by 36th Special Aviation Regiment in Warsaw. On 4 December 2003, a Polish Air Force Mil Mi-8 carrying the Polish prime minister crashed in a forest near Warsaw. Even though the helicopter was lost, all 15 people on board survived. Tu-154M tail number 101, carrying the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński, crashed in April 2010. The remaining Tu-154M and all Yak-40s were retired in 2011, while the 36th Regiment was disbanded.[88]


The Portuguese Air Force operates three Dassault Falcon 50s for use by the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister, as well as cabinet members and other dignitaries when appropriate. They are operated by the 504 Squadron "Lynxes", based at the Lisbon Military Airfield (AT1).

Additionally, for similar use, the Portuguese Air Force maintained three Dassault Falcon 20s, bought from FedEx as cargo aircraft and converted to VIP configuration maintaining the outsized cargo door. These aircraft are no longer operational, the last one being used as an Aeronautical Navigation Calibration aircraft.

The three Dassault Falcon 50 are also often used for long range emergency human organ transports and medical evacuation, mainly from and to the Portuguese islands of Azores and Madeira.

Dassault Falcon 50s are not designed to fly long-haul, so for long-haul flights, the government would travel on a charter flight.


Qatar Amiri flight The Qatari Government only consists of 1 Boeing 747-8


Romania operated one Boeing 707 for the Romanian President, a BAC 1-11 mostly for the prime minister, and a SA-365 Dauphin for internal transport. The operator of these flights was the Ministry of National Defense, the owner of Romavia.

When Romavia was shutdown in October 2010, the presidential administration chartered an Airbus A310-300 from TAROM.

As of 2016, Romania no longer has an official aircraft, but a project to acquire one or more has been approved.


Russia State Transport Company operates two Ilyushin Il-96-300PU for use of the President of Russia.

At least one of the aircraft was refitted as a VIP transport in 2001 by a British company for a price of GBP 10 million. The aircraft has the word "Россия" displayed in large Cyrillic letters across the upper side. As pictures leaked to the Internet in 2007 indicate, the luxurious refit included gold-plated bathroom fittings, marble floors, silk-lined walls and other expensive amenities.[89] The aircraft is reported to have an escape capsule, much like the one featured in the film Air Force One.[62]

The Russian government fleet consists of the following aircraft (April 2016):

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Airbus ACJ319 2
Antonov An-148 2
Dassault Falcon 7X 2
Ilyushin Il-96-300 8
Ilyushin IL-62 8
Sukhoi Superjet 100 2
Tupolev Tu-204-300 2
Tupolev Tu-214 13
Total 31


The government of Rwanda leases Qatar Exclusive Gulfstream G650ER for travel

Saudi Arabia

The Saudi royal family and government have multiple fleets of aircraft at their disposal. The Saudi Arabian Royal Flight operates a Boeing 747-300, a Boeing 747-400, a Boeing 757-200, an Airbus A340-200 and a Boeing 777-200ER for use by the King of Saudi Arabia.[90]

In the mid-2010s the Saudi government struck a deal with Boeing to purchase two Boeing 787s, registrations HZ-MF7 and HZ-MF8 for exclusive use by the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman. These aircraft were not painted in the normal Saudia livery, but in the livery for aircraft operated by the Saudi Ministry of Finance and Economy. Other aircraft operated by the Saudi Ministry of Finance and Economy is 3 Boeing Business Jets and 3 Gulfstream G300s. Other aircraft operated by Saudi royals is 2 Boeing 737-700 BBJ and 1 Gulfstream G450 operated by the Saudi Air Force, painted in an all-white livery with a Saudi flag on the tail and green stripes across the fuselage, and aircraft operated by Saudi Aramco.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing 747-300 1
Boeing 747-400 1
Boeing 757-200 1
Airbus A340-200 1
Boeing 777-300 1
Boeing 787-8 1
Total 6


The government of Senegal operated an Airbus A319 since 2011.


The Avio Service of Serbia is responsible for transporting the Serbian President, the Prime Minister and other Serbian government officials. It operates a Dassault Falcon 50 and a Learjet 31A. The Ministry of the interior uses a Sikorsky S-76. The government sometimes also uses Yakovlev Yak-40 aircraft of the Serbian Air Force. At the end of 2018 Serbia got an Embraer Legacy 600 registered YU-SRB. These aircraft can not fly long haul, so when government officials are flying long-haul, they take hired aircraft from Air Serbia.


The President, Prime Minister of Singapore and government officials typically travel on regular scheduled commercial flights operated by Singapore's flag carrier, Singapore Airlines.

However, at APEC Philippines 2015, the Prime Minister travelled on a small Gulfstream G550.[91][92]


The Slovak Government Flying Service operates two Airbus 319 – 115 ACE and two Fokker 100. The Slovak Government Flying Service operates also one helicopter Bell 429 for Slovak Police and two helicopters Mil-171 for use by the President, Prime Minister and government officials.


The Slovenian Armed Forces operate a Dassault Falcon 2000 EX for VIP transport, primarily of the President, Prime Minister, and members of the Government. The Government has decided in early 2015 to use the aircraft for medical transportation of body organs.


The government of Somalia operated a Beechcraft 1900 turboprop.

South Africa

The President of South Africa travels in a Boeing 737 (BBJ) which is designated as “South Africa One” and operated by the South African Air Force's 21 Squadron, which is based at AFB Waterkloof near Pretoria, the executive capital, i.e. the seat of the executive branch of the South African government.

21 Squadron also operates a fleet of two Falcon 50 and a Falcon 900B Fleet, 550/1 Citation II, and a Global Express XRS is hired to escort the President on long flights as a back-up aircraft. The Falcon 900 is normally used by the Deputy President and high-ranking cabinet ministers.

In 2015 the South African president, president Jacob Zuma, had asked Armscor to procure a business jet with the capability of carrying at least 30 passengers and travel long range distances which is much larger than the current presidential jet (Inkwazi). Although still uncertain which private jet the presidency will choose jet models being considered include the Boeing 777, Boeing 787 and Airbus A340.[93]

However, the President has chartered aircraft from various South African Airlines, such as Airbus A340 and A330 aircraft from South African Airways for long range travel and Avro RJ85 from Airlink for short distance travel. In the last three years of Zuma's presidency, he used a Gulfstream G550 for his overseas visits.


The Spanish Air Force operates two customized Airbus A310s,[94] 5 Falcon 900, for transportation of the King, the President of the Government of Spain, high-ranking government officials and the Spanish Royal Family. These transportation services are provided by the 45th Group of the Air Force, based in Torrejón Air Base, 24 kilometers (15 mi) away from Madrid. A new unit, an Airbus 330, is pending approval by the Council of Ministers of Spain. This will be the new official aircraft of the King and the President. Usually when the President and high-ranking officials travel, they use the Airbus A310 and use 1 of the Falcon 900s as a support aircraft.

Sri Lanka

The present President, present Prime Minister and government officials typically travel on regular scheduled commercial flights run by SriLankan Airlines, due to their policies.

However, domestic travel for senior government officials and VIPs are provided by the No. 4 (VIP) Helicopter Squadron of the Sri Lanka Air Force using seven Bell 412EPs, Bell 206 or Mil Mi-17. Fixed wing transport aircraft of the Sri Lanka Air Force are used, such as the Y-12, Y-8 or C-130, in case of an emergency. In post-WW2 times,the de Havilland Heron, Douglas DC-3, de Havilland Dove, Westland WS-51 Dragonfly were used.


The President of Sudan Omar al-Bashir typically travel on an Ilyushin Il-62 and a Dassault Falcon 50.[95] Two Mil Mi-17 VIP helicopters are also used for domestic air transport.[96]


An Airbus A340-313 is chartered from Surinam Airways and has been used for international and long haul flights. For regional flights in the Caribbean, North-, Central-, and South America a Boeing 737-300 is also chartered from Surinam Airways. For domestic flights, a helicopter is chartered from Hi-Jet Helicopter Services.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Airbus A340-300 1
Boeing 737-300 1
Total 2


The Swedish Air Force Transport Squadron Bromma (Stockholm), based on Stockholm-Bromma Airport in Stockholm Municipality, operates the State Flight (Swedish: Statsflyget). It forms part of the Transport and Special Flying Unit (TSFE, Swedish: Transport och Specialflygenheten), which in its turn is a part of the Skaraborg Air Force Wing (F 7). Currently it operates two Gulfstream IV aircraft and one Gulfstream G550 in the VIP transport role.[97]

The Air Force also operates three Saab 340 in the VIP transport role.

The use of the State Flight is regulated in the State Flight Ordinance (Swedish: Statsflygsförordningen) issued by the Government of Sweden.[98] All aircraft serve the official transport needs of the King and other members of the Swedish Royal Family, the Prime Minister and cabinet ministers, and senior Swedish Armed Forces officers.

They also fly scheduled flights, then using business class and using VIP area for check in and security check.


The Swiss Air Force operates a fleet of three small VIP transport aircraft:[99]

These aircraft are mainly used by members of the Swiss Federal Council. Travel arrangements are coordinated by the Government Travel Centre in the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. The Cessna is to be replaced with a Swiss-built PC-24 of Pilatus Aircraft.[101] The Beechcraft 1900D will be replaced in 2019 by two Canadair CL-604 previously operated by Rega.[100] All of these aircraft are based at Bern Airport.

The 6th Air Transport Squadron, flying from the Alpnach Air Base, also operates two Eurocopter EC635 as VIP transport helicopters and has a number of Super Puma helicopters at its disposal, one of which is configured constantly as a VIP transport for domestic use and another one can be configured for VIP transport. Before the introduction of the EC635s, a Eurocopter Dauphin was used as a VIP helicopter.


The government of Syria operated a Dassault Falcon 900 in 2016.[102]

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Dassault Falcon 900 1
Total 1


Air transportation for the President or other high-ranking officials of Taiwan (Republic of China) is operated by the Republic of China Air Force using a customized Boeing 737-800 delivered from Boeing in 2001 called the Air Force 3701.[103] This aircraft operates out of Taipei's Songshan Airport and is not usually permitted to fly to countries without diplomatic relations with the ROC. Instead, a Boeing 747, Boeing 777 or Airbus A350 operated by China Airlines will be used, and is the type used for long-haul trips by the President and his/her staff. In addition, another three Fokker 50 turboprop perform the executive jet role for the Vice President of the Republic, premier, and other senior officials.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing 777-300ER 1
Boeing 737-800 1
Boeing 747-400 1
Fokker 50 3
Total 6


The Tanzania Government Flight Agency operates a Gulfstream G550.[102]


The Royal Thai Air Force's 602 Royal Guard Squadron operates a Boeing 737-800 for the Royal family flight.

Although available upon their request, members of the royal family usually fly on commercial flights operated by the national carrier, Thai Airways International, when traveling outside of the kingdom.

The Thai government operates one Airbus A340-500, one Airbus A319CJ, and two Embraer ERJ-135LR's as government transports. The A340-500, A320CJ and the A319CJ are maintained by Thai Airways International, the Embraer ERJ-135LRs are maintained by Royal Thai Army.


The government of Tunisia operates a Boeing 737 BBJ bought in 1999 and registered under TS-IOO; in 2008 former President Ben Ali tried to replace it with an Airbus A340-542 registered TS-KRT, but he only used it once before he sent it back to France to change the interior design, meanwhile the 2010/2011 uprising in Tunisia ousted Ben Ali's regime and the Tunisian government sold the aircraft to the Turkish Government for 73 million € in 2016.[102]


The government of Turkey has a VIP fleet which is maintained by Turkish Airlines for and on behalf of the President of the Republic. The fleet consists of two Airbus A319CJs, a highly modified and armed (with air defense missiles) Airbus A330-200 Prestige, an Airbus A340-500 High Gross Weight registered TC-CAN (can means life in Turkish) bought from the Tunisian Government after President Ben Ali (who originally ordered the plane to replace the Boeing BBJ) was ousted, and a highly modified and armed Boeing 747-8 which was formerly owned by the royal family of Qatar.[104][105] The fleet additionally contains two Gulfstream G550s, two Gulfstream GIVs and two Cessna Citation Vs. When the President of the Turkish Republic is on board any aircraft, the call-sign is "Turkish Republic One". The Turkish President also has several Airbus Military A-400Ms which are used to transport the Presidential limousines and Turkish Secret Service Counter Attack Teams. Some A-400Ms can also provide aerial refueling for the Presidential fleet.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Airbus A318-100 1
Airbus A319-100 2
Airbus A330-200 1
Airbus A340-500 1
Boeing 747-8 1
Bombardier CRJ-200 1
Total 7


The President of Turkmenistan utilizes a specially-configured Boeing 777-200LR aircraft, painted in the colors of national airline Turkmenistan Airlines.


In February 2009, a Gulfstream G550 was delivered to the Government of Uganda for use by the President of Uganda. It replaced a Gulfstream IV-SP that had been in service since 2000.[106]

In addition, the Ugandan president uses a Mil Mi-171 of the Uganda People's Defence Force for internal flights. The helicopter was delivered in early 2016 after the government had budgeted 11.3 billion Ugandan Shillings for the new helicopter.[107] It is equipped with a cloak room, snackbar, bathroom and luggage compartment[108] and seats up to 12 passengers.[109]


Ukraine Air Enterprise is a government owned airline that operates almost exclusively Ukrainian built Antonov aircraft of (2x Antonov An-148 and 2x Antonov An-74), except a single Airbus A319 used for VIP flights for the Ukrainian government. Those aircraft are based at Boryspil International Airport near Kiev. The airline started operations in 1996.

United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates has seven constituent Emirates, each one with its own private jet fleet. The most notable fleets are maintained by the Dubai Royal Air Wing and Presidential Flight (UAE).

The Dubai Royal Air Wing has 12 aircraft ranging in size from Avro RJ85 to Boeing 747-400, used by the Emir of Dubai as well as government officials.

Presidential Flight of the Abu Dhabi Emirate has six aircraft, the smallest being an Airbus A320-200 and the largest being a Boeing 777-300.

The Sharjah Royal Flight uses an Airbus A319 and Airbus A320.

The Fujairah Amiri flight has one aircraft, an Airbus A320.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing 747-400 1
Boeing 777-300 2
Airbus A319-100 1
Airbus A320-200 5
Avro RJ85 3
Total 12

United Kingdom

The British government used Royal Air Force Transport Command Vickers VC-10 aircraft until the late 1990s before their retirement from long-haul flight. During the 2000s and early 2010s they travelled on aircraft borrowed from British Airways or Virgin Atlantic for non-European or long-haul flights, and on rented private jets for inter-European flights. In 2012, former Prime Minister David Cameron used a Boeing 747-400 operated by charter airline Atlas Air on his four-day state visit to South-east Asia. Atlas Air typically uses this plane for SonAir, the air transport division of Sonangol Group, an Angolan state-owned oil company.[110] On 8 July 2016, a newly converted RAF Voyager A330 was first used by the UK to transport government ministers from London Heathrow airport to the 2016 NATO conference in Warsaw, Poland. This new transport aircraft was reconfigured to have 158 seats but still retain its primary mission as an aerial tanker. The aircraft is also intended for use by members of the British royal family for official overseas visits.[111]

No. 32 (The Royal) Squadron of the Royal Air Force maintains a fleet consisting of an Agusta A109SP helicopter and four British Aerospace 146 regional airliners to support travel by the Royal Family, the Prime Minister and senior members of the British Government, secondary to their military duties.[112]

The Queen's Helicopter Flight uses a Sikorsky S-76+.

On visits to Commonwealth realms, which share the same monarch as the United Kingdom, reciprocal VIP aircraft of those countries are often used when transporting members of the Royal Family. Australia, Canada and New Zealand use VIP configured military aircraft for the Royal Family.

United States

Air travel arrangements for the President are made by the White House Military Office and typically one of two customized Boeing 747-200B jetliners are used. These aircraft carry the military designation VC-25A.

The Vice President of the United States, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense and other high-ranking officials typically use customized Boeing 757-200 and Boeing 737 aircraft which carry the military designation C-32A and C-40B. The President more often uses these aircraft instead of the VC-25A, as the C-32A and C-40B are twinjets that can carry a smaller air crew and use shorter runways, while the VC-25A is a four-engine jet that requires considerably longer runways for takeoff and landings.[113][114]

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing VC-25A 2
Boeing 757 1
Boeing 757-200 1
Boeing 737-700 1
Boeing C-32 1
Boeing C-32A 1
Boeing C-40 1
Boeing C-40 Clipper 1
Total 9

The callsign of any aircraft is regular if it is not currently carrying the President or Vice-President. The callsign of any military aircraft that currently carries the President is called that military branch name followed by "One", such as Army One, Air Force One, Navy One, or Marine One (which is typically associated with a helicopter). The callsign of any military aircraft that currently carries the Vice President is called that military branch name followed by "Two", such as Air Force Two, Coast Guard Two, or Marine Two (which is typically associated with a helicopter). In the one instance that the President traveled on a private aircraft its callsign was Executive One, and Vice President Rockefeller's private Gulfstream was Executive Two when he was on board during his term of office.

In addition, the US military maintains a fleet of Boeing C-40 Clippers (Boeing 737-700), C-37As (Gulfstream V) and C-37Bs (Gulfstream G550) for use by government officials, Members of Congress and the White House.


The President of Uruguay uses an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, operated by the Uruguayan Air Force, for flights within South America, and a Cessna 414 operated by Ancap.


The Uzbek government uses a single Boeing 767-300 for VIP transport.

It previously also operated a Boeing 757, which was sold to the Yemeni Government, with the tail number 7O-VIP.

Vatican City

Typically, the Pope flies on a chartered Alitalia fixed-wing aircraft when travelling to or from more distant destinations. Traditional protocol dictates that a Pope flies to a country he is visiting on a chartered Alitalia jet and to return on a jet belonging to a flag carrier from the visited nation; this may vary when he is touring multiple nations. When Pope John Paul II visited South America in May 1988, he travelled to Paraguay from Peru in an AeroPerú DC-8, but left Asunción International Airport back to Europe in a transcontinental Alitalia Boeing 747, which was brought in just hours before his farewell ceremony. Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas' longest-range aircraft at the time were Boeing 707-320Bs, which had to stop in Dakar, Senegal to refuel. However, he politely travelled within the country in a LAP jet, which incidentally carried the distinguished visitor's coat of arms in the forward fuselage as courtesy. Pope Benedict XVI also returned to Rome from Brazil on Alitalia.

The call sign of a papal flight within Italy is "volo papale" ("papal flight" in Italian) followed by the number of flights the pope has made. Pope John Paul II made 104 papal flights.[115] The pope also uses a helicopter of the Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare), an Agusta Westland AW139, for short distances. There are two papal heliports, with the Vatican City Heliport being on the tiny state's western corner, and another on the southern edge of the extraterritorial papal residence of Castel Gandolfo. The former bears the official Latin designation Portus Helicopterorum.

It is erroneously, but widely, believed and reported that international flights carrying the Pope use the callsign "Shepherd One". This is an urban myth, as the callsign is that of the carrying airline along with a number. Often a significant or meaningful number is chosen.


An Airbus A319CJ serves as the presidential transport of Venezuela. Former President Hugo Chavez often traveled on board an Ilyushin Il-96 aircraft owned by Cubana de Aviacion. An Embraer Lineage 1000 YV3016 from national air carrier Conviasa is used too. A fleet of about 15 Dassault Falcons 900EXes, Falcon 50s and Learjets 45s is used for high-ranking officials.


A Boeing 787-9 or Airbus A350-900 chartered from Vietnam Airlines is often used for international and long haul flights. For domestic and short haul flights, an Airbus A321 is chartered from Vietnam Airlines. When the prime minister is traveling aboard a Vietnam Airlines aircraft, the flight number assigned to the aircraft is VN1/HVN1.

Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Boeing 787-9 1
Airbus A321 1
Airbus A350-900 1
Total 3


Yemenia operated a VIP-configured Boeing 747SP registered 7O-YMN for use by the government of Yemen. The aircraft carried the Yemenia Yemen Airways livery.[116] In March 2015, the Boeing 747SP was damaged by gun fire during a militia attack at Aden airport, and a subsequent blaze destroyed the aircraft completely.[117] In August 2016, the internationally recognized government bought a Boeing 757-200 registered 7O-VIP that previously operated as a VIP transport for Uzbekistan Airways with UK75700 as its registration.[118] The 757 underwent refit and repaint in Yemen government's livery at GMF AeroAsia's maintenance facility at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, prior to delivery to Yemen.

Yugoslavia (former)

Former Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito used many aircraft during his term as president. The most notable aircraft types in service were the Douglas DC-6,[119] Ilyushin Il-18, Sud Aviation Caravelle and Boeing 727.


First Zambian president, Kenneth Kaunda used to use a Douglas DC-8 of the now liquidated Zambia Airways among other national carriers. His departure from office saw the new president, Frederick Chiluba acquire a more modern look for government and thus the Challenger CL604 was acquired.

In 2019, the Sukhoi Superjet 100 will be purchased for the President of Zambia in the Business Jet configuration.[120]

Also, at the end of 2018, the Zambian Air Force bought Gulfstream G650 (AF001) for the president. This deal caused a great resonance and scandal within the country.[121][122][123][124]


The President of Zimbabwe travels in a chartered Air Zimbabwe Boeing 767-200ER aircraft, which is part of the national airline's fleet. Occasionally, the president will share the aircraft with commercial passengers on scheduled flights. The president's own British Aerospace 146–200 Series aircraft ordered in the 1980s by the Zimbabwe Government's Ministry of Defence as a VIP aircraft for the President's use was leased to the national airline upon delivery after Air Zimbabwe's need for an aircraft that could land on the country's short local runways had become dire. The aircraft was leased to the airline under an arrangement that provided for Air Zimbabwe to maintain it and fly it as required, and the President to have the use of it when needed. After the British Aerospace 146–200 was retired, the national airline continued its role as a state VIP transporter, using the 767-200ER.

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