Air Hawks

Air Hawks is a 1935 American aviation-themed science fiction film based on Ben Pivar's "Air Fury", an unpublished story.[1] Director Albert Rogell who had moved from shorts to B-films, was interested in aviation and had already helmed The Flying Marine (1929) and Air Hostess (1933). In Air Hawks, the studio was able to add an A-list star, Ralph Bellamy, as well as exploiting the fame of record-setting pilot Wiley Post in his only feature film appearance.[2]

Air Hawks
Theatrical film poster
Directed byAlbert Rogell
Produced bynone credited
Screenplay byGriffin Jay
and Grace Neville
StarringRalph Bellamy
Tala Birell
Wiley Post
Douglas Dumbrille
Music byLouis Silvers (uncredited)
CinematographyHenry Freulich, A.S.C.
Edited byRichard Cahoon
Production
company
Distributed byColumbia Pictures Corporation
Release date
  • May 7, 1935 (1935-05-07)
Running time
64 min. (also variously listed as 66, 69 and 70 minutes)
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

Although limited in budget and production values, the introduction of a "death ray" elevated the modest programmer into the science-fiction genre.[3]

Plot

Pilot Barry Eldon (Ralph Bellamy) is the owner of Independent Transcontinental Lines whose airline is in direct competition with Martin Drewen (Robert Middlemass), owner of Consolidated Airlines. With Renee Dupont (Tala Birell), a singer at a nightclub owned by Victor Arnold (Douglas Dumbrille), he believes that his airline's air mail routes will ensure success against his rival.

Arnold decides to ally himself with Drewen who has hired German inventor Shulter (Edward Van Sloan), the inventor of a death ray projector. With this device, they bring down three of Eldon's aircraft. Determined to set a new transcontinental record with Wiley Post flying the racer, Eldon has the help of his girlfriend to eventually expose his rivals and destroy their secret headquarters. A new contract in Washington awaits.

Cast

[N 1]

Production

Primary photography on Air Hawks took place from February 25 to March 14, 1935.[5] The aerial scenes used a combination of models and full-size aircraft,[6] which included a DH60GM Gipsy Moth, Stearman C-3R, Stinson SM-8A, and Vultee V-1.[7]

Billed as one of the stars of the film, Wiley Post was in the midst of a series of record flights.[8] His actual screen time amounted to little more than a minute.[9]

Between February 22 and June 15, 1935, Post made four attempts to complete the first high altitude non-stop flight from Los Angeles to New York, all of which failed for various mechanical reasons.[10] As the attempts were also meant to be the "First Air Mail Stratosphere Flight" over U.S. Air Mail Route #2 (AM-2) from Los Angeles to New York, Post was in the headlines constantly, an aspect that Columbia wanted to exploit, even creating a marketing campaign featuring his famous "Winnie Mae".[11] The film provides a rare view of a famous pilot on the cusp of tragedy.[12] In mid-1935, after his work on Air Hawks was completed, Post with friend and fellow celebrity Will Rogers set out on another record flight, this time surveying a mail-and-passenger air route from the west coast of the United States to Russia. When the pair were killed on August 15, 1935, near Point Barrow, Alaska, a period of public mourning began.[13]

Reception

Considered along with other aviation films of the era, Air Hawks was a B-film with some aspirations to being elevated to a more prestigious level, especially promoting the appearance of headline-dominating Wiley Post.[14]

A contemporary review in The New York Times, however, noted: "Although Wiley Post is billed as one of the photoplay's chief lures, the aviator completes his chore in about a minute and a half. Air Hawks spends most of its time on the minor side of film entertainment. It belongs in the double-feature programs, for which it has apparently been designed."[15] Largely a forgotten film today, Air Hawks does provide an illuminating, if brief look at an iconic figure of the interwar years.

References

Notes

  1. Unbilled (in order of appearance)
    • Niles Welch as McCoy, Barry's radio dispatcher
    • Marianne Edwards as Dorothy, 5-year-old daughter of pilot Frank Dunlap and his wife Gertie
    • Pat Flaherty as Frank Dunlap, one of Barry's pilots
    • Joseph Sauers as another one of Barry's pilots
    • Roscoe Turner as yet another pilot working for Barry
    • William Irving as Jerry, still another of Barry's pilots
    • Harry Strang as driver of stalled taxi in which Renee is a passenger
    • Gino Corrado as headwaiter at nightclub where Renee is a singer
    • Al Hill as Pete, Shulter's henchman in shooting down Barry's planes
    • Franklin Parker as Ed Burbank, one of Barry's pilots who was shot down by Shulter's death ray
    • Elise Cavanna as severe bespectacled nurse attending to Lewis in the hospital
    • Guy Usher as Shelton, first of two Federal men from the Department of Commerce who comes to visit Barry
    • James Farley as Harrington, second of two Federal men from the Department of Commerce who comes to visit Barry
    • Charles C. Wilson as newspaper editor who fires Tiny for refusing to write a story implying that Barry's planes are unsafe
    • Billy West as one of five newspaper reporters throwing questions at Mona and demanding access to Barry
    • Inez Courtney as nurse who answers Barry's telephone inquiry about Lewis' health
    • Frank O'Connor as bystander when ambulance arrives at Barry's apartment to pick up Renee
    • Charles King as driver of ambulance which arrives at Barry's apartment to pick up Renee

Citations

  1. Wynne 1987, p. 471.
  2. "Orpheum Bill stars Dietrich." Spokane Daily Chronicle, May 31, 1935, p. 14.
  3. "Notes: 'Air Hawks'." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: March 20, 2013.
  4. Pendo 1985, p. 61.
  5. "'Air Hawks' coming To Criterion here," The Sunday Spartanburg Herald-Journal, October 6, 1935, p. 21.
  6. Wynne 1987, p. 171.
  7. Farmer 1984, p. 293.
  8. "Wiley Post flight gives daring scenes." Lodi News-Sentinel, August 9, 1935, p. 10.
  9. Paris 1995, p. 66.
  10. Mallan 1971, p. 31.
  11. "Orpheum plans plane contest."Spokane Daily Chronicle, May 28, 1935, p. 3.
  12. "Thrilling drama in studio film tonight." Prescott Evening Courier, September 18, 1935, p. 7.
  13. Sterling 2001, p. 246.
  14. "Wiley Post in state feature."The Sunday Spartanburg Herald-Journal, June 30, 1935, p. 17.
  15. Sennwald, Andre. "Movie Review: Air Hawks (1935), At the Criterion." The New York Times, June 4, 1935.

Bibliography

  • Farmer, James H. Broken Wings: Hollywood's Air Crashes. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Co., 1984. ISBN 978-0-933126-46-6.
  • Mallan, Lloyd. Suiting Up For Space: The Evolution of the Space Suit. New York: The John Day Company, 1971. ISBN 978-0-38198-150-1.
  • Paris, Michael. From the Wright Brothers to Top Gun: Aviation, Nationalism, and Popular Cinema. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1995. ISBN 978-0-7190-4074-0.
  • Pendo, Stephen. Aviation in the Cinema. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1985. ISBN 0-8-1081-746-2.
  • Sterling, Bryan and Frances. Forgotten Eagle: Wiley Post: America's Heroic Aviation Pioneer. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2001. ISBN 0-7867-0894-8.
  • Wynne, Hugh. The Motion Picture Stunt Pilots & Hollywood's Classic Aviation Movies. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Co., 1987. ISBN 0-933126-85-9.
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