Aichi Prefecture (愛知県 Aichi-ken, Japanese pronunciation: [aitɕi̥ꜜkeɴ]) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,498,485 (1 May 2016) and has a geographic area of 5,172 km² (1,997 sq mi). Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.
|Coordinates: 35°10′48.68″N 136°54′48.63″E|
|Subdivisions||Districts: 7, Municipalities: 54|
|• Governor||Hideaki Ōmura (since February 2011)|
|• Total||5,172.48 km2 (1,997.11 sq mi)|
(May 1, 2016)
|• Density||1,454.94/km2 (3,768.3/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-23|
|Bird||Scops-owl (Otus scops japonicus)|
|Fish||Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)|
|Flower||Kakitsubata (Iris laevigata)|
|Tree||Hananoki (Acer pycnanthum)|
Nagoya is the capital and largest city of Aichi Prefecture, and the fourth-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Toyota, Okazaki, and Ichinomiya. Aichi Prefecture and Nagoya form the core of the Chūkyō metropolitan area, the third-largest metropolitan area in Japan and one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. Aichi Prefecture is located on Japan's Pacific Ocean coast and forms part of the Tōkai region, a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region. Aichi Prefecture is home to the Toyota Motor Corporation, the world's largest automotive manufacturer, the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization, and sixth-largest company in the world by revenue, with its headquarters in the city of Toyota. Aichi Prefecture features the Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens, Chubu Centrair International Airport, and Legoland Japan Resort.
Originally, the region was divided into the two provinces of Owari and Mikawa. After the Meiji Restoration, Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.
The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari. The Aichi Prefectural Police and its predecessor organisations have been responsible for law enforcement in the prefecture since 1871.
In the third volume of the Man'yōshū there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: "The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry". Ayuchi is the original form of the name Aichi, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area.
For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-raibu Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line.
Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km east to west and 94 km south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With an area of 5,172.48 km2 it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m above sea level.
The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan's third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4 per cent.
As of April 1, 2012, 17% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Aichi Kōgen, Hida-Kisogawa, Mikawa Wan, and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks.
Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Companies headquartered in Aichi include the following.
|Brother Industries, Ltd.||Nagoya|
|Central Japan Railway Company||Nagoya|
|Toyota Motor Corporation||Toyota|
Sister Autonomous Administrative division
Victoria, Australia – （1980/5/2） Jiangsu, China – （1980/7/28） Bangkok, Thailand – （2012/7/9） Guangdong, China – （2013/11/25） Gyeonggi Province, South Korea – （2015/11/10） Texas, United States – （2016/4/22） Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – （2016/9/13） Washington, United States – （2016/10/18） Brussels, Flemish Region, Wallonia, Belgium – （2017/5/15） Indiana, United States – （2017/9/15） Kentucky, United States – （2017/10/23） Occitanie, France – （2018/6/5） São Paulo, Brazil – （2018/9/10）
As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture's population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents (nearly 2% of the population) are of foreign nationality.
Population by age (2001)
|Age||% population||% male||% female|
JR Central Tokaido Shinkansen
- ■Tokaido Line
- ■Chūō Main Line
- ■Kansai Line
- ■Taketoyo Line
- ■Iida Line
- Nagoya Line
- Inuyama Line
- Komaki Line
- Centrair Line
- Tokoname Line
- Seto Line
- Toyokawa Line
- Gamagori Line
- Toyota Line
- Chita Line
- Mikawa Line
- Bisai Line
- Chikko Line
- Tsushima Line
- Nagoya Line
Aonami Line Nagoya Municipal Subway Higashiyama Line Meijo Line Tsurumai Line (connecting to Meitetsu Toyota and Inuyama Line) Sakura-dori Line Meiko Line Kamiiida Line (connecting to Meitetsu Komaki Line) Toyohashi Railroad Aichi Loop Line
People movers and tramways
- Nagoya Guideway Bus
- Toyohashi Railroad
Expressways and toll roads
- Chuo Expressway
- Higashi-Meihan Expressway（East Meihan Expressway）
- Isewangan Expressway（Ise Bayside Expressway）
- Meishin Expressway
- Mei-Nikan Expressway
- Nagoya Expressway
- Shin-Meishin Expressway
- Shin-Tōmei Expressway
- Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway
- Tomei Expressway
- Chita Peninsula Road
- South Chita Road
- Chubu International Airport Connecting Road
- Chita across Road
- Nagoya Seto Road
- Route 1
- Route 19 (Nagoya-Kasugai-Tajimi-Nagiso-Matsumoto-Nagano)
- Route 22 (Nagoya-Ichinomiya-Gifu)
- Route 23 (Ise-Matsuzaka-Suzuka-Yokkaichi-Nagoya-Toyoake-Chiryu-Gamagori-Toyohashi)
- Route 41 (Nagoya-Komaki-Inuyama-Gero-Takayama-Toyama)
- Route 42
- Route 151
- Route 153
- Route 154
- Route 155 (Tokoname-Chita-Kariya-Toyota-Seto-Kasugai-Komaki-Ichinomiya-Tsushima-Yatomi)
- Route 247
- Route 248
- Route 257 (Hamamatsu-Shinshiro-Toyota-Ena-Nakatsugawa-Gero-Takayama)
- Route 259
- Route 301
- Route 302
- Route 362
- Route 363
- Route 366
- Route 419
- Route 420
- Route 473 (Gamagori-Okazaki-Toyota-Shitara-Hamamatsu)
- Route 474
- Route 475
- Aichi University of Education
- Graduate University for Advanced Studies - Okazaki Campus (National Institute for Basic Biology, Japan, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan)
- Nagoya Institute of Technology
- Nagoya University
- Toyohashi University of Technology
- Aichi Bunkyo University
- Aichi Gakuin University
- Aichi Gakusen University
- Aichi Institute of Technology
- Aichi Medical University
- Aichi Mizuho College
- Aichi Sangyo University
- Aichi Shukutoku University
- Aichi Toho University
- Aichi University
- Aichi University of Technology
- Chubu University
- Chukyo University
- Daido University
- Doho University
- Fujita Health University
- Globis University Graduate School of Management – Nagoya Campus
- Japanese Red Cross Toyota College of Nursing
- Kinjo Gakuin University
- Meijo University
- Nagoya Bunri University
- Nagoya College of Music
- Nagoya Gakuin University
- Nagoya Keizai University
- Nagoya Sangyo University
- Nagoya University of Arts
- Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
- Nagoya University of Commerce & Business
- Nagoya University of Foreign Studies
- Nagoya Women's University
- Nagoya Zokei University
- Nanzan University
- Nihon Fukushi University
- Ohkagakuen University
- Okazaki Women's Junior College
- Seijoh University
- Seisa University – Nagoya Schooling Campus
- Shigakkan University
- Shubun University
- Sugiyama Jogakuen University
- Tokai Gakuen University
- Tokyo University of Social Welfare – Nagoya Campus
- Toyohashi Sozo College
- Toyota Technological Institute
- University of Human Environments
Senior high schools
The sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.
- Tokai Regional League
Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan's Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright's old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).
Aichi Prefecture has many wonderful beaches. For example, Himakajima Beach, Shinojima Beach, Akabane Beach, Utsumi Beach.
Festival and events
- Owari Tsushima Tenno Matsuri（Aisai, Tsushima）
- Inuyama Festival（Inuyama）
- Kamezaki Shiohi Festival（Handa）
- Chiryu Festival（Chiryū）
- Sunari Festival（Ama DistrictKanie）
- Nagoya Festival（Nagoya City）
- Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi Tennō Festival（Nagoya Higashi-ku）
- Miya Festival（Gamagōri）
- Toyohama Sea bream Festival（Chita District Minamichita Town）
- Okkawa Festival（Handa）
- Hōnen Matsuri（Komaki）
- Omanto festival（Takahama）
- Kōnomiya Hadaka Matsuri（Inazawa）
- Tezutsu Matsuri（Toyohashi, Toyokawa）
- Nagashino festival（Shinshiro）
- Mando festival（Kariya）
- Isshiki Lantern Festival（Nishio）
- Toba Fire Festival（Nishio）
- Owari Tsushima Autumn Festival（Tsushima）
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Aichi-ken" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 11, p. 11, at Google Books; "Chūbu" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Nagoya" p. 685, p. 685, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- "Summary of Aichi Prefecture". Aichi Prefecture. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- Kato, Sadamichi (2000). "Rediscovering an Ancient Poem to Save a Tidal Flat". International Studies in Literature and Environment. Oxford University Press. 7 (2): 189–197. doi:10.1093/isle/7.2.189.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "Domestic production and sales bases Archived 2015-05-10 at the Wayback Machine". Sumitomo Riko. Retrieved on January 28, 2015.
- Statistics Bureau of Japan
- "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan". UNESCO. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
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